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lost nyc:NYU

Oct. 2012

joe trotta

on 28 October 2012

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Transcript of lost nyc:NYU

Union Resistance McGurk's Common Many owners still The disaster touched off a national movement for safer Aftermath broke out on the top floors Ethnic Neighborhoods policemen Flamboyant dress and behavior are a way to set themselves apart from middle class The Immigrants Scandinavians are drawn by the opportunity to own land U.S. population despite predjudices, the majority of Irish do City sanitation 1845 professional police forces appear to control the poor who riot because of living conditions Gangs in 19th The American Working class women contributor to family income and take care of family! The Rise of because native-born workers Preliminaries ... we started work at 7: 30 and during the busy season, we worked until nine o’clock in the evening. They didn’t pay any overtime and didn’t give you anything for supper money. At times they would give you - in those days, the bakery had a little apple pie not very much bigger than this - and they would give you that for your supper. Very generous. But you see hours didn’t change. The hours remained, no matter how much you got. The operators, their average wage, as I recall - because two of my sisters worked there - they averaged around six, seven dollars a week. If you were very fast - because they worked piece work - if you were very fast and nothing happened to your machine, no breakage or anything, you could make around ten dollars a week. But most of them, as I remember - and I do remember them very well - they averaged about seven dollars a week. Now the collars are the skilled men in the trade. Twelve dollars was the maximum. You were not allowed to sing. Operators would like to have sung, because they, too, had the same thing to do, and weren’t allowed to sing. You were not allowed to talk to each other. Oh, no! They would sneak up behind you, and if you were found talking to your next colleague you were admonished. If you’d keep on, you’d be fired. If you went to the toilet, and you were there more than the forelady or foreman thought you should be, you were threatened to be laid off for a half a day, and sent home, and that meant, of course, no pay, you know? You were not allowed to use the passenger elevator, only a freight elevator. And ah, you were watched every minute of the day by the foreman, forelady. Employers would sneak behind your back. And you were not allowed to have your lunch on the fire escape in the summertime. And that door was locked. And that was proved during the investigation of the fire. They were mean people. There were two partners, Rank and Harris, and one was worse than the other. People were afraid, actually. And finally, it took from the time I got there, October 1901 to November 1909, for the people to really rise and proclaim that they cannot work under such condition any longer. And we had 20,000 of them coming out here, and 15,000 in Philadelphia, you know? And that was the strike, Boston from November 1909 to the end of March 1910. The Five Points Gang formed in NYC The Industrial Revolution changes the dynamics of the family Immigrants come seeking economic Irish immigrants cluster in ethnic neighborhoods for support and help They build churches and form Garbage collection If you wanted Wealthy and poor begin Many workers were forced to jump out of windows so they wouldn’t burn to death The local political machine had said the building was safe. Doors on the ninth floor were locked; to prevent unauthorized breaks and employee theft. The factory employed primarily women who worked long hours in unsanitary and dangerous conditions Children were hired in violation of child labor laws Factory Ladders could only reach to the 6th floor, Working ended up only paying for Background of the Fire workers, but still pocketed much of the profits was a typical sweat factory located Blanck & Harris owned the factory Subcontractors took advantage of new immigrants, paying them insufficient wages 146 of the 500 employees died Lost NYC: The Irish are escaping the Great Germans are escaping revolution and unrest Nativists fought to prevent Used discrimination practices Nativists fear immigrants for typical Nativism Class The Mulberry
Bend The Tombs The Collect Pond
(filled in 1811) 'Bandits'
Roost' The Old Brewery
(Coulter's Brewery) Paradise Square Bottle Alley Almack's Dance Hall opportunity & political/religious freedom doubles from 1790-1820 The Triangle Urban Planning Immigration Unemployment Workers' rights Gender issues politics & Bill the butcher Saloon hoses couldn’t reach the top floors Conditions In 1909 the ILGWU organized a of 400 employees at garment Strike helped establish a followed Clara Lemlich’s call for a general strike commission was conducted People demanded restitution and justice Outraged cries called for Fire Shirtwaist The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory at the Asch Building in Manhatten Not really gangs in the beginning but rather young immigrants rebelling and looking for their own identity in America Irish gangs like the Whyos, Dead Rabbits and Plug Uglies, and Jewish gangs like the Monk Eastman Gang terrorized NYC streets. They were acquitted Owners claimed they didn’t know Thanks for The Fire It was the deadliest industrial disaster in the history of the city of New York On March 25, 1911, a fire the doors had been locked of any wrong doing each life lost in the fire Denominators: Potato Famine in the 1840’s living problems Working class women seek work whereas middle class wives do not The middle class view is negative towards wives who seek work outside the home social and religious clubs Run their own fire & militia companies, xenophobic reasons - cultural differences, fear of diseases resented immigrants for their willingness to work & & the legal system against immigrants immigration and immigrants finding work from find employment on canal construction, as soldiers, house servants & factory workers for low wages in the late 1890's and early 1900's. This gang would change the mold of the American outlaw forever. '"Doing the slums" The Bowery of hearings that led to passage of factory legislation within a month of fire -- for 5 years An investigating important working conditions, led to the creation of health and safety legislation, and helped shape future labor laws working unsafe improving Accountability? was built as a hotel for civil war veterans bought by McGurk in the 1890s first electric sign in New york Mae West/Diamond Lil protected by McGurk's friends at Tammany Hall corruption The Civil War Draft Riots John Morrissey - Irish immigrant, bare knuckle fighter, Tammany enforcer, Poole's nemisis, US senator (1867-71) The Tammany political machine your attention! also serve as to pay for them services was not a city service areas of the city to live in specific & you had in depleted slums poor & immigrants live Unskilled & uneducated Wealthy live in mansions in secluded areas with access to private parks Class differences in cities worker wages individuals, who in turn decided but subcontracted the work to Family Changes Century America & the 5 points Owners didn’t know wages or number of workers walkout At a meeting at Cooper Union, thousands of Triangle Factory grievance system disregarded workers’ rights $75 the commission conditions appointed a series Dark times and hard life on the Lower East Side Dept. of Languages & Literatures, University of Gothenburg, Sweden Oct. 28, 2012 Joe Trotta
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