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Chapter 11: The Crusades
Transcript of Chapter 11: The Crusades
Faith worth fighting for
The Holy Land
Where is the Holy Land?
: The Holy City
Holy Land Under Attack
Pope Urban II
Calling all Crusaders!
Pope Urban II called the
Council of Clermont
Crusades ended in 1272 AD with the Muslims still in control of the Holy Land
The Silver Lining
Some of the
that the Crusades were carried out caused a deep wound in the Church
were a series of wars that sought to liberate the Holy Land from Muslim control
The term Crusade means, "
Is religion the
(Canvas discussion: "
were motivated by a desire to protect what they loved (faith)
Jerusalem is the most significant part of the Holy Land, why?
Important to Christians, Jews and Muslims:
This reality contributes to the modern day violence in the Holy Land
3 Main Motives for helping:
1. Help the East fight the Turks
2. Reclaim the Holy Sites that were captured
3. Help restore Christian unity (East & West)
responded to this "holy call" to liberate the Holy Land from Muslim control.
As compensation, crusaders were promised:
- Spiritual motive
2. money & land -
There were a total of 7 major Crusades
Only 1st was truly successful
The 4th Crusade:
In 1204 A.D. the Crusaders completely sacked the city of Constantinople
Over 800 years after this event, Pope John Paul II apologized for the 4th Crusade.
Also, conditions in Medieval Europe were poor
Emperor Alexios I
Europe became urbanized and so did the monasteries to a degree (remember the reform of the Carmelites!)