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Muslim heritage in home
Transcript of Muslim heritage in home
Homes Eshrak AL-ATOLI
HBME-U student Fine Dining Fashion Carpets Crystal Eating Habits Was discovered Cappuccino AL-Qahwa Coffee Goat Herder named Khalid noticed that his goat became lively after eating berries (which we call now Bun). People started drinking "AL-Qahwa" coffee by boiling the coffee powder mixed with sugar and water. Coffee was spread by travelers, traders and pilgrims.
From Yemen reaching Mecca, Turkey and Cairo.
Till it reached to Europe in 1645. Were introduced in the 9th century by Abul Hasan 'Ali ibn Nafi', his nickname is Ziryab "the blackbird". He introduced the three-course menu: starter, main meal and desert for the winter and summer seasons to Europe Ziryab also changed the heavy metal drinking goblets and gold cups that European used, to delicate crystal.
As crystal was developed by Abbas ibn Firnas in Andalusia, he manufactured the glass from sand and stone. Ziryab the musician, etiquette teacher and the fashion designer brought with him all the fashion from Baghdad to Cordoba. His name was connected to elegance. Muslim carpets were renowned for their quality, color and rich of geometric patterns of stars, octagons, triangles and rosettes. They were used as tents, floor covering, wall curtain, blankets, bags and saddles. Turkish and Persian carpets were popular in Europe, they became status symbols. A priest named Marco d'Aviano from Capuchin monastic used to prepare the coffee by mixing it with honey and cream. Because the original taste of coffee was too strong for them. Since then it was known by Cappuccino. starter main meal (cc) photo by medhead on Flickr Clocks 2002 March (cc) image by jantik on Flickr Evolution of measuring the Time Sundial Clepsydra Ghatika-Yantra Al-Jazari Was pious muslim and skilled engineer, he had made numerous devices and composed them all in a book called The Book Of Knowledge Of ingenious Mechanical Devices.
He knew the importance of time for Islam. Muslims need to pray the prayers on time, fast in Ramadan, celebrate Eid and go to Mecca for Omra and Haj. He was inspired by Elephant Clock Al-Jazari used an Egyptian phoenix, Greek hydraulic technology, chines dragon, Indian elephant and mechanical figurines in Arabian dress. It is like he combined cultural and technological influences from Spain to china. desert Fashion & Style Ziryab
brought dresses short
hair styles games polo Chess winter
season middle seasons Shoes Shoes back then were called "aqraq" and were made of leather. Abdulla a sufi mystic was one of the famous sandal makers. Some shoemakers used to put sand below the heel to make it higher. King Henry VIII was known of having more than 400 muslim carpets. In the picture he is standing on a muslim carpet, the curtain behind him and parts of his clothe were made by muslim designers. Cleanliness " Allah is beautiful and he loves beauty" Cleanliness is vital in Islam as it known as "wudhu" carried out before prayers.
Al-Jazari invented a robotic wudhu machines, some machines could hand you a towel.
Al-Zahrawi medical book "Al-Tasrif" has a chapter called "Medicines of Beauty" describing the care and beautification of hair, skin,teeth whitening and gum strengthening all within the boundaries of Islam. Al-Kindi Wrote a book on perfumes called " Book of The Chemistry of Perfume and Distillations.
It contained more than 100 recipes for fragrant oils, salves...etc.
Muslims ideas filtered into Europe via merchants, travelers and crusaders. Henna Is an important cosmetic in Islam. Prophet Mohammed and his companions dyed their
beards, while women decorated their hands and feet, also dyed their hair.
Modern scientist have found henna to be useful
in healing athlete's foot, fungal skin infections
and local inflammation. It acts as cooling agents
for the head and body. Vision and Camera While Ibn Al-Haytham was imprisoned by khalipha
he saw alight shining through a pinhole into his darkened room, projecting an image of the world outside onto the opposite wall. And this is explain we see by our eyes.
Today many modern inventions rely on the accurate understanding of the light and vision. The foundations of Ibn Al-haytham in his "Book of Optics" that was written between 1011 and 1021 Ibn -Alhaytham Resources:
1- Al-hassani,S.(2012)-1001 Inventions: Muslim Heritage in Our World. Third Edition, published by the National Geographic Society.