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Psychology

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anick umubyeyi

on 27 October 2014

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Transcript of Psychology

arousal Theory
Belonging and Love Needs
Physiological Needs
ESTEEM NEEDS
The arousal theory of motivation suggests that people are driven to perform actions in order to maintain an optimum level of physiological arousal.

How It Works?
People with high optimum levels of arousal might be drawn to high excitement behaviours. Most of us perform best with an optimum level of arousal, although this varies with different activities.
Playing soccer with friends
“Now, when you smoke, it make you cool, you know? It stimulates your mind, and make you sit down and meditate. Instead a get foolish, you sit down and you can meditate and be someone”.
Jamming with friends
BOB MARLEY
The Life Of A Legend

Born - February 6, 1945 in St Ann Parish, Jamaica.
Died - from a cancerous brain tumor on May 11, 1981 in Miami, Florida. (Aged 36 years old).
Occupation - Singer- songwriter, musician, guitarist.
Genre - Reggae.
Marley and his family lived in Trench Town, one of the poorest neighbourhoods in Jamaica.
The place had no electricity and it was nine miles away from everything.
In the late 1950s when Bob was a teenager, him and his family lived in poverty.
This caused:
Luck of basic necessities (i.e. food, water, warmth etc)
Luck of respect and luck of hope
Luck of decent work
Luck of security
safety needs
A local producer liked Marley’s vocals and produced Marley’s first single, “Jungle Not”, and "One Cup Of Coffee".
In 1963, Marley and his friends formed a musical group known as "The Wailers".
In 1966 Bob Marley married Alpharita Anderson, and it was she who introduced him to Rastafarianism.
Bob Marley
Accomplishments
Self-Actualization needs
In 1976, Marley was regarded as a global reggae ambassador who had internationally popularized Rastafarian beliefs.
• In 1978, Marley performed at the “One Love Peace Concert” and was awarded the peace medal from the United States.
• In February 1981, Bob Marley received Jamaica’s third highest honour, the Jamaican Order of Merit.
• In March 1994, Marley inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of fame.
• In February 2001, A star on the Hollywood Walk of fame.
• In February 2001, Marley received Grammy lifetime Achievement Award.
Marley's family
Bob’s solo career was very successful. He finished about seven albums and travel to the United States, Europe and Africa.
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
Little empirical evidence to support it
it is untested
His writings are more philosophical than scientific.
Difficult to measure precisely how satisfied one level of need must be before the next higher need becomes operative.

The model is too simplistic:
The same product can satisfy several needs at once.
The model is too culture-bound
Limitations
Strength
Encompasses all aspects of human motivation (biological, psychological and social needs)
• Determines stages that make it easier to relate to.
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
Physiological needs:
Air, food, water, warmth, rest
Safety needs:
Security, safety
Belongingness and love needs:
Intimate relationship, friends
Esteem needs:
Prestige and feeling of accomplishment
Self-
actualizatoion:
Achieving one's full potential,
including creative activities
Basic
needs
Psychological
needs
Self-Fulfillment
needs
Maslow's Hierarchy of Need
Hierarchy of Needs is the basic needs of the survival of an individual human.
The Hierarchy of Needs is organized as a pyramid. The idea is that you cannot progress to the next level until all your needs in lower level(s) have been satisfied.

Two room house
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