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Module 1: Human Evolution, Dress Motivations and Body Modification
Transcript of Module 1: Human Evolution, Dress Motivations and Body Modification
-Human Evolution and Prehistoric Dress
-Motivations for Dressing
Body Modification and Art Reasons for dress Human Evolution and Prehistoric Dress Body Modification and Art Protection Utility Status Seduction Religious Modesty Personal Expression Group Identification Arouse Emotion Communicate with Symbols Permanent Non-Permanent Otzi the Iceman Humans and Tools Lana and Aliyah, Mountain Creek. Personal photograph by Rebecca Anapol 2013. -When humans wear clothing to cover their bodies from the elements or for a certain dangerous situation then it is for Protection
- garments for protection include
- Winter jacket
- Rain boots
- sunhat These are my friends Lana and Aliyah. They are wearing helmets and goggles to protect their heads and eyes while snowboarding. - Clothing for utility is a garment that service a specific purpose to the user.
- examples include
- backpacks for students with many books
- a belt to keep a person's pants in the right location
- an apron to keep ones other clothing clean during cooking Here I am on vacation in Key West. During this trip I always around a small cross body bag. This bag was great because I could put my camera, phone and money inside and still have my arms and hands free. Vacation, Key West, Florida. Personal photograph by Rebecca Anapol 2011. 2011. Photograph. Daily News, New York. By Scott Shifrel. -Clothing for status is similar to that of group identification because it may show ones belonging to a certain economic group.
-Garments that include certain trademarked symbols of designers are often coveted because they display a persons ability to buy certain items.
-Other than symbols people may also communicate this status with certain uniforms or articles that only select individuals are permitted to wear. Loubitan shoes are famous for their bright red soles. By displaying these red soles, its wearer can show others their ability to obtain such expensive footwear. This red represnts seduction. -Seduction is a motivation that can be traced all the way back to an individuals innate mating instincts. As evolution tells us, all animals have one overlying goal during their lifespan, which is simply to mate and give birth to the next line of offspring. Therefor, depending on the trends of the time, males and females dress their bodies with clothing that they believe show off their own body and personality in whatever way they choose in order to attract a mate. Here I am with my roommate Hannah getting ready to go out for her 18th birthday. We are both wearing short, tight dresses. Also I am wearing red, which is the color that typically represents seduction. -Clothing for religion purposes is often acosiated with group identification, modesty, symbolism and sometimes even protection.
-This clothing is meant to coincide with whatever religious practices that individual is about to participate in.
- Examples of these garments include,
- Habits, worn by nuns
- Robes, worn by monks
- yamakas, worn by Jewish men This is my little brother Nick dressed in red robes for his confirmation. The man standing next to him is a Bishop and his garments are filled with different religious symbols and totems meant to represent different aspects of the holy trinity. -Modest dressing varies by place, society and time period
-Clothing deemed "modest" in America is not considered so in the Middle East.
-Reasons for modesty might include:
- Ceremonial dress, such as for a funeral or wedding
- Dressing for religious attendance
- to give others a good impression i.e. (meeting the parents) A permanent modification is conducted to have a finalized transition of the body. This change is usually cosmetic and come from a variety of motivation such as seduction personal expression This is my best friend Christine's foot tattoo that she got done this past summer. The quote is a lyric from her favorite band and has much personal meaning to her. Here is the reality star Hedi Montage who famously received 22 surgeries including breast implants, hip reduction and lip implants. A non-permanent body modification is also a form of personal expression that is only temporary and can usually be washed off or fades away on its own. -In order to show unification or alliance humans will purposefully dress in identical garments to communicate the notion to others
Reasons for this unification may include
-sports teams (to show team differentiation)
- occupational (doctors, policeman, cashier)
- to show authority or lack of authority (prisoners and prison guards.) Here I am with my friends Kyra and Christine after our high school graduation. During the ceremony girls were required to wear white robes and the boys wore blue. This is my high school choir, The Treble Makers, at a singing competition. Every concert we performed at we wore long red dresses and pearl necklaces. We came to be known as the "girls in the red dresses". Personal expression comes from a humans desire to be creative and different from others within the confines of their social group In high school, my friends and I became sick and tired of the unofficial highschooler uniform that consisted of jeans and a t shirt. So, we decided that the last Friday of every month would be "Fancy Friday". -Everybody at one time or another has owned a garment with some sort of logo or symbol on it. The purpose of these logos could be it
