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Chapter 11

Respiratory System
by

Michelle Whitman

on 19 November 2013

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Transcript of Chapter 11

Pharmacology
Terms Related to Benign Neoplasms
Which type of medication suppresses the cough reflex?
A. antihistamines
B. antitussives
C. decongestants
D. mucolytics
Clicker Question
A new opening of the windpipe is a/an:
A. septoplasty
B. thoracocentesis
C. tracheostomy
D. tracheotomy
Clicker Question
Did you know that an individual can survive the loss of a lobe of a lung, or even the removal of an entire lung.
Did You Know?
A sweat test is done to detect:
A. cystic fibrosis
B. pneumonia
C. tuberculosis
D. SARS
Clicker Question
Another name for a pulmonary hamartoma is a/an:
A. papilloma
B. chondroadenoma
C. mesothelioma
D. adenocarcinoma
Clicker Question
An abnormal condition of fungus in the nose is:
A. coryza
B. croup
C. rhinomycosis
D. rhinosalpingitis
Clicker Question
Tracheomalacia
Tracheostenosis
Upper respiratory infection (URI)
Terms Related to Disorders of the Upper Respiratory Tract (cont’d)
Coughing up blood or blood-stained sputum is:
A. hemoptysis
B. epistaxis
C. pyrexia
D. rhinorrhea
Clicker Question
Dyspnea (and eupnea)
Apnea
Bradypnea
Hyperpnea
Hypopnea
Orthopnea
Tachypnea
Terms Related to Respiratory Symptoms (cont’d)
Pyrexia
Rhinorrhea
Shortness of breath (SOB)
Sputum
Thoracodynia
Terms Related to Respiratory Symptoms (cont’d)
The combining form for the pharyngeal tonsils is:
A. adenoid/o
B. pharyng/o
C. epiglott/o
D. tonsill/o
Clicker Question
Respiration
 Oxygen (ox/o, ox/i)
 Carbon dioxide (capn/o)
Filtering, warming, humidifying air
Regulation of blood pH
Role in sound, speech, and olfaction
Functions of the Respiratory System
“Roses are red, violets are blue, without your
lungs, your blood would be too.”
—Susan Ott
Quote
Respiratory System
Chapter 11
“If it is to be, it is up to me.” —Shirley Hutton
Parting Thought
Categories
__ A+P
__ Pathology
__ Diagnostic Procedures
__ Therapeutic Interventions
Terms
1. alveolus
2. epiglottis
3. arterial blood gases
4. epistaxis
5. pulmonary resection
Sort these terms into their correct categories
Antihistamines
Antitussives
Bronchodilators
Decongestants
Expectorants
Inhaled corticosteroids
Mucolytics
Pharmacology (cont’d)
Surgical repair
Bronchoplasty
Rhinoplasty
Septoplasty
Terms Related to Therapeutic Interventions (cont’d)
Spirometer

Courtesy NDD Medical Technologies, Inc
Terms Related to Diagnostic Procedures (cont’d)
Geriatrics
Pneumonia
Pulmonary edema
COPD
Respiratory failure
Cancer
Pediatrics
Pneumonia (caused by RSV)
Asthma
Acute bronchitis
Age Matters
Friction sounds
Hiccup/hiccough/singultus
Rales
Rhonchi
Stridor
Chest tympany
Wheezing
Terms Related to Abnormal Chest Sounds
Hemoptysis
Hypercapnia
Hyperventilation
Hypoxemia
Hypoxia
Pleurodynia
Terms Related to Respiratory Symptoms (cont’d)
Pharynx
Nasopharynx
Eustachian tubes (salping/o)
Pharyngeal tonsils/
adenoids (adenoid/o)
Oropharynx
Palatine tonsils (tonsill/o)
Laryngopharynx
Larynx (laryng/o)
Vocal cords
Epiglottis (epiglott/o)
Upper Respiratory Tract (cont’d)
Laryng/o is a combining form for the:
A. epiglottis
B. throat
C. voice box
D. lungs
Clicker Question
CPAP

From Elkin, Perry, and Potter: Nursing interventions and clinical skill, ed 4, Mosby
Breathing assistance
Ventilator
Positive-pressure breathing (PPB)
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)
Therapeutic Interventions
Positive Mantoux test

From Conlon and Snydman: Mosby’s color atlas and text of infectious diseases, Mosby ltd
Terms Related to Diagnostic Procedures (cont’d)
Bronchoscopy
Terms Related to Diagnostic Procedures (cont’d)
Sites for auscultation of lung sounds

From Shade et al: Mosby’s EMT-intermediate textbook for the 1999
national standard curriculum, ed 3, Mosby JEMS
Auscultation and percussion (A&P)
Clear to auscultation (CTA)
Stethoscope
Terms Related to Diagnostic Procedures
Squamous cell carcinoma
From Kumar: Robbins basic pathology, ed 8, Saunders
Mesothelioma
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)
Adenocarcinoma
Large cell carcinoma
Squamous cell carcinoma
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC)
Terms Related to Malignant Neoplasms
Tuberculosis

