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IMF

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by

Hang Nguyen

on 30 September 2014

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Transcript of IMF

Thu Hang NGUYEN
Student's ID : 164185
Date: 1/10/2014

1. OVERVIEW OF IMF

OUTLINE
1. OVERVIEW OF IMF
3. EFFECTS TO ECONOMIES AND SOCIETY
International Monetary Fund
WARMER
What was the outstanding economical event during the 1930s?
THE GREAT DEPRESSION
Barriers to foreign trade raised

Stock market collapsed

Word trade decreased

Unemployment rate increased

Living standard plummeted

Leads to establish an organization
2. FUNCTION OF IMF
3. EFFECTS OF IMF

4. SUMMARY
5. CONCLUSION
6. DISCUSSION
GLOSSARY
1. Stability : unlikely to change
2. Surveillance: close observation of a person or group
3. Macroeconomic
Definition
national economic policies
international monetary
financial systems
Aim
History
Headquarter: Washington D.C

188
Facts
Organizational structure
Christine Lagarde
To ensure the stability of the international monetary system
Responsibility
2. FUNCTION OF IMF
Surveillance
( Like a doctor)
Oversees the international monetary system
Technical assistance and trainning
( like a teacher )
Lending
(like a bank)
Provide loans to member countries
Monitors the economic and financial policies
Bilateral surveillance
Multilateral surveillance

Example
Earthquake and Tsunami in Japan, 2011
Strengthening skills in institutions
Design economic policies
Manage financial affairs
Give advice to member countries
Help member countries tackle payments problems
Stabilize their economies
Restore sustainable economic growth
EXAMPLE
1. BANGLADESH
Gets $987 Million Loan due to payments pressures and declining foreign exchange in 2012

Focus on five key areas: exchange rate flexibility, banking stability, fiscal policy, energy policy, and governance



2. Ukraine (2014)

$17.01 billion to support Ukraine’s economic reform program.
Source: IMF, 2014
4. Summary
a. Background information
Definition
History
Facts
Organizational structure
Responsibility
b. Function
Surveillance
Technical assistance and trainning
Lending
c. Effect to economies and societies
5. CONCLUSION
6. DISCUSSION
Q1: Do you think that IMF loans lead to negative effect on economies? Why?
Q2: What is the most important function of IMF? Why?
In July 1944, in the town of Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, in the northeastern United States, the IMF was conceived
In December 1945, The IMF came into formal existence when 29 member countries signed "Articles of Agreement"
In March 1, 1947, IMF began operations.
Highlight possible risks to stability
Advises on needed policy adjustment
The establishment of IMF is indispensable for global economies.
The IMF works to foster global growth and economic stability. It provides policy advice and financing to members in economic difficulties and also works with developing nations to help them achieve macroeconomic stability and reduce poverty.
Although IMF programs currently are criticized by the strict conditions with member countries, the possitive effects of its on economies and society can be denied.
Source: IMF
Membership
Full transcript