- show personal preferences such as a band or clothing company
-show status- also with a clothing company
- to support a cause (ribbons for different types of cancer) Here I am wearing a hat with the logo of one of my favorite bands, Reel Big Fish. Here is David Bowie with some sort of dramatic face paint. And then here is my friend Drew getting his face painted before a Halloween party Types of Garments Sewn Unsewn Draped Poncho A draped garment is one of the more simple types as it is simply a piece of material wrapped and pined and tucked around the body. This type of garment was common for many types of civilizations as it was easy to make and acquire and was easily taken off in hotter environments. And here are my friends at a toga party..... A poncho is a garment that has only one hole it to put the neck and head through. This garment is good for protecting individuals and their additional clothing, from weather conditions such as rain and snow. Ponchos could be made out of cloth and textiles or animal hide. Bifurcated garments are those that are cut and sewn to fit around the legs, waist and hips of the human form. This allowed for people to move more freely around and perhaps even to run away from danger while keeping their legs protected. Bifurcated Here are my friends are all wearing variations of the bifurcated design...And apparently they are also the Charlies Angles. Coat The coat shape is much like a Tshape garment as it conforms around the torso of a person. However the difference is that it has an opening across the front that allows an individual to easily put on and remove said garment, while still protecting them from the elements. Here I am wearing my favorite grey trench coat and posing next to a cop car outside of my dorm building. Module 1 Birthday Girl, New Paltz. Personal photograph by Rebecca Anapol 2012. My family has a Christmas tradition in which we get dressed up and go to church on Christmas eve. So when we go to church we obviously need to cover up and dress nice and appropriate for a church setting Christmas Eve, Connecticut. Personal photograph by Rebecca Anapol 2012. Treble Makers, New York. Personal photograph Rebecca Anapol. 2012. Graduation, New York. Personal photograph Rebecca Anapol. 2012. Charlies Angles, New York. Personal photograph by Rebecca Anapol 2012. Cop Car, New York. Personal photograph by Rebecca Anapol 2012. T-Shaped The t shaped garment is meant to be fit around the torso and is pulled over the head. This garment shape is very popular in Western dress. Drew, New York. Personal photograph by Rebecca Anapol 2012. Christine Tattoo, New York. Personal photograph by Rebecca Anapol 2012. Truscello, Denise. Hedi Montage. 2010. Photograph. Usmagazine.com, California. Usmagazine.com. 2010. Web. 14 Feb. 2013. This motivation comes from people wanting others to notice and respond to their clothing choices. It does not matter if the response is good or bad. As long as there is a response then the individual has succeeded with their motivation. This is my friends and I wearing costumes on Halloween. The whole point of this holiday in college, is to get attention for your ensemble choice. Maybe your outfit is funny or sexy or clever, either way the whole point of wearing it is for someone else to notice. Halloween, New Paltz. Personal Photograph, Rebecca Anapol. 2012 Reel Big Fish New York Personal Photograph, Rebecca Anapol. 2012 Fancy Friday. New York Personal Photograph, Rebecca Anapol. 2011 Confirmation New York Personal Photograph, Rebecca Anapol. 2011 By: Rebecca Anapol Here I am again goofing around with my best friend. We are both wearing variations of a tshaped garment. The difference is that my shirt has sleeves and her dress does not. Christine and Rebecca. New York. Personal Photograph by Rebecca Anapol. 2012 Henna is an Indian type of body paint, typically used for weddings and other ceremonial events. Henna tattoos are semi permanent because they last for only about 2 weeks. Packard, Mary. 2012. Photograph. Henna Sourcebook. New York: Race Point, 2012. N. pag. Print. Tongue splitting is a recent phenomenon in which the individual gets their tongue surgically cut down the middle Lizard Man. 2012. Photograph. Plastic Sergeant. 25 Jan. 2012. Web. 15 Feb. 2013.
Otzi the Iceman is a modern discovery that has led to many developments in archeology. His body was found in 1991 in the Alps, with clothing and tools still attached and preserved on and around it This is a reconstructed sculpture of what Otzi might have looked like. Here he is shown wearing a pair of bifurcated animal hide pants and carrying some sort of spear or weapon. Here is my friend Kim in Disney World wearing a plastic poncho to stay dry in the rain. Cicotta, Kimberly. Kim. 2010. Photograph. Disney World, Orlando, Florida.
Photo by Justin de Villeneuve/Hulton Archive/Getty Images). 1973 This is the famous skeleton named Lucy that was discovered in 1974 in Ethiopia. She is approximately 3.2 Million Years old and shows us much about the human form from the Neolithic age. Clark, Chip. Lucy. 1973. Photograph. Smithsonian Institution, n.p.
Clark, Chip. Stone Awls. 1991. Photograph. Smithsonian Institution, n.p.
Stone Awls were a prehistoric tool used to make holes and pierce surfaces such as cloth and skin. They were the first type of sewing needles and piercing guns.