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Transcript of BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS
All employees who could be "reasonably anticipated" as the result of performing their job duties to face contact with blood and other potentially infectious materials.
PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE)
Specialized clothing or equipment worn by employees for protection against infectious materials.
Must be properly cleaned, laundered, repaired and disposed of.
Must be removed when leaving area or upon contamination.
Wash exposed area with soap and water.
Flush splashes to nose, mouth, or skin with water.
Irrigate eyes with water or saline.
Report the exposure to Workers' Comp.
Workers' Comp will direct the employee to a healthcare professional.
Treat all human blood and certain body fluids as if they are infectious.
Observe all situations where there is a potential for contact with blood or other infectious materials.
Use proper PPE
(Personal Protective Equipment)
SOME WORKERS WHO ARE AT RISK
Food and garbage handlers
Public Space Attendants
HOW DOES EXPOSURE OCCUR?
Most common: needlesticks
Contamintaed Sharps: hypodermic needles, IV devices, broken glass, etc.
Mucus membranes: the eye, nose, mouth
broken skin with contaminated blood
Employee must comply with post exposure medical treatment:
Go to a medical clinic for evaluation and treatment if needed.
Go to the Hospital Emergency Room.
Best chance to prevent transmission of HIV is to start an Anti-Retroviral medication within the
first 24 hours
These microorganisms can be transmitted through contact with contaminated blood and body fluid
"Good Samaritan" acts, such as assisting a co-worker with a nosebleed would not be considered occupational exposure.
Bloodborne pathogens are microorganisms present in human blood which can infect and cause disease in people who are exposed to blood containing the pathogen.
REDUCE EXPOSURE: CONTROLS
Reduce employee exposure by either removing the hazard.
Use Sharps disposal containers
Do not bend or break sharps.
These controls reduce the likelihood of exposure by altering how a task is performed.
after removing gloves as soon as possible after exposure.
Use proper PPE when handling blood body fluids
No food or smoking in work area.
EXAMPLES OF PPE
Over 600,000 exposures occur to U.S. healthcare workers every year
HOW TO AVOID AN EXPOSURE?
PREVENTION AND POST EXPOSURE