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Tiffany Bordner

on 7 April 2016

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Transcript of Ethiopia

Federal Democratic Republic

Addis Ababa is Ethiopia's capital

Prime Minister is head of the government

Strong Military

Divided into 9 regions that have the power to spend
their own money
Tribal History
European Colonization
Effects of Colonialism
Society & Culture
Physical Geography
Current Events & Today's Problems
How to Greet People in Ethiopia
Food in Ethiopia
Tiffany's Choice
Ethiopia is one of the oldest human sites ever found.
Ethiopia is 2/3 Christian and 1/3 Muslim

Christianity is considered the country's religion, and it was named so in the 4th century

Ethiopia is home to the first hijra in Islamic history

It houses the oldest Muslim settlement in Africa

Ethiopia had a large number of the Jewish until 1980
Popular Music:


Hip hop

Folk Music
Biggest economy in East Africa

One of the best hydro-electric

Poverty is still an issue
435,071 square miles
the worlds 27th largest country
major portion of Ethiopia- Horn of Africa
Sudan borders to the West
Djibouti and Eritrea borders to the North
Somalia borders to the East
Kenya borders to the South
D'mt (tribe)
Effect of
A civilization in 8th century BC

Native African civilization

Had own language called Ge'ez

Fell in the 4th century BC
Ethiopia was one of the few countries that were independent
One of the four members of the League of Nations
After a brief period of Italian occupation, Ethiopia became apart of the United Nations
In 316 AD Christian philosopher Meropius set sail to

Meropius was from Tyre (Greece)

Washed up on a shore, tribal peoples killed all the men except two

The two converted the Queen to Christianity
First Attempt of Colonization
Unification & Independence
Italy also tried to take over Ethiopia in
1936-1941. This was lead by Haile Selassie

Within the country, there was guerrilla

Finally, Haile Selassie reign came to an end,
and Ethiopia became independent once
slightly less than twice the size of Texas
wanted a higher education
Fun Facts
Famous for winning a lot of Olympic

Ethiopia has own alphabet & calendar

Their calendar is 7-8 years behind our calendar.
oldest country independent county in Africa
was greatly cut off by European Christendom
Portuguese established contact with Ethiopia in 1493
Century of conflict between pro- and anti-Catholic factions in the 1630's.
Unification & Independence Cont.
This period of bitter religious conflict contributed to hostility toward foreign Christians and Europeans
a factor in Ethiopia's isolation until the mid-19th century
Wide variety of landscapes
from waterfalls to volcanoes

highest mountains to lowest points on Earth

Largest cave in Africa
Persisted all the to the 20 century
Tropical monsoon

Dry and wet seasons
The Government of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia was installed in August 1995
Unification & Independence
Demographics of Ethiopia
Demographic of Ethiopia Today
Ethiopia's population has grown from 33.5 million in 1983 to 75.1 million in 2006
In June 2011, the Ethiopian parliament officially designated five groups as terrorist organizations.

Some include:


Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF)
Most of its people speak an Afro-Asiatic language,
80 different ethnic groups within Ethiopia
Mortality Rates
Terrorism in Ethiopia
91,195,675 people live in Ethiopia
Crisis of 1974-1994
Maternal mortality rate:
350 deaths/100,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 56.56 year
Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
34.6% (2005)
Infant mortality rate:
60.9 deaths/1,000 live births
Maternal mortality rate:
350 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Hard time for Ethiopia

Crop suffering
refugee problems
guerrilla warfare

Thousands were killed from the red terror, which was forced deportations and the use of hunger as a weapon. Around 1 million people died.

Finally, the government withdrew and a new one began.
Demographic Cont. 2
Ethiopian-Eritrean War
Population growth rate:
2.9% (2012 est.)
Orthodox 43.5%, Muslim 33.9%, Protestant 18.6%, traditional 2.6%, Catholic 0.7%, other 0.7% (2007 Census)
Major cities - population:
Addis Ababa- (capital) 2.863 million (2009)
Started because of border dispute

Eritrea had just won their independence from Ethiopia by voting


Hurt Ethiopian economy a little bit

Strengthened the ruling coalition
Top Tens
Top 10 Nut Producing Countries:
1. Mexico
2. Indonesia

4. China
5. Australia
6. Azerbaijan
7. Russia
8. Guatemala
9. Thailand
10. Portugal
Today's Health
3. Ethiopia
Top Tens
Ethiopia is short on doctors

Most common health problems are communicable diseases.

