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Transcript of Child Development
Scaffolding Guided participation There are two features of social interaction that promotes transfer of cognitive processes to children. Sociological Theory ????? eventually, private speech is internalized as inner , verbal thought. Information Processing Also improves, though on tasks with several steps that are often systematic. Planning Episodic Memory Young children's recognition memory is remarkably accurate. Or memory for everyday experiences, improves greatly in early childhood. Memory Strategies Or thinking about thought. From age 4 and on, they realize that both poor
less active Theory When children try out various strategies to solve challenging problems, gradually selecting those that result in rapid, accurate solutions? Metacognition & Can influence behavior, in that they pass verbal false-belief tasks. Ordinality Phonological awareness Emergent Literacy Strongly predicts emergent literacy and later reading and spelling achievement. A number indicating position in a series or order. Cardinality By age 3 to 4, they grasp the principle of Child-centered programs Academic Programs Project Head Start Individual Differences in Mental Development Children growing up in warm stimulating homes with parents who make reasonable demands for mature behavior score higher on mental test. Home environment plays a major role in the poorer intellectual performance of low-SES children in comparison to their higher-SES peers. and other academic skills through formal lessons, often using and . Recasts
Expansions Pragmatics The development of vocabulary, grammar, and conversational skills in early childhood. Some experts believe that grammar is a product of general cognitive development. Children engage in Overregularize Review Fast Mapping Supported by fast mapping, preschooler's vocabularies increase dramatically. By the end of the preschool years, children have acquired a wide variety of complex grammatical forms. Mutual exclusivity bias and syntactic bootstrapping Preschoolers figure out word meanings from a coalition of cues - perceptual, social, and linguistic - which shift in importance with age. Semantic Bootstrapping rely on word meanings to figure out grammatical rules. By age 4, they adapt their language to social expectations. Correct errors + expansion =
improved language development Language Development Activity Get the picture What do you expect from this chapter? Q-2
NORMS S tudent L earning O utcomes 1. Understand the differences between Piaget's Theory (The Preoperational Stage) and Vygotsky's Sociocultural Theory 2. Identify information processing strategies. 3. Recognize individual difference in mental development. 4. Understand how YOU can assist with language development.