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Trench Warfare

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Anusha Rao

on 13 June 2013

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Transcript of Trench Warfare

Trench Life
What makes this topic unique to WWI?
Thank You!
Vivian Gao
Alyssa Mancao
Anusha Rao
Hayley Cohen

Connection to
What our group found interesting is...
Erich Maria Remarque was the author of All Quiet on the Western Front. The genre of the book itself is anti-war so we can infer that Remarque was against war. Within the story there is a passage where the soldiers questioned why there were wars, and most of the characters blamed their political leaders. The attitude of the soldiers reflected Remarque's own opinion about the war.
Author's Perspective
Inside the Trenches
Diagram
Trench Warfare
Life in the Trenches
World War 1 was the first war in which trench warfare was used. Trenches were the main form of battle, and by the end of the war, 12,000 miles of trenches had been dug.
Trench Warfare: German Defenses on Omaha Beach. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web.
<http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/604210/trench-warfare>.
Diagram of Trench System. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. <http://www.pbs.org/greatwar/images/ch1_trenches_top.jpg>.
Conditions
Free Time
Medical Conditions
Basis of trench warfare:
- 2 sides fighting
- hand-to-hand combat in No Man's Land
- a barrage of artillery fire, bombs, and gas attacks in order to advance forward and to help shelter a side's own troops
- one side would wait for bombardment to die down before launching a counter-attack
Artillery included machine guns and Big Berthas. Soldiers used rifles, bayonets, and knives to fight. Bombs and grenades were frequently used, as well as poison gas.
WW1- Trench Warfare. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. <http://www.treefrogtreasures.com/forum/showthread.php?11234-WWI-Trench-warfare>.
Germany Heavy Weaponry. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. <http://www.internetmodeler.com/2005/october/first-looks/Hat_WWIGermanheavy-back.jpg>.
The Western Front. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. <http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/FWWwestern.htm>.
Because of the unsanitary conditions in trenches, a large majority of the deaths in WW1 resulted from time spent in trenches rather than actual hand-to-hand combat.
GarboForever- Erich Maria Remarque. Digital image. GarboForever - Garbo's Lovers&Friends - More Lovers and Friends II. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 June 2013
Jones, Steve. "DVD Extra: 'All Quiet on the Western Front'" USA Today. Gannett, 18 Feb. 2012. Web. 11 June 2013
Death at a Field Hospital. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. <http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/FWWcasualtiesF.htm>.
All Quiet on The Western Front." : All Quiet on the Western Front Movies in Italy. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 June 2013
"History, All Quiet on the Western Front, and the Photo Essay “The Shrine Down The Hall”." Used Books in Class. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 June 2013
"History, All Quiet on the Western Front, and the Photo Essay “The Shrine Down The Hall”." Used Books in Class. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 June 2013
Soldiers Walking on Duckboards. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. <http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/FWWduck.htm>.
Waterlogged Trenches. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. <http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/FWWwater.htm>.
Trench Foot. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. <http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/FWWfoot.htm>.
waterlogged trenches
WW1 Weapons
Soldiers fighting at the front
German Defense Plan
Simple Trench Layout
Duckboards
Death outside of battlefield
Map of Western Front
AQWF Movie
AQWF Movie
Erich Maria Remarque
Cooking in the Trenches. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. <http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/FWWtrenchfood.htm>.
Amputees After the War. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. <http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/FWWamputations.htm>.
Trench Foot
Amputees
Cooking
The fact that this was life less then a century ago is astounding. It is unreal to think that our grand parents and great grand parents were a part of this!
All Quiet on the Western Front is an anti-war novel that tells the story of Paul Bäumer, a young German soldier fighting on the Western Front.
Trench warfare played a large part throughout the novel.
Trenches were an important part of the novel's setting since many battles and key moments took place in trenches. For example, Paul kills a French soldier named Gérard Duval, an action which results in a huge amount of guilt for Paul. With incidents like these, trench warfare contributed to the character development - it transformed men from innocent civilians to submissive soldiers. This was also evident when Paul returned home from leave. He felt out of place and uncomfortable around his family because of how the war affected him. When Paul goes on leave, he has difficulty adjusting to civilian life so much that he wishes he was back in the trenches, even though it is more dangerous there.
Random Interesting Fact:
C. S. Lewis, the author of the well-known children's series The Chronicles of Narnia, fought on the Western Front for the Allies. He participated in trench warfare, about which he once remarked that the "weariness and water were [his] chief enemies" (http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/). After he was released from his duties as a soldier because of shrapnel injuries, Lewis, like many other soldiers, found that he had recurring nightmares for the rest of his life, along with headaches and breathing problems that stemmed from his injuries.
Trenches were filled with mud and water from rain that soldiers had to wade through all day. Any duckboards that were built often broke. Because of this, water often seeped into the boots of soldiers, causing inflictions such as trench foot. To make matters worse, trenches were filthy and unsanitary because there was nowhere to dispose of waste other than in the trenches themselves (excrement included). Trenches were infested with lice and rats, both of which spread disease. Rats were abnormally large, and they ate the food rations, which were usually cold, scarce, and of poor quality. The damp and dirty conditions in trenches were perfect breeding grounds for bacteria, which led to severe infections among soldiers.
Bombardments were loud, sudden, and nerve-wracking. Bombs blew huge craters, and machine guns gunned down any soldier not paying enough attention to dodge them.
Due to unsanitary conditions, the bacteria that grew in waterlogged trenches caused many diseases and medical conditions for soldiers. One such affliction was trench foot, which was caused by the cold, wet, insanitary conditions. In extreme trench foot cases, a toe or foot might have to be amputated. Limbs were also amputated because of various war wounds, like shrapnel injuries.
Other medical conditions included dysentery, an inflammation caused by contaminated water, and body lice. In addition to causing itching and sores, lice also carried trench fever.
Soldiers would often suffer from boredom that drove some of them to insanity. When soldiers were not fighting, they would hunt and kill rats to stay occupied and to keep the rats from eating their rations. Rat-hunting would sometimes be made a game to see who would catch the most rabbits in a certain amount of time. In the trenches, alcohol was also frequently distributed among soldiers - soldiers would often drink to pass the time, however, alcohol was limited.
Many soldiers dug niches into the sides of trenches to provide a space for them to rest above the waterline and to store the few things they had with them, such as paper, a pen, a pencil, his wallet, or a deck of cards. In his free time, a soldier might write letters to his family or he might play cards with other soldiers.
First World War. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. <http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_YYMeAu4i7gA/Sx9foNCiC6I/AAAAAAAAHNM/SYBkUAN8Z6c/s400/first-world-war-ww1-one-pictures-photos-images-amazing-rare-incredible-german-soldiers-rats-trenches.jpg>.
American US Soldiers. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. <http://farm6.staticflickr.com/5042/5250780761_135282155a.jpg>.
Soldiers Enjoying a Drink
Soldiers Catching Rats
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