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Art History Presentation

"Breaking Rules: Modern Artists"
by

Julian Piro

on 31 January 2013

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Transcript of Art History Presentation

"Breaking Rules: Modern Artists" Art History
Presentation "Soft Toilet" by Claes Oldenburg "Marilyn Monroe" by Andy Warhol - Whitney Museum of American Art, N.Y. Claes Oldenburg - 1962 Julian Piro "Soft Toilet" by Claes Oldenburg and "Marilyn Monroe" by Andy Warhol - 1966 - Sculpture (wood, metal, vinyl, plexiglass) - 55.5" x 28.25 " x 30" -From 2012 - 83 years old - MOMA, N.Y. - Acrylic and Silkscreen Ink on Linen - 14" x 10.75" Andy Warhol -1956 Oldenburg headed to N.Y. where he meet Warhol - From 1973 -45 years old -Born: Aug.6. 1928 Pittsburgh, Penn., U.S. - Born: Jan.28.1929 Stockholm, Sweden -Currently 84 years old "American Flag #2" - Died: Feb.22.1987 (aged 58)
New York City, N.Y., U.S. Political, Religious, and Historical Climate Influences on Claes Oldenburg N.Y. Skyline in 1956 - Oldenburg became interested in existentialism and interdisciplinary art forms Outline Introduction of Art and Artists
Influences on the Artists
Style and Art Movements
Form and Content
Final Comparison and Conclusion - Traveled to Europe, he created some carvings of food Political, Religious, and Historical Climate - Late 1950's Pop Art is expanding to U.S.A. from Britain "U.S.A. Flag" - Many religions and cultures were growing in U.S.A. - Cold War and Vietnam War were ending as well Influences on Claes Oldenburg - Influenced by many factors in his life Influences on Warhol Political, Religious, and Historical Climate Influences on Warhol Art Movement and Style Pop Art "Soft Toilet" Political, Religious, and Historical Climate - Many forms of media were growing - Religion and cultures growing - Cold War and Vietnam War were ending - 1964 Civil Rights Act, helped protect him as he was gay - Started to like characteristic images after earning his Bachelor of Fine Arts (in Graphic Design) in 1949 -Began using silkscreen in college -Influenced by many different things like Oldenburg - Advertisement illustrator in early 1950's - Living in the growing city of New York, just as Oldenburg had as well - Very Religious, a Ruthenian Rite Catholic - Both Oldenburg and Warhol began with pop art when it began in late 1950's in U.S.A. from Britain Pop Art: based on modern popular culture and media - Aspects of mass culture such as advertising and comic books - All about attitude that lead to the creation
-Most pieces, very controversial Content -Had built many familiar objects and distorted them

- He changed their material and scale to attempt to shock viewers and suddenly unusable

- Made people believe that art did not have to be of people, animal and nature

- Shows art can be anything from anywhere

- Toilet is flimsy and floppy - Organic Shape - Complimentary colours contrast -Value (shadow) - Unity in shape - Different Textures - Illusion of
Depth
(toilet bowl) - Symmetrical shape - Form (3D shape) - No patterns, no rhythm - Balance (shape + colours) Europe "Giant BLT" Form "Lipstick (ascending) on Caterpillar Tracks"
by Claes Oldenburg "Marilyn Monroe" Content Form "Campbell's Soup Cans" or (32 Campbell's Soup Cans) by Andy Warhol "Lipstick (ascending) on Caterpillar Tracks" Content - Sculpture (welding steel) -1969 - 292" x
299" x
131"
- 25 feet
tall - Yale
University
Connecticut - After Vietnam war, many protesting at Yale

-Main intention; a platform for public speakers during anti war protests

- Lipstick (feminine) on tracks (war), is a way to humorously criticizes war

-A second version created with rebuilt parts and inflatable lipstick

- Pop art, very controversial - Bold colours - Complimentary contrasting colours -Symmetrical - No pattern, no rhythm - Same texture throughout - Unity in shape - Vertical and horizontal lines - Movement - Emphasis - Organic shape - Value - Form Form - After her death, Warhol became so preoccupied about her death

- She had become a prefabricated media product

-The colour affects the mood, that is why various copies have been made

- Iconic, shows the warmth and good feeling that was thrown away just like a newspaper advertisement

- Religious: "Gold Marilyn Monroe" shows her iconic status

- Shows the fame that affects people -Stresses priorities of the human race and the lack of morality society has - Complimentary contrasting colours -Value
(shadow) - No movement - No
depth - Shape is organic -Emphasis
(shadow) - Texture
is impasto - Unity - No
pattern
or rhythm - Form - Asymmetrical (symmetrical face) - 1963, Vinyl on wood base, 10.5" x 42" x 44", Whitney Museum of American Art, N.Y. "French Fries and Ketchup" - 1994, Kansas City Sculpture Park, South Lawn "Shuttlecocks" - 1962 - MOMA,
N.Y. - Synthetic polymer paint on canvas - 20" x
16" for
all 32
canvases "Campbell's Soup Cans" Content Form Conclusion 4 Main Artworks - A friend suggested idea to Warhol, instead of comics - Warhol's art reflected how our psyche is embedded in our minds - Warhol stated this art had no meaning or intention - He said it was about what the viewer believed - The art can represent our lifestyle how we throw everything away and do not realize the value of something to us until its gone (like "Marilyn Monroe") - Complimentary contrasting bold colours - Smooth texture - No
depth
(2D) - Strong horizontal and vertical lines - Lots of pattern, balance and rhythm - Symmetrical - No movement, emphasis or focal point "Campbell's Soup I" - 1962, Synthetic polymer paint, 20"x 16",
MOMA, N.Y. - 1984-1985, screenprint on Lenox Museum Board, 39" x 31.5", bought by Royal Collection to mark Queen's Diamond Jubliee in Sept. 2012 "Reigning Queens: Queen Elizabeth II of The United Kingdom" By Claes Oldenburg and Andy Warhol Final Comparison Claes Oldenburg vs. Andy Warhol Claes Oldenburg: Andy Warhol: Similarities: - Shocked viewer
in "Soft Toilet" -Unique man with a childhood full of problems -Pop Artist - Born in late 1920's - Began art careers in New York - Both are American - Educated at Art institutes - Influenced by many similar factors in their lives - Raised by a well to do family - Delivers a message in "Marilyn Monroe" - Several pieces of their art had
new revised editions -Used vibrant complimentary colours in almost all of their works - Most famous for his sculptures and public art - Most famous for his mass media paintings - 1950's to 1987 were his most productive years - Began in 1950's - Early 1960's to 2001 were his most productive years Art Movement and Style Pop Art - Commonly known as reaction ideas of abstract expressionism - Objects and images similar to Dadaism (reason and logic) as well - Made to include popular images well known to society - Associated to reproduction (Andy Warhol) and editing - Pop art is usually hard to understand - Pop art and minimalism are the art movements before postmodern art THE END
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