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Transcript of Philippine Cinema
Was implemented by former President Ferdinand Marcos during Sept. 21, 1972 that ultimately suppressed freedom of expression in the Philippines.
One of the emerging fresh talents from literature and theater who found their way into filmmaking.
Wrote 150 film scripts since 1973, earning him more than 50 trophies from various award-giving bodies, including a 2003 Natatanging Gawad Urian Lifetime Achievement Award
Wrote for the films: Himala, Moral, Brutal, Relasyon, Rizal, Anak, Madrasta, