Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Introduction to GIS.

No description
by

ANNA SOBIEWSKA

on 27 June 2014

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Introduction to GIS.

Hardware
GIS is :
Science,
Technology,
Discipline
and
Applied problem solving methodology.
GIS
in
Action

Business
Health and Human Services
Natural Resources
Utilities and
Communications
Four components of GIS
Public Safety
Transportation
For utility and communication companies, GIS provides a common platform to access business data, manage assets, update network information, integrate work orders, find customer information, and prepare reports.
https://www.npms.phmsa.dot.gov/PublicViewer/composite.jsf
Natural resource managers rely on the analytical power of GIS for help in making critical decisions how manage the earth's resources.
http://www.esri.com/industries/health/geomedicine/map
Public health organizations rely on GIS to help in making decisions that influence population health. With powerful analysis tools and integrated workforce solutions, organizations can better grasp community health needs and design effective interventions.
A map contains a set of layers for a common geographic area
All elements in the map layer have a specific geographic location
One method for describing the position of a geographic location on the earth's surface is using spherical measures of latitude and longitude.
An address is a collection of information, presented in a mostly fixed format, used for describing the location of a building, apartment, or other structure or a plot of land, generally using political boundaries and street names as references, along with other identifiers such as house or apartment numbers
MAP
TECHNOLOGY
GIS
Desktop
Server
GPS
Laptop
Cell Phone
Tablet
Relationships
Producing
new information
as a result of user manipulation and interaction with spatial data.
GIS links spatial and tabular data and
enables the user to perform spatial analysis,
visualize patterns,
relationships
and trends

Trends
Today, law enforcement agencies face new tasks and challenges. To address these ever-expanding responsibilities, GIS can help leverage the massive amounts of location-based data collected each day to create actionable intelligence you can use and share.
GIS for Transportation has been used for diverse purposes:
Modeling travel demand 20 years in the future
Tracking a snowplow
Analyzing the annual capital improvement plans
Identifying noise regulation violations around airports
Improving transit service throughout rejuvenated urban centers
Planning scenic byways in recreational areas
Business owners by merging demographic and business data, detailed maps, advanced spatial analytics, and their own data, they can make more accurate decisions about business operations, including how best to engage customers and create a more profitable marketplace.
http://www.crimemapping.com/map/ca/modesto
QUESTIONS ?
Anna Sobiewska



400 Worcester Road ,Framingham, MA 01702-5399

Geographic information systems allow us to do things with digital representations that we were never able to do with paper maps

measure accurately and quickly
overlay and combine multiple layers of data
change scale, zoom, and pan without respect to map sheet boundaries
DEFINITION
A SYSTEM OF HARDWARE, SOFTWARE AND PROCEDURES TO FACILITATE THE MANAGEMENT,
MANIPULATION, ANALYSIS, MODELING, AND DISPLAY OF THE GEOREFERENCED DATA TO SOLVE COMPLEX PROBLEMS REGARDING PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT OF RESOURCES.
Software
Data
Users

Skills:
UTILIZE GIS SOFTWARE
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
DATABASE ADMINISTRATION
PROGRAMMING
GEOGRAPHY
STATISTICS
ART
CUSTOMER SERVICE

DATA + LOCATION = GEOSPATIAL DATA
Place or location is essential in GIS. It is a base for benefits of GIS. It enables to map and link different types of information because they refer to the same place, measure distances and areas.

GIS

is a
tool
to
manage
,
analyze
and
display
spatial
information
on the computer
G I S
Geographic Information Systems
What GIS does

Thematical
Physical Map
Climate/Weather Map
Topographical Map
Political Map
Colors, symbols, and labels represent features found on the ground.

Provides information on the existence, location of,
and distance between ground features, such as populated places and
routes of travel and communication. It also indicates variations in terrain,
heights of natural features, and extent of vegetation cover.


A map is a visual representation of an area.
MITIGATION
PREPAREDENESS
RESPONSE
RECOVERY
GIS
IN
EMERGENCY
MANAGEMENT

Patterns
http://hint.fm/wind/

Analysis
Relationships
DISASTER
PLANNED EVENT
Map making technology.
Location
Attributes
Attributes refer to descriptive information.
Geospatial data has two components
GIS RESOURCES
MassGIS
OLIVER
FEMA
GEOPLATFORM
MEMA
ArcGIS Online
POWER OF GIS
GIS
GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS

It is a tool to manage, analyze and display spatial information on the computer
It helps to make a better decisions
WHAT GIS IS
Geocoding is the process of finding associated geographic coordinates
(often expressed as latitude and longitude) from other geographic data, such as
street addresses, or ZIP codes (postal codes). With geographic coordinates the
features can be mapped and entered into Geographic Information Systems,
or the coordinates can be embedded into media such as digital photographs via geotagging.