They are caused by malnutrition and sanitary
Top 10 Timber Producing Countries
1. USA
2. Brazil
3. Canada
4. Russia
5. China

7. Nigeria
8. Dem Rep. of Congo
9. Sweden
10. Finland
6. Ethiopia
Top Tens
Top 10 Beehive Countries
Children go through:
6 years of primary school
4 years of low secondary school
2 years high secondary school

Around half the population of Ethiopia is
1. China
2. Turkey

4. Russia
5. Iran
6. Argentina
7. Tanzania
8. USA
9. Kenya
10. Spain
3. Ethiopia
Popular dishes include:

Vegetable or meat dishes

Wat, a thick stew served on top
of injera, a sough dough bread

When eating, do not use utensils, use ingera to scoop up your soup.
Ethiopians do not eat pork or shellfish , because it is forbidden in many of their religions.
In Ethiopia, don't be a germaphobe!

People eating together often eat from the same bowl.
Top Tens
Top 10 Cattle Countries
1. Brazil
2. India
3. China
4. USA
5. Argentina

7. Sudan
8. Mexico
9. Australia
10. Colombia
6. Ethiopia
Top Tens
Top 10 Horse Countries
1. China
2. Mexico
3. Brazil
4. USA
5. Argentina
6. Colombia

8. Russia
10. Kazakhstan
7. Ethiopia
Top Tens
The 10 Most Undernourished Countries
1. Eritrea 73%
2. Dem. Rep. of Congo 72%
3. Burundi 67%
4. Comoros 62%
5. Tajikistan 61%
6. Sierra Leone 50%
7. Haiti 47%
= Zambia 47%

10. Central African Republic 45%
= Mozambique 45%
=Zimbabwe 45%
9. Ethiopia 46%
Ethiopia is one of the few African countries to have their own alphabet

They also have 48 indigenous languages

Some languages include:
The main foreign language learned in schools is English
Top Tens
Top 10 Countries with the Most Births
1. India
2. China
3. Nigeria
4. Pakistan
5. Indonesia
6. Bangladesh
7. USA
8. Brazil

10.Dem Rep. of Congo
Another Attempt
Step 1
Ask about the person's health and family.

They will reply that all is well, even if it is not.

This is kind of like asking "how are you?"
Step 2
Bow to the person you are greeting

You bow lower depending on your respect to the person

Children bow and kiss the ground when greeting their parents
Step 3
Ask about their crops, family, animals, and any other personal information that you would want to know.

You have now met an Ethiopian person!
Other Common Gestures

For people you have just met, on the cheek
For relatives, on the mouth
Top Tens
Top 10 Countries with the Highest Marriage Rate
1. Barbados
2. Vietnam

4. Seychelles
5. Jordan
6. Iran
7. Algeria
8. Mauritius
10. Jamaica
3. Ethiopia
Top Tens
The 10 Countries with the Most Deaths From Natural Disasters
1. China
2. India
3. Soviet Union
4. Bangladesh

8. Uganda
5. Ethiopia
9. Ethipoia
Top Tens
Top 10 Least Fat Consumers
1. Burundi
2. Rwanda

5.Dem. Rep. of Congo
6. Laos
7. Madagascar
8. Zambia
9. Eritrea (30 gram)
10. Mozambique
There is also evidence of a Semitic-speaking civilization in Ethiopia
Today's Prime Minister
Hailemariam Desalegn is Ethiopia's prime minister

He has been so for three months

He wants to move the country forward and stop the Ethiopian-Eritrean land disputes that are still going on


2nd Hour

Goodbye, and thanks for watching!
Aids in Ethiopia
HIV and Aids in Ethiopia
An estimated 1.2 million Ethiopians live with HIV/AIDS
Ethiopia received $930.3 million to support comprehensive HIV/AIDS prevention
Ethiopia on
Sharing is Caring!
Religon Forbids
Geography 2
Full transcript