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Transcript of Grigori Rasputin
Born Grigori Yefimovich Rasputin on January 21 1869 in Pokrovskye, Siberia, Russia.
Married to Praskovia Fyodorovna Dubrovina from 1889-1916 at the age of 19.
When he was 10, people said he could read minds and heal animals.
Never learned to read or write due to his peasant upbringing.
Developed a love for thieving, drinking and sex but he gave that up to become a monk so his sins would be repented. However, three months later, he left the monastery, Verkhoture, to marry Praskovia.
Though he was married, he continued his promiscuous gallivanting which angered many people but his wife was accepted it as 'he was man enough for more than one woman'
With his wife, he had three children, a son and two daughters. Dmitri, Varvara and Maria (Matryona).
In his early 20's, Rasputin traveled to Greece and the Middle East, presumably to make several pilgrimages to the Holy Land.
Known as the Mad Monk and the Holy Devil.
The Russo-Japanese War
February 8 1904 - September 5 1905
Rasputin was considered as being a heretic, and an erotomaniac.
Rasputin was the one who convinced Tsar Nicholas to become Commander in Chief of the Russian army. which was a main factor in the deposing of the Tsar, When Rasputin expressed an interest in going to the front to bless the troops early in the war, the Commander-in-Chief, Grand Duke Nicholas, promised to hang him if he dared to show his face. Rasputin then claimed that he had a revelation that the Russian armies would not be successful until the Tsar personally took command.
*Disclaimer, this may or may not be true* Yusupov (one of Rasputin's killers) was believed to be captivated by Rasputin's overpowering sexual magnetism. And since he was also believed to be emotionally unstable, he did not take the rejection well. Therefore it is unknown whether his motive for killing Rasputin was of national hate or a personal vendetta or both.
By Lainie Shandro & Florence Jarrett
January 21 1869 - December 30 1916
on long after his death.
A group of nobles led by Prince Felix Yusupov, the Grand Duke Dmitri Pavlovich, and the right-wing politician Vladimir Purishkevich decided that Rasputin's influence over the Tsarina had made him a threat to the empire, and lured Rasputin to the Yusupovs' Moika Palace. The group led him down to the cellar, where they served him cakes and red wine laced with a large amount of cyanide. According to legend, Rasputin was unaffected, although there had been enough poison to kill five men.
Yusupov became anxious about the possibility that Rasputin might live through the night, leaving them no time to hide the body. Yusupov shot Rasputin, Rasputin fell, and the company left the palace. Yusupov, who had left without a coat, decided to return to get one and he went to check on the body. When he did, Rasputin opened his eyes, lunged at Yusupov, grabbed him and attempted to strangle him. Luckily for Yusupov, the other men arrived and fired at Rasputin, he fell once more. As they neared his body, they found that he was still alive and struggling to get up; they clubbed him into submission. After binding his body and wrapping him in a carpet, they threw him into the Neva River. It is also believed that Rasputin's penis was cut off.
Two days later, Rasputin's body, poisoned, shot four times, badly beaten, and drowned, was found.
Tsarina Alexandra buried Rasputin's body, but after the February Revolution, a group of workers from Saint Petersburg uncovered the remains and burned them. As the body was being burned, Rasputin appeared to sit up in the fire, horrifying bystanders. The effect can probably be attributed to improper cremation; since
the body was in inexperienced hands, the tendons were probably not cut before burning. Consequently, when the body was heated, the tendons shrank, forcing the legs to bend and the body to bend at the waist. This only further fueled the legends and mysteries surrounding Rasputin, which continue to live
The murder of Rasputin has become something of a legend, it is difficult to know what is really true.
The date of Rasputin's death is variously recorded as being either December 17 or 29 1916. Using the Gregorian calendar the initial attempts to kill Rasputin probably began after midnight and he died in the early hours of December 30 1916.
Was "the first great war of the 20th century"
Started because of rival imperial ambitions of the Russian Empire and the Empire of Japan over Manchuria and Korea.
Russia thought because it was European and white, that it would beat the "inferior" Japanese army and navy. Even though Japan had not lost a war in 2000 years.
Japan offered to recognize Russian dominance in Manchuria in exchange for recognition of Korea as a Japanese sphere of influence. Russia refused this, so Japan chose war to counter the Russian aggression in Asia. After discussions broke down in 1904, the Japanese Navy attacked the Russian fleet at Port Arthur, a naval base in the Liaotung province, which led to war.
Russia had ill-equipped and poorly trained armed forces leading to its humiliating defeat, after a series of battles at sea and on land, to the well-trained and disciplined Japanese army
Russians back at home rioted, embarrassed by the fact that they had lost to a "lesser race".
Russia's defeat was met with shock in the West and across the Far East. Japan's prestige rose greatly as it became seen as a modern nation.
Simultaneously, Russia lost virtually its entire Pacific and Baltic fleets, and also much international esteem.
Revolution of 1905 & Bloody Sunday
Bloody Sunday was the name given to the events of January 22 1905 in St Petersburg, where unarmed demonstrators, organised and led by Russian Orthodox priest Georgy Gapon, marched to present a petition to Tsar Nicholas II and were fired upon by soldiers of the Imperial Guard when approaching the city center and the Winter Palace.
The number killed is uncertain but the Tsar's officials recorded 96 dead and 333 injured; anti-government sources claimed more than 4,000 dead; moderate estimates still average around 1,000 killed or wounded.
The Romanov Family
The Tsar referred to Rasputin as "our friend" and a "holy man", a sign of the trust that the family had placed in him.
Rasputin had a considerable personal and political influence on Alexandra, and the Tsar and Tsarina considered him a man of God and a religious prophet. Alexandra came to believe that God spoke to her through Rasputin.
When Rasputin learned of Alexandra's adoration of him, he saw the opportunity to get
She and Rasputin were suspected to be German spies during the war due to the Tsarina being German. This caused the Russian people to distrust the monarchy even more.
extra security since many disliked him. He 'predicted' that if he, Rasputin, was killed the Royal family would not live longer than two years. This frightened Alexandra so much that she made arrangements to have Rasputin at her side at all times. The
irony in this is that 15 months after Rasputin's murder, the entire Royal family was executed.
Nicholas II described the day as "painful and sad".
The October Manifesto was presented to the Tsar on October 14. It granted basic civil rights, allowed the formation of political parties, extended the franchise towards universal suffrage (right for all adults to vote), and established the Duma as the central legislative body. Soviets (unions/councils) were also legalized.
The Revolution of 1905 was a wave of mass political and social unrest that spread through vast areas of the Russian Empire. It included worker strikes, peasant unrest, and military mutinies.
He regretted signing the document, saying that he felt "sick with shame at this betrayal of the dynasty... the betrayal was complete".
The Tsar waited and argued for three days, but finally signed the manifesto on October 30 1905, wanting to avoid a massacre, and realizing that he had an insufficient military force available to do otherwise.
"Anyone bold enough to criticize Rasputin found only condemnation from the Tsarina." -Alexander Guchkov
Though many Russian aristocrats were reportedly obsessed with mysticism, they did not widely accept Rasputin though he fascinated them.
In March 1913 an investigation commissioned on Rasputin to research the allegations that he was participating in illegal and illicit activities. The Tsar was preoccupied with the threat of a scandal, and asked Rasputin to leave for
Siberia. Nicholas ordered his own investigations but did not, however, remove Rasputin from his position of influence.
War ended with the Treaty of Portsmouth on September 5, 1905
Prince Felix Yusupov
Grand Duke Dmitri Pavlovich
Nikolaevna, and Alexei Nikolaevich
Children: Olga, Tatiana, Maria and Anastasia
The February Revolution
The February revolution happened in 1917 and was the first of two Russian revolutions that were to occur that year.
The End of the Tsars
The Romanov family, including their four daughters and their son were shot in Yekaterinburg on July 17 1918.
The execution of the Tsar was carried out by the Ural Soviet. According to some historians, the murder had been ordered in Moscow by Vladimir Lenin to prevent the rescue of the Imperial Family by approaching White forces during the ongoing Russian Civil War.
It lasted under a week and was extremely violent and bloody and ended in the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II. This is significant since it ended over 300 years of Romanov rule.
This revolution involved mass demonstrations and armed clashes between the people of Russia, and the last remaining loyal troops of the Tsar. However these soon turned disastrous since the army began to question the methods and ideas of their leader and turned mutinous against him.
After the Tsar's abdication and house arrest with the rest of the Royal family. A new government was put in place within Russia. The Provisional Government, under the leadership of Georgy Lvov. This government was a temporary plan while elections would be held for a more permanent authority. However this took a lot longer than expected and the Provisional Government lacked the proper experience and power to make any concrete decisions for Russia. This played a huge part in the setting up of Russia's October Revolution.
The Provisional Government was made up of an alliance between the liberals and the socialists who wanted political reform. These socialists also formed the Petrograd Soviet group within the city which appeared to rule beside the Provisional Government. This became known politically as Dual Power.
It happened in March of our calendar, however is often referred to as the 'February Revolution since the Julian calendar, used by the Russians places the event 13 days earlier in late February.
The February revolution was not a planned event and seemed to break out spontaneously and without a direct trigger.
The October Revolution was led by the Bolsheviks who planned and successfully overthrew the Provisional Government, which at that point was being led by Alexander Kerensky. The Bolsheviks were being spear headed mainly by Lenin, however Trotsky was the man who organized and brought together the Bolshevik Red Guard, without whom the revolution would not have been a success for the Bolsheviks.
During this short lasting and inevitable uprising, the Bolsheviks targeted key building within Petrograd, the most famous of which was the Winter Palace.
After the February Revolution, the new Provisional Government took up residence in the north-west corner of the palace. However as October drew nearer, Kerensky realized that the palace may be being targeted by the Bolshevik revolutionaries and therefore the palace was placed under the strictest protection and armed guards were placed at every entrance.
And, on the night of the 25th of October, the Provisional Government barricaded themselves within the palace. They knew they were under attack. And so they were. The Bolsheviks stormed the Palace later that evening, and were easily able to squash what little defense the government had managed to set up (some former Cadet soldiers and 137 soldiers from the Women's Battalion).
The palace was captured within hours and within the day, most of the city had fallen under the command of the Bolsheviks and the Red Army.
The October Revolution resulted in the created of Soviet Russia, the end of the Provisional Government and 'dual power' and the start of the Russian Civil War.
The October Revolution happened in Petrograd, in 1917. It was officially known as the 'Great October Socialist Revolution, however is more commonly referred to as the "October Revolution", "Red October", the "October uprising' or the 'Bolshevik Revolution'.
The October Revolution
Grigori Rasputin, Major General Putyatin and Colonel Lotman