Reverse geocoding is the opposite: finding an associated textual location
such as a street address, from geographic coordinates.

Davenport Flood Model
GEOSPATIAL DATA
DATA TYPES
DATA COMPONENTS
GEOCODING
Geospatial data is the information that identifies the geographic location and characteristics
of natural or constructed features and boundaries on the earth
118th Boston Marathon
Boston Marathon, New England’s largest sporting event

Thirty-six thousand (36,000) registered runners
26.2 mile course
8 communities ( starts in Hopkinton and passes through Ashland, Framingham, Natick, Wellesley,
Newton and Brookline before reaching the finish line on Boylston Street in Boston)
1,000,000 spectators

Race-Day Operations
On April 21st, emergency operations centers (EOCs) and/or command posts
(CPs) were operational in all eight cities and towns that host the Marathon. Additionally, a number of agencies stood up tactical operations/coordination centers, including;


MSP
MBTA Transit Police Department
Massachusetts National Guard (MANG)
FBI
Massachusetts Department of Public Health (MDPH)
Boston Medical Intelligence Center
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
Boston Police Department, Boston Fire Department
Boston Emergency Medical Services

A Multi-Agency Coordination Center (
MACC
) connected all of these EOCs, command posts and operations/coordination centers to provide public safety coordination and resource support across the eight cities and towns that host the Marathon.

COMMON OPERATING PICTURE
Runners feed
Two layers
Chip Mat (11 mats located every 5k and one at 13.1 mile)
Runners Density

Runners live feed was crated in collaboration between
BAA (Boston Athletic Association) and ESRI.

Collector
Four layers
3 leading cars
1 tail cars

We used Collector Application in order to track locations of the Mass State Police vehicles escorting the lead male runner, lead female runner and lead wheelchair participant, and the location of the tail vehicle. The data was available in real-time on interactive Web Mapping Application.

WebEOC Integration
Significant Events
Medical Stations Status
(how many individuals has been transported)
Shelters Status (Open, Closed and Full)
Transportation Events


Operational Dashboard
Operational Dashboard was design to provide Executive staff with comprehensive Common Operating Picture
Maps
Mapping and analyzing
hazards of all types and
visualize their potential impacts

SLOSH Model
FEMA Flood maps
Sea Level Rise and Coastal Flooding Impacts
Social Vulnerability

http://www.mass.gov/eopss/agencies/mema/hurricane-inundation-maps.html

http://csc.noaa.gov/slr/viewer/

http://svi.cdc.gov/map.aspx

Designing comprehensive disaster management systems to serve the information needs of emergency management personnel under various
disaster scenarios
Evacuation zones
Evacuation routes
Shelters location
http://fema.maps.arcgis.com/home/webmap/viewer.html?webmap=5fbae2d43d354ecbbc3070a623762ec6

http://mema.maryland.gov/Pages/PowerOutagesData.aspx

Supporting incident management operation needs and maintain continuity of operations for the community. Acquiring, managing, and maintaining status of resources from various locations.

Mapping and providing a central information
repository for assessment of damage and losses.


Search and rescue
Shelters status
Hospital Status
Transportation Status
Maps

Weather
Gas Stations status
Power Outages
Resources
http://memamaps.maps.arcgis.com/apps/OnePane/basicviewer/index.html?appid=72fc289a98ea4ec8a4bfab95d8236a00
http://www.mass.gov/eopss/agencies/mema/hurricane-evacuation-zones.html
http://dtdapps.coloradodot.info/bike#legend

http://storymaps.esri.com/stories/2013/ShaleGas/
http://storymaps.esri.com/stories/diabetes/
http://www.npr.org/2012/07/18/156989764/interactive-mapping-the-u-s-drought
https://www.census.gov/censusexplorer/censusexplorer-popest.html
http://csc.noaa.gov/hurricanes/#app=8380&81d2-selectedIndex=0
http://www.sacbee.com/2011/07/27/3798480/interactive-map-a-history-of-wildfires.html
MassEMA
Massachusetts Emergency Management Mapping Platform
http://memamaps.maps.arcgis.com/apps/OnePane/basicviewer/index.html?appid=72fc289a98ea4ec8a4bfab95d8236a00
Full transcript