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Maxim of quantity demands the speaker’s contribution informa
Transcript of Maxim of quantity demands the speaker’s contribution informa
B: “The car was broken down”
In the example, B gives the truth that his car was broken down so that he came late.
Example of disobeying / violation:
A: “The Teheran’s in Turkey, isn’t teacher?”
B: “And London’s in America I suppose.”
In the example, B’s reply is supposed to suggest that A is incorrect and B violates the maxim of quality
Maxim of Manner
requires the speaker to avoid obscurity of expression and ambiguity. Maxim of manner demands the speaker to be brief and orderly. Below are the examples of utterance that obeys the maxim of manner and that one violates the maxim.
Maxim of quantity
demands the speaker’s contribution informative as is required and no more informative than is required. Below are the examples of an utterance that obeys the maxim of quantity and one that violates the maxim.
A: “Where are you going?”
B: “I’m going to the post office.”
In the example, B gives comments to A’s statement without adding other information
Example of disobeying / violation:
A: “Are you going to work tomorrow?”
B: “I am on jury duty, but I’ll have to go to the doctor in the evening. I have asked the manager for permission”
In this example, B’s reply violates maxim of quantity because B does not give information as required by A, i.e. yes or no. Instead, B gives more information which is not required or expected at all.
Maxim of relevance
required the speaker to be relevant. Below are the examples of utterance that obeys the maxim of relevance and that one violates the maxim.
A: “Where is my box of chocolates?”
B: “It is in your room.”
In the example, B’s reply relates to the question, not talking about something else. Example of disobeying / violation
A: “Where’s my box of chocolates?”
B: “I don’t know mine either.”
In the example B’s answer is not relevant to A’s question. B says something else which is not about A’s problem at all.
Maxim of quality
requires the speaker not to say what is believed to be false and for which the speaker lacks adequate evidence. Below are the examples of the utterance that obeys the maxim of quality and that one violates the maxim.
A: Where was Alfred yesterday?
B: Alfred went to the store and bought some whiskey.
In the example, B’s answer obeys the manner maxim: be orderly, because she gives a clear explanation where A was.
A: Why was he arrested?
B: He stole the money from the bank.
In the example B’s statement is ambiguous. It can be interpreted that B didn’t steal the money which is stored in he bank. He had gone the bank first and he stole the money in another place. Another interpretation is that he stole the money stored in the bank. He got the money by robbing the bank.
“They asked us considerable many questions; wanted to know what we covered up the raft that way for, and laid by in the daytime instead of running—was jim a runaway nigger? Says I:
“Goodness sakes! Would a runaway nigger run south?” “ (Pg. 114)
Upon meeting the Duke and Dauphin, who question about Jim, Huck again violates the maxim of quality by telling a tale about how he was orphaned and must travel by night with Jim because many people thought he was a runaway. Although a complete lie, Huck again violates this maxim to protect Jim.
“Oh, dear, dear, to think they ain’t ever going to see each other any more!”
“But they will—and inside of two weeks—and I know it!” “ (pg. 167)
Huck, seeing Mary Jane hurt by separating the slave family, cautiously comforts her by telling that they will be reunited. However, he follows the maxim of quality and only tells her as much as necessary, while also making her promise not to tell, in order to protect Jim by giving them time to escape.