From Kumar: Robbins basic pathology, ed 8, Saunders
Pneumonia
Pulmonary abscess
Pulmonary edema
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)
Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)
Tuberculosis (TB)
MDR TB
Terms Related to Disorders of the Lower Respiratory Tract (cont’d)
Bronchiectasis

From Kumar: Robbins basic pathology, ed 8, Mosby
Bronchiectasis
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
Dyspnea on exertion (DOE)
Emphysema
Acute respiratory failure (ARF)
Terms Related to Disorders
of the Lower Respiratory Tract (cont’d)
Asthma Factors
Terms Related to Disorders
of the Lower Respiratory Tract
Pharyngitis

From Barkauskas et al: Health and physical assessment, ed 2, Mosby
Coryza
Croup
Deviated septum
Epiglottitis
Laryngitis
Pharyngitis
Terms Related to Disorders
of the Upper Respiratory Tract
Pleura (pleur/o)
Diaphragm (phren/o, diaphragm/o, diaphragmat/o) and intercostal (cost/o) muscles
Lower Respiratory Tract (cont’d)
Bronchioles (bronchiol/o)
Alveoli (alveol/o)
Lungs
Lobes (lob/o)
Trachea (trache/o)
Mediastinum (mediastin/o)
Carina
Bronchi (bronch/o, bronchi/o)
Lower Respiratory Tract
Upper respiratory system
Nose
Nares
Nasal septum
Cilia
Nasal cavity
Paranasal sinuses (sin/o, sinus/o)
Upper Respiratory Tract
Path of air passage from upper to lower respiratory system
Upper respiratory tract
Nose (nas/o, rhin/o)
Pharynx (pharyng/o)
Larynx (laryng/o)
Lower respiratory tract
Trachea (trache/o)
Bronchial tree (bronch/o, bronchi/o)
Lungs (pulmon/o, pneum/o, pneumon/o)
Internal respiration vs. external respiration
Anatomy and Physiology
Specialty
Pulmonology
Specialist
Pulmonologist
Function
Respiration (spir/o)
Inspiration/ inhalation
Expiration/ exhalation
Functions and Specialty/Specialist
Pulse oximetry
Terms Related to Diagnostic Procedures (cont’d)
From Early, Sodee: Nuclear medicine: principles and practice, ed 3, Mosby
Lung ventilation scan
Lung perfusion scan
Lung ventilation scan
Terms Related to Diagnostic Procedures (cont’d)
Pneumothorax
Hemothorax
Hemothorax
Pneumothorax
Pyothorax
Terms Related to Disorders of the Lower Respiratory Tract (cont’d)
Flail chest
Cystic fibrosis
Atelectasis
Flail chest
Influenza
Diphtheria
Pertussis
Terms Related to Disorders of the Lower Respiratory Tract (cont’d)
Vocal cord nodules
From Damjanov: Pathology for the health professions, ed 3, Mosby
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)
Polyps, nasal and vocal cord
Rhinitis
Rhinomycosis
Rhinosalpingitis
Sinusitis
Terms Related to Disorders of the Upper Respiratory Tract (cont’d)
Clubbing
Aphonia
Dysphonia
Cheyne-Stokes respiration
Clubbing
Cyanosis
Epistaxis
Terms Related to Respiratory Symptoms
Tracheostomy
Endotracheal intubation
Thoracentesis/ pleurocentesis
Thoracotomy
Sinusotomy
Tracheotomy
Tracheostomy
Terms Related to Therapeutic Interventions (cont’d)
Pulmonary resections
Resections
Terms Related to Therapeutic Interventions (cont’d)
From Black, Hawkes: Medical-surgical nursing, ed 8, Saunders
Oxygen therapy
D
C
B
A
Breathing assistance
Delivery devices
Nasal cannula
Face mask, Venturi mask
Rebreathing mask
Therapeutic Interventions (cont’d)
From Eisenberg: Comprehensive readiographic pathology, ed 4, Mosby
Chest x-rays
B
A
Terms Related to Diagnostic Procedures (cont’d)
From Damjanov: Pathology for the health professions, ed 2, Saunders
Pneumoconiosis
Pleural effusion
Pleurisy
Pneumoconiosis
Asbestosis
Silicosis
Anthracosis/coal workers’ pneumoconiosis (CWP)
Terms Related to Disorders of the Lower Respiratory Tract (cont’d)
Today - Respiratory System pathology
Small project on lung sounds

11th - Exam on Respiratory pathology
and abbreviations - Blood intro

13 - Blood, lymph, etc.

Online exam due on Blood by the 20th midnight
Full transcript