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Chapter 11: The Crusades

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by

Shannon Haddad

on 23 February 2016

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Transcript of Chapter 11: The Crusades

Chapter 11:
The Crusades

A
Holy
War?
Religion &
War
No "Ragrets"
Faith worth fighting for
The Holy Land
Where is the Holy Land?
Modern day
Israel

Jerusalem
: The Holy City
Holy Land Under Attack
Seljuk Turks
Pope Urban II
The Crusades
Calling all Crusaders!
Pope Urban II called the
Council of Clermont
in 1095
The Rewards
Mixed Results
Crusades ended in 1272 AD with the Muslims still in control of the Holy Land
The Silver Lining
Some of the
ways
that the Crusades were carried out caused a deep wound in the Church
The
Crusades
were a series of wars that sought to liberate the Holy Land from Muslim control
The term Crusade means, "
Holy War
"
Is religion the
cause
of war?
Gym day
fanatic
!
(Canvas discussion: "
Holy War?
")
Crusaders
initially
were motivated by a desire to protect what they loved (faith)
Jerusalem is the most significant part of the Holy Land, why?
Important to Christians, Jews and Muslims:
This reality contributes to the modern day violence in the Holy Land
3 Main Motives for helping:
1. Help the East fight the Turks
2. Reclaim the Holy Sites that were captured
3. Help restore Christian unity (East & West)
Mostly
peasants
responded to this "holy call" to liberate the Holy Land from Muslim control.
As compensation, crusaders were promised:
1.
Indulgences
- Spiritual motive
2. money & land -
Other motives
There were a total of 7 major Crusades
Only 1st was truly successful
Major Fail
The 4th Crusade:
In 1204 A.D. the Crusaders completely sacked the city of Constantinople
Over 800 years after this event, Pope John Paul II apologized for the 4th Crusade.
Also, conditions in Medieval Europe were poor
Muhammad
Jesus
Temple
(1070 A.D.)
Emperor Alexios I
New
Mendicant
(
begging
)
orders emerged
Europe became urbanized and so did the monasteries to a degree (remember the reform of the Carmelites!)
Full transcript