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Transcript of Ethiopia
Addis Ababa is Ethiopia's capital
Prime Minister is head of the government
Divided into 9 regions that have the power to spend
their own money
Effects of Colonialism
Society & Culture
Current Events & Today's Problems
How to Greet People in Ethiopia
Food in Ethiopia
Ethiopia is one of the oldest human sites ever found.
Ethiopia is 2/3 Christian and 1/3 Muslim
Christianity is considered the country's religion, and it was named so in the 4th century
Ethiopia is home to the first hijra in Islamic history
It houses the oldest Muslim settlement in Africa
Ethiopia had a large number of the Jewish until 1980
Biggest economy in East Africa
One of the best hydro-electric
Poverty is still an issue
435,071 square miles
the worlds 27th largest country
major portion of Ethiopia- Horn of Africa
Sudan borders to the West
Djibouti and Eritrea borders to the North
Somalia borders to the East
Kenya borders to the South
A civilization in 8th century BC
Native African civilization
Had own language called Ge'ez
Fell in the 4th century BC
Ethiopia was one of the few countries that were independent
One of the four members of the League of Nations
After a brief period of Italian occupation, Ethiopia became apart of the United Nations
In 316 AD Christian philosopher Meropius set sail to
Meropius was from Tyre (Greece)
Washed up on a shore, tribal peoples killed all the men except two
The two converted the Queen to Christianity
First Attempt of Colonization
Unification & Independence
Italy also tried to take over Ethiopia in
1936-1941. This was lead by Haile Selassie
Within the country, there was guerrilla
Finally, Haile Selassie reign came to an end,
and Ethiopia became independent once
slightly less than twice the size of Texas
wanted a higher education
Famous for winning a lot of Olympic
Ethiopia has own alphabet & calendar
Their calendar is 7-8 years behind our calendar.
oldest country independent county in Africa
was greatly cut off by European Christendom
Portuguese established contact with Ethiopia in 1493
Century of conflict between pro- and anti-Catholic factions in the 1630's.
Unification & Independence Cont.
This period of bitter religious conflict contributed to hostility toward foreign Christians and Europeans
a factor in Ethiopia's isolation until the mid-19th century
Wide variety of landscapes
from waterfalls to volcanoes
highest mountains to lowest points on Earth
Largest cave in Africa
Persisted all the to the 20 century
Dry and wet seasons
The Government of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia was installed in August 1995
Unification & Independence
Demographics of Ethiopia
Demographic of Ethiopia Today
Ethiopia's population has grown from 33.5 million in 1983 to 75.1 million in 2006
In June 2011, the Ethiopian parliament officially designated five groups as terrorist organizations.
Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF)
Most of its people speak an Afro-Asiatic language,
80 different ethnic groups within Ethiopia
Terrorism in Ethiopia
91,195,675 people live in Ethiopia
Crisis of 1974-1994
Maternal mortality rate:
350 deaths/100,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 56.56 year
Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
Infant mortality rate:
60.9 deaths/1,000 live births
Maternal mortality rate:
350 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Hard time for Ethiopia
Thousands were killed from the red terror, which was forced deportations and the use of hunger as a weapon. Around 1 million people died.
Finally, the government withdrew and a new one began.
Demographic Cont. 2
Population growth rate:
2.9% (2012 est.)
Orthodox 43.5%, Muslim 33.9%, Protestant 18.6%, traditional 2.6%, Catholic 0.7%, other 0.7% (2007 Census)
Major cities - population:
Addis Ababa- (capital) 2.863 million (2009)
Started because of border dispute
Eritrea had just won their independence from Ethiopia by voting
Hurt Ethiopian economy a little bit
Strengthened the ruling coalition
Top 10 Nut Producing Countries:
Ethiopia is short on doctors
Most common health problems are communicable diseases.
They are caused by malnutrition and sanitary
Top 10 Timber Producing Countries
8. Dem Rep. of Congo
Top 10 Beehive Countries
Children go through:
6 years of primary school
4 years of low secondary school
2 years high secondary school
Around half the population of Ethiopia is
Popular dishes include:
Vegetable or meat dishes
Wat, a thick stew served on top
of injera, a sough dough bread
When eating, do not use utensils, use ingera to scoop up your soup.
Ethiopians do not eat pork or shellfish , because it is forbidden in many of their religions.
In Ethiopia, don't be a germaphobe!
People eating together often eat from the same bowl.
Top 10 Cattle Countries
Top 10 Horse Countries
The 10 Most Undernourished Countries
1. Eritrea 73%
2. Dem. Rep. of Congo 72%
3. Burundi 67%
4. Comoros 62%
5. Tajikistan 61%
6. Sierra Leone 50%
7. Haiti 47%
= Zambia 47%
10. Central African Republic 45%
= Mozambique 45%
9. Ethiopia 46%
Ethiopia is one of the few African countries to have their own alphabet
They also have 48 indigenous languages
Some languages include:
The main foreign language learned in schools is English
Top 10 Countries with the Most Births
10.Dem Rep. of Congo
Ask about the person's health and family.
They will reply that all is well, even if it is not.
This is kind of like asking "how are you?"
Bow to the person you are greeting
You bow lower depending on your respect to the person
Children bow and kiss the ground when greeting their parents
Ask about their crops, family, animals, and any other personal information that you would want to know.
You have now met an Ethiopian person!
Other Common Gestures
For people you have just met, on the cheek
For relatives, on the mouth
Top 10 Countries with the Highest Marriage Rate
The 10 Countries with the Most Deaths From Natural Disasters
3. Soviet Union
Top 10 Least Fat Consumers
5.Dem. Rep. of Congo
9. Eritrea (30 gram)
There is also evidence of a Semitic-speaking civilization in Ethiopia
Today's Prime Minister
Hailemariam Desalegn is Ethiopia's prime minister
He has been so for three months
He wants to move the country forward and stop the Ethiopian-Eritrean land disputes that are still going on
Goodbye, and thanks for watching!
Aids in Ethiopia
HIV and Aids in Ethiopia
An estimated 1.2 million Ethiopians live with HIV/AIDS
Ethiopia received $930.3 million to support comprehensive HIV/AIDS prevention
Sharing is Caring!