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Nepal

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by

Amber Mirza

on 6 January 2013

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Transcript of Nepal

General Information - Landlocked country

- Strategic location between China and India

- Capital: Kathmandu

- Himalaya Mountain Chain

- Mount Everest Nepal Amber Mirza United States -Population: 303,824,000
-Average literacy: 99%
-Crude Birth Rate: 14
-Crude Death Rate: 8
-Infant Mortality Rate: 6
-Child Mortality Rate: 12
-Total Fertility Rate: 2.1
-Life Expectancy: 78 Growth Rate Doubling Time India China Nepal Kathmandu Nepal's Population Over Time 1985 2035 2010 Nepal -Population: 29,890,000
-Average literacy: 60%
-Crude Birth Rate: 24
-Crude Death Rate: 14
-Infant Mortality Rate: 43
-Child Mortality Rate: 19
-Total Fertility Rate: 2.7
-Life Expectancy: 68 Current Population -Almost 30 million people
-41st largest population of world's countries
-Predicted peak of population: 48,492,000 (2070)
-Average life expectancy: 66 years old
-Only 4% of the population are citizens of 65 years and older
-Literacy:
-Male 73%
-Female 49% Crude Birth Rates Crude Birth Rate: 24/1000 people Crude Death Rates Net Migration The large bottom of the pyramid signals a large growth rate and the slim top represents a low life expectancy as well as a lack of medical advancements such as medicine and surgeries The growth rate is decreasing compared to 25 years prior, but still experiencing growth because of population momentum. In addition, the life expectancy seems to be increasing due to the widening top of the pyramid Within the next 25 years, it is predicted that Nepal's infant and child mortality rate will decrease as seen in the widening bottom of the pyramid staying consistent through the middle ages. This decrease in child deaths is predicted to be the effect of medical advancements. 419,000 x
------------- = ----------
29,890,000 1,000 Crude Death Rate: 14/1000 people x~14.018 716,000 x
------------- = ----------
29,890,000 1,000 x~23.95 (819,000-816,000)
NMR = -------------------------
1,000 NMR= 3 Net Migration Rate: 3/1000 people Growth Rate~.01739
x100 Growth Rate: 1.7% 29,890,000 - 29,370,000
Growth Rate= --------------------------------
29,890,000 70/Growth Rate= 41.17 Nepal Doubling Time: 41 years 70/1.7= 41.17 My brother and I at Rara Lake Rara Lake Kathmandu from our hotel window Pictures From Our Visits The doubling time of Nepal reached its minimum during the 1980's when its population growth peaked to about 2.5%, a large number compared to the lower 1.7% of today's relevance. From this graph, it can be viewed that as population growth percentages increase, the doubling times will decrease due to the only short time needed to replenish their population. Disease Cholera Outbreaks
~2003 Demographic Transition due to lack of sanitation and proper plumbing
diarrhea
affects mainly children About 11,000 Nepalese died from both these diseases in the last 2 years, and even more from its symptoms. Dengue Fever
~2009 more prevalent in today's society
viral disease
mosquito-borne The funnel shaped pyramid signals that Nepal is in Stage two of the demographic transition. At this point in time, Nepal has high population growth due to large TFRs as well as high infant and child mortality rates due to a lack of medical advancements. On the other hand, after undergoing medical advancements and an age of industrial revolution the USA is most likely in stage four. Their life expectancy has hit its peak and its TFR has hit replacement level after increased family planning as well as literacy. Total Fertility Rates Current 2012 estimation 2.41 Mortality Rates Past, Present and Predicted Life Expectancies Influences on Population Affluence GDP Currently $18.88 Billion (US dollars)
111th in the world (out of 262)
in the middle
Product Sectors: Agriculture-36.1% Services-48.5% Industry-15.4%
Their lack of skilled workers has stalled the country's economic growth as a nation and as a political power
As an agriculturally dominant nation, it has been hard for the country to interact with other countries in the trading world with only food
Nepal was once self sufficient with its meat supply but is currently becoming dependent in the export industry of meat from other countries such as India Family Planning Sustainability? Because the country is involved with industrial factories and urbanized cities, like almost all other countries, in order to become sustainable it would take a longer time
Though compared to other developed countries (who have become more dependent on certain fossil fuel drive lifestyles) such as the United States, it would be easier and happen quicker for Nepal
Many movements for sustainable living lifestyles
Specifically with their agriculture and farming techniques (http://sadpnepal.org/)
Not much has been attempted for the industrial aspects because it has propelled Nepal into economic growth and holds their future IPAT The death rate has been on decline for a while due to medical advancements but especially in 2008 while 'leapfrogging' advancements from nearby countries. The crude birth rate has been on a decline since the 1950's due to a decreasing growth rate. The recent declines in their CBR is due to the increases in literacy of the past years therefore decreasing the TFR. As noted in the Crude birth rate description, the growth rates of Nepal have been decreasing in the past as well as affecting other measures such as TFR and CBR due to advancements. For a while, the net migration was stable until the past years when the situations in surrounding countries drew some migrants to Nepal as well as pushed some Nepalese out of their homeland. The recent increases in growth are an effect of the lowering TFR as another effect of the growing literacy and family planning putting an end to the exponential growth, although the country will continue to grow as due to population momentum. Nepal's decreasing death rate (the red line) reaches an all time low where as the birth rate (the blue line) is continuing its descent to the point where their population is stabilizing. At this point in the demographic transition model, the country is in the middle of an industrialization period and ending its population momentum caused in their previous stages. In the next stage, the population will ultimately stabilize and eventually decrease as the death rate will exceed the birth rates. Family planning has already had an effect on the once rapidly growing population and has caused it to slow down, due to the education of reproduction. This movement has made a mark in the TFR of Nepal by lowering the average amount of children a woman has due to their education and desire to work in their career and have less children. Though this effect is currently slight, if Nepal continues to promote and encourage this, the population could potentially stabilize with replacement rate fertility of a 2.3 or so. The Mortality rates of Nepal have been rapidly declining thanks to the medial advancements specifically with child birth. The new technology acquired has allowed many babies to stay alive as well as the fact that more families have accessible health care than before. The life expectancy of Nepal is currently 68 years, which is a large difference just a decade ago when it was around 63. The increase has been influenced by the increasing availability of health care as well as the medical advancements for elder care. Nepal is mainly a poor nation with few rich people. In fact, Nepal is one of the top countries with the most poverty. A sudden strike of affluence with in the country might cause the country's economy to go into shock and the labor force to fall apart. Population:
The population of Nepal is growing, but currently has undergone a slow growth therefore declining their future population's impact on the environment

Affluence:
Nepal is mainly a poor country with not a lot of affluent people who can, for example, buy multiple cars which lessens their impact compared to other nations.

Technology:
Though their technology is yet to become completely advanced, their urban areas account for much of their population and the usage of fossil fuels and the environment


Environmental Influence:
Their EI would be a lot less than a developed country such as the USA but more than a typical developing country.
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