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Mesopotamian Religion and Philosophy

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Wes Andrews

on 7 November 2012

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Transcript of Mesopotamian Religion and Philosophy

MESOPOTAMIAN RELIGION & PHILOSOPHY BY: KIRA, WES, & ALYSE The physical environment had an obvious impact on the Mesopotamian view of the universe. The not necessarily good climates of Mesopotamia led them to the belief that this world was controlled with supernatural forces. Importance of Religion Mesopotamia was obviously polytheistic with its nearly 3,000 gods and goddesses that animated all aspects of the universe. Gods and Goddesses Anu God of the sky and hence the most important force of the universe. Enlil God of the winds. Enki god of the earth, rivers, wells, and canals as well as inventions and crafts In Chaldean, there were seven evil deities. They were know as the shedu or storm demons and appeared in somewhat of a ox-like form. They were known to carry deadly diseases. They would practically seize a person's body. When a person had one, they would usually have several nightmares, feel sick, and even lose consciousness. The Evil Deities Mesopotamia had religious practices in which they based on meeting what their gods needed. They would build temples filled with great statues, have worships rituals including prayer to their gods, and have ceremonies and festivals for the birth, marriage, or death of someone. Religious Practices Mesopotamia believed in the afterlife. They believed that when you died you would go somewhere deep under the earth, called the The Great Below. They believed everyone had an afterlife. Belief in After-Life The top creator god, named “Anu” the sky-god, also an over-arching bowl of heaven. Second is Enlil, able to either created raging storm or help humanity. Third is Nin-khursag, the earth goddess. Final one, the fourth was Enki, god of wisdom and water. The Gods The ancient Mesopotamian religion attribute consist comes from the working of divine force. The two divine forces Taimat and Abzu, whom appeared from the primordial chaos of water, creating the 4 creator gods. Forces The majority of the recently-discovered material from Sumer seems to have been written between 1900 and 1600 BC. But some came from before, and it seems reasonable to suppose that much of their 'philosophy' originated around 2500 BC or even before.
For example:
• Whoever has walked with truth generates life.
• Wealth is hard to come by, but poverty is always at hand.
• The poor are the silent ones of the land.
• All the households of the poor are not equally submissive. Early Philosophy There’s have been a studies conducted by the Babylonian astronomers on philosophy dealing with the nature of the early universe, an idea, contribution to the philosophy of science. 7th and 8th Century B.C. Philosophy The idea were based on logical set of axioms and assumptions, with the modern view through examination and inspection from the patient’s symptoms, possibly able to determine the patient’s disease and the recovery. The first philosopher, Thales of Miletus, they have the belief that water is the main principles of life. 11th Century Philosophy Sumerians belief - They believed that the earth was round and surrounded completely by water with land in the middle. They also believed that they formed in this way: first came the planets, the sun second, the earth third, people fourth, animals and plants fifth.

Babylonians belief - The Babylonians believed that all life sprang from the center of earth, in which was filled in the center with water. Myth of Creation Ninhursaga Goddess of animals and birth of productivity. The End
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