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The Picture of Dorian Grey vs. Frankenstein

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Corina Luna

on 17 September 2012

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Transcript of The Picture of Dorian Grey vs. Frankenstein

Frankenstein The Picture of Dorian Gray The Picture of Dorian Gray
Frankenstein Comparison Comparison Comparison What this presentation will cover... Psychoanalytical factors that influence and shape these two novels This includes factors that include what people think and how their opinions are shaped by their surroundings (i.e. society) What is psychoanalysis? Psychoanalysis is a psychological theory developed by Sigmund Freud Human behaviour determined by innate drives Conflicts between the concious person and the unconcious Summary of novels... The Picture of Dorian Grey - Oscar Wilde This novel is about a young man named Dorian who is the subject of a painting by a famous artist named Basil. The paiting is so good that when Dorian recives high praise for his looks by a man named Lord Henry, he believes that looks conquer all. He begins to obsess over avoiding ever aging even becoming ugly one day, so he sells his soul to the Devil in exchange for eternal youth. Instead of his physical body aging, the painting would. Frankestein - Mary Shelley This novel is about a man by the name of Robert Walton who retells the story of a scientist named Dr. Frankenstein. He is a scientist who tries to create a human being from dead human parts, but instead creates a monster that wreaks havoc on the town. Supernatural forces present in the novel Rebelling against society's image of beauty The journey from innocence to experience determined by the Ophelia syndrome Frankenstein Frankenstein The Picture of Dorian Gray The Picture of Dorian Gray Presented for Mrs. Leonardis by Corina Luna It's... It's ALIVE! In The Picture of Dorian Gray , Dorian sells his soul to the Devil for eternal youth whereas in Frankenstein, Victor Frankenstein goes against the laws of nature and religious beliefs of the era when he creates his “monster” In The Picture of Dorian Gray, the thought of aging and one day becoming old, wrinkly and maybe even ugly startles Dorian. He wants nothing to do with it and the people he is surrounded by highly influence this imagine that only beautiful people are accepted in society. In Frankenstein, nobody even goes near the monster as he scares everyone away with his “hideousness” and as soon as Dr. Frankenstein creates him he is disgusted by the ghastly creature he has created. No one gives this monster a chance because of his disfigurement and he is ostrasized by society. In The Picture of Dorian Gray, Dorian realizes the beauty that has blinded him and influenced his love for Sibyl Vane when he falls out of her for her poor acting and she ends up killing herself. In Frankenstein, The monster realizes he needs a partner, someone who he can love himself, someone who can be his companion that is alike to him and he explains the reason he was so malicious was because no one could understand this, in both cases, they kill out of lack of love Uh.. This is NOT what I signed up for! I might be ugly, but I am a classy man. "Cursed, cursed creator! Why did I live? Why, in that instant, did I not extinguish the spark of existence which you had so wantonly bestowed? I know not; despair had not yet taken possession of me; my feelings were those of rage and revenge. I could with pleasure have destroyed the cottage and its inhabitants and have glutted myself with their shrieks and misery." (16.1) “Dorian walked to the door with a look of pain in his face. As he drew the curtain aside, a hideous laugh broke from the painted lips of the woman who had taken his money. "There goes the devil's bargain!" she hiccoughed, in a hoarse voice.” (16.22) Dr. Frankenstein and Dorian Gray both experience a sort of pain and realization once they have had a second hand encounter with what they have created.
Dr. Frankenstein is cursed by his monster when he tells him what an evil creature he is, not something meant for the Earth or to walk amongst the living as he was once dead matter.
Dorian experiences similar feelings when the woman yells at him a reminder of what he has done which was sell his soul to the Devil for his eternal youth
She hiccoughs in a hoarse voice showing the deepness and seriousness of the actions he has followed through with "A flash of lightning illuminated the object, and discovered its shape plainly to me; its gigantic stature, and the deformity of its aspect, more hideous than belongs to humanity, instantly informed me that it was the wretch, the filthy demon, to whom I had given life." (4.7) "How sad it is! I shall grow old, and horrible, and dreadful. But this picture will remain always young. It will never be older than this particular day of June… If it were only the other way! If it were I who was to be always young, and the picture that was to grow old!” (2.27) Dr. Frankenstein and Dorian Gray both come to a realization due to events that have happened realizing that they have betrayed society.
