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Child Development

Teachback on Chapter 9: Cognitive Development in Middle Childhood
by

Sasha Pangelinan

on 14 May 2013

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Transcript of Child Development

Chapter 9: Cognitive Development in Early Childhood Rapid advances in: marks the beginning of Dual Representation Sociodramatic Play Supports many aspects of cognitive and social development. Correspond to circumstances in the REAL WORLD Aside from representation, Piaget described preschoolers in terms of deficits rather than strengths because...?? which contributes to animistic thinking, centration, and irreversibility. Cause preschoolers to fail conservation and hierarchical classification tasks. recognizes situational and cultural variations in adult support of children's efforts Private Speech or "language" used for self-guidance, emerges out of social communication. Intersubjectivity &
Scaffolding Guided participation There are two features of social interaction that promotes transfer of cognitive processes to children. Sociological Theory ????? eventually, private speech is internalized as inner , verbal thought. Information Processing Also improves, though on tasks with several steps that are often systematic. Planning Episodic Memory Young children's recognition memory is remarkably accurate. Or memory for everyday experiences, improves greatly in early childhood. Memory Strategies Or thinking about thought. From age 4 and on, they realize that both poor
&
less active Theory When children try out various strategies to solve challenging problems, gradually selecting those that result in rapid, accurate solutions? Metacognition & Can influence behavior, in that they pass verbal false-belief tasks. Ordinality Phonological awareness Emergent Literacy Strongly predicts emergent literacy and later reading and spelling achievement. A number indicating position in a series or order. Cardinality By age 3 to 4, they grasp the principle of Child-centered programs Academic Programs Project Head Start Individual Differences in Mental Development Children growing up in warm stimulating homes with parents who make reasonable demands for mature behavior score higher on mental test. Home environment plays a major role in the poorer intellectual performance of low-SES children in comparison to their higher-SES peers. and other academic skills through formal lessons, often using and . Recasts
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Expansions Pragmatics The development of vocabulary, grammar, and conversational skills in early childhood. Some experts believe that grammar is a product of general cognitive development. Children engage in Overregularize Review Fast Mapping Supported by fast mapping, preschooler's vocabularies increase dramatically. By the end of the preschool years, children have acquired a wide variety of complex grammatical forms. Mutual exclusivity bias and syntactic bootstrapping Preschoolers figure out word meanings from a coalition of cues - perceptual, social, and linguistic - which shift in importance with age. Semantic Bootstrapping rely on word meanings to figure out grammatical rules. By age 4, they adapt their language to social expectations. Correct errors + expansion =
improved language development Language Development Activity Get the picture What do you expect from this chapter? Q-2
NORMS S tudent L earning O utcomes 1. Understand the differences between Piaget's Theory (The Preoperational Stage) and Vygotsky's Sociocultural Theory 2. Identify information processing strategies. 3. Recognize individual difference in mental development. 4. Understand how YOU can assist with language development.
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