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Ethiopia

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Tiffany Bordner

on 7 April 2016

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Transcript of Ethiopia

Federal Democratic Republic

Addis Ababa is Ethiopia's capital

Prime Minister is head of the government

Strong Military

Divided into 9 regions that have the power to spend
their own money
Tribal History
European Colonization
Effects of Colonialism
Society & Culture
Physical Geography
Current Events & Today's Problems
How to Greet People in Ethiopia
Food in Ethiopia
Tiffany's Choice
www.africa.com
Ethiopia is one of the oldest human sites ever found.
Religion
Ethiopia is 2/3 Christian and 1/3 Muslim

Christianity is considered the country's religion, and it was named so in the 4th century

Ethiopia is home to the first hijra in Islamic history

It houses the oldest Muslim settlement in Africa

Ethiopia had a large number of the Jewish until 1980
Music
Popular Music:

Reggae

Hip hop

Folk Music
Economy
Biggest economy in East Africa

One of the best hydro-electric
dams

Poverty is still an issue
Geography
435,071 square miles
the worlds 27th largest country
major portion of Ethiopia- Horn of Africa
Sudan borders to the West
Djibouti and Eritrea borders to the North
Somalia borders to the East
Kenya borders to the South
D'mt (tribe)
Effect of
Colonialism
A civilization in 8th century BC

Native African civilization

Had own language called Ge'ez

Fell in the 4th century BC
Ethiopia was one of the few countries that were independent
One of the four members of the League of Nations
After a brief period of Italian occupation, Ethiopia became apart of the United Nations
In 316 AD Christian philosopher Meropius set sail to
Ethiopia

Meropius was from Tyre (Greece)

Washed up on a shore, tribal peoples killed all the men except two

The two converted the Queen to Christianity
First Attempt of Colonization
Unification & Independence
Italy also tried to take over Ethiopia in
1936-1941. This was lead by Haile Selassie

Within the country, there was guerrilla
warfare.

Finally, Haile Selassie reign came to an end,
and Ethiopia became independent once
again.
www.africa.com
good.lib.umich.edu
slightly less than twice the size of Texas
www.africa.com
wanted a higher education
Fun Facts
Famous for winning a lot of Olympic
medals

Ethiopia has own alphabet & calendar

Their calendar is 7-8 years behind our calendar.
oldest country independent county in Africa
was greatly cut off by European Christendom
Portuguese established contact with Ethiopia in 1493
Century of conflict between pro- and anti-Catholic factions in the 1630's.
Unification & Independence Cont.
This period of bitter religious conflict contributed to hostility toward foreign Christians and Europeans
a factor in Ethiopia's isolation until the mid-19th century
Wide variety of landscapes
from waterfalls to volcanoes

highest mountains to lowest points on Earth

Largest cave in Africa
www.africa.com
Persisted all the to the 20 century
Climate
Tropical monsoon

Dry and wet seasons
The Government of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia was installed in August 1995
Unification & Independence
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Demographics of Ethiopia
Demographic of Ethiopia Today
Ethiopia's population has grown from 33.5 million in 1983 to 75.1 million in 2006
In June 2011, the Ethiopian parliament officially designated five groups as terrorist organizations.

Some include:

OLF

Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF)
Most of its people speak an Afro-Asiatic language,
80 different ethnic groups within Ethiopia
Mortality Rates
Terrorism in Ethiopia
www.cia.gov
91,195,675 people live in Ethiopia
Crisis of 1974-1994
Maternal mortality rate:
350 deaths/100,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 56.56 year
Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
34.6% (2005)
Infant mortality rate:
60.9 deaths/1,000 live births
Maternal mortality rate:
350 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Hard time for Ethiopia

Crop suffering
Uprisings
drought
refugee problems
famines
guerrilla warfare

Thousands were killed from the red terror, which was forced deportations and the use of hunger as a weapon. Around 1 million people died.

Finally, the government withdrew and a new one began.
Demographic Cont. 2
Ethiopian-Eritrean War
Population growth rate:
2.9% (2012 est.)
Religions:
Orthodox 43.5%, Muslim 33.9%, Protestant 18.6%, traditional 2.6%, Catholic 0.7%, other 0.7% (2007 Census)
Major cities - population:
Addis Ababa- (capital) 2.863 million (2009)
Started because of border dispute

Eritrea had just won their independence from Ethiopia by voting

1998-2000

Hurt Ethiopian economy a little bit

Strengthened the ruling coalition
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Top Tens
Top 10 Nut Producing Countries:
1. Mexico
2. Indonesia

4. China
5. Australia
6. Azerbaijan
7. Russia
8. Guatemala
9. Thailand
10. Portugal
Today's Health
3. Ethiopia
Top Tens
Ethiopia is short on doctors

Most common health problems are communicable diseases.