In Dr. Frankenstein’s case, he had let a monster run loose and what ended up happening were countless murders because the people all deared this hideous monster.
No one understands the monster, no one even nears him and in misunderstanding, the monster ends up killing them and is ostracised by society.
Dr. Frankenstein goes on the hunt for him and realizes at once what he has created has truly gone against what people believe of beauty and the consequences of what going against this image has lead them to.
Dorian Gray on the other hand is highly influenced by one person in particular, Lord Henry.
When Lord Henry meets him and greets him with all his compliments, his warning of staying in the sun to long damaging his skin and so on, Dorian realizes really, how beautiful he is.
He realizes how ugly it would be to mature and one day become old just as it is natural to do. He wishes only that the picture painted of him would become old and he himself would stay young.
In relation to the first quotation, even people he is unfamiliar with notice this change and also ostracize him as they did with the monster from society. "'I am alone and miserable: man will not associate with me; but one as deformed and horrible as myself would not deny herself to me. My companion must be of the same species and have the same defects. This being you must create.'" (16. 129) “I wish I had never laid eyes upon you! You have spoiled the romance of my life. […] Without your art you are nothing. I would have made you famous, splendid, magnificent. The world would have worshipped you, and you would have borne my name. What are you now? A third-rate actress with a pretty face” •Both the monster and Dorian have had a realization about the lack of love that they have experienced in their lives. Although they both come to a realization, their reactions are both opposite.
•The monster realizes that he needs a companion in his life in order for a sense of understanding with someone who is alike to him.He has killed countless people, all due to the fact that no one could understand him, no one like this female he begs the scientist to create.
•He needs this female and he longs for her because he knows she will not deny herself to him like society has. Although he does not kill himself, he kills others due to the lack of love which Dorian Gray also commits.
•Dorian on the other hand, has fallen out of love with Sibyl Vane and wants absolutely nothing to do with her. He was not in love for the person she was on the inside, but for the role she played on the outside, literally. She was an actress that astounded him and he was in love with the roles she played on stage, for what she did and especially for what he could have done for her to make himself look better. He tells her he could have made her “magnificent”, that the world “would have worshipped” her and that ultimately she could have had his name.
This is a selfish love because his intentions were to make himself look better. She tells him she wants to run away with him and before he came along she thought acting was “the only reality” (7.83) of her life.
•She is willing to give up her one love for one she thinks is better. Immediately, Dorian drops the idea of her altogether when he realizes he no longer wants her, unlike the monster who realizes he needs this other female monster to be complete.
•When Dorian breaks her heart, she later kills herself and when he finds out he almost immediately recognizes that he has murdered her “So I have murdered Sibyl Vane. […] –murdered her as surely as if I had cut her little throat with a knife” (8.95). Just as the monster had, he had murdered out of this lack of love and misunderstanding in what true feelings of love are. Conclusion Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein and Oscar Wilde’s The Picture of Dorian Gray, not only compare and contrast in a way that highlight the psychoanalytical aspects of these gothic novels, but also illustrate the protagonists struggle to remain sane in a society that determines what is and is not sane.
Supernatural presences at work play a very large role in the novels, being the main objective to how the problems come about.
The struggle of going against society’s image of “beauty” both the Dr. and Dorian create a situation in which they believe they will benefit, but are both cast away by society.
The journey of innocence to experience in regards to the Ophelia syndrome as Frankenstein kills out of the lack of love he has experienced and requests a creature alike himself to accompany him compared to the suicide of Sybil Vane when Dorian denies his love for her, in both cases they are behind the deaths of innocent people due to their lack of love.
Not only do these factors make for an amazing novel, but they teach those who envelop themselves in these novels the appreciation of these aspects of life which are present throughout all stages of life. The End...
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