They are caused by malnutrition and sanitary
issues.
Top 10 Timber Producing Countries
1. USA
2. Brazil
3. Canada
4. Russia
5. China

7. Nigeria
8. Dem Rep. of Congo
9. Sweden
10. Finland
Education
6. Ethiopia
Top Tens
Top 10 Beehive Countries
Children go through:
6 years of primary school
4 years of low secondary school
2 years high secondary school

Around half the population of Ethiopia is
illiterate.
1. China
2. Turkey

4. Russia
5. Iran
6. Argentina
7. Tanzania
8. USA
9. Kenya
10. Spain
3. Ethiopia
Popular dishes include:

Vegetable or meat dishes

Wat, a thick stew served on top
of injera, a sough dough bread

When eating, do not use utensils, use ingera to scoop up your soup.
Ethiopians do not eat pork or shellfish , because it is forbidden in many of their religions.
In Ethiopia, don't be a germaphobe!

People eating together often eat from the same bowl.
Top Tens
Top 10 Cattle Countries
1. Brazil
2. India
3. China
4. USA
5. Argentina

7. Sudan
8. Mexico
9. Australia
10. Colombia
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6. Ethiopia
Top Tens
Top 10 Horse Countries
1. China
2. Mexico
3. Brazil
4. USA
5. Argentina
6. Colombia

8. Russia
10. Kazakhstan
7. Ethiopia
Top Tens
The 10 Most Undernourished Countries
1. Eritrea 73%
2. Dem. Rep. of Congo 72%
3. Burundi 67%
4. Comoros 62%
5. Tajikistan 61%
6. Sierra Leone 50%
7. Haiti 47%
= Zambia 47%

10. Central African Republic 45%
= Mozambique 45%
=Zimbabwe 45%
Language
9. Ethiopia 46%
Ethiopia is one of the few African countries to have their own alphabet

They also have 48 indigenous languages

Some languages include:
Afar
Konso
Sidamo
Silt'e
The main foreign language learned in schools is English
Top Tens
Top 10 Countries with the Most Births
1. India
2. China
3. Nigeria
4. Pakistan
5. Indonesia
6. Bangladesh
7. USA
8. Brazil

10.Dem Rep. of Congo
Another Attempt
Step 1
Ask about the person's health and family.

They will reply that all is well, even if it is not.

This is kind of like asking "how are you?"
www.everything2.com
Step 2
Bow to the person you are greeting

You bow lower depending on your respect to the person

Children bow and kiss the ground when greeting their parents
Step 3
Ask about their crops, family, animals, and any other personal information that you would want to know.

You have now met an Ethiopian person!
Other Common Gestures
Handshakes

Kissing
For people you have just met, on the cheek
For relatives, on the mouth
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Top Tens
Top 10 Countries with the Highest Marriage Rate
1. Barbados
2. Vietnam

4. Seychelles
5. Jordan
6. Iran
7. Algeria
8. Mauritius
9.USA
10. Jamaica
3. Ethiopia
Top Tens
The 10 Countries with the Most Deaths From Natural Disasters
1. China
2. India
3. Soviet Union
4. Bangladesh

6.Indonesia
7.Japan
8. Uganda
9.Niger
10.Pakistan
5. Ethiopia
9. Ethipoia
Top Tens
Top 10 Least Fat Consumers
1. Burundi
2. Rwanda

4.Bangladesh
5.Dem. Rep. of Congo
6. Laos
7. Madagascar
8. Zambia
9. Eritrea (30 gram)
10. Mozambique
3.Ethiopia
There is also evidence of a Semitic-speaking civilization in Ethiopia
www.africa.com
Today's Prime Minister
Hailemariam Desalegn is Ethiopia's prime minister

He has been so for three months

He wants to move the country forward and stop the Ethiopian-Eritrean land disputes that are still going on
www.africa.com
www.ethiomedia.com
Government
www.africa.com
Ethiopia
by

&

12/11/12
2nd Hour

Goodbye, and thanks for watching!
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Aids in Ethiopia
HIV and Aids in Ethiopia
An estimated 1.2 million Ethiopians live with HIV/AIDS
Ethiopia received $930.3 million to support comprehensive HIV/AIDS prevention
http://www.pepfar.gov
Ethiopia on
@EventsEthiopia
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Africa.com
www.cia.gov
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Sharing is Caring!
Religon Forbids
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Geography 2
Full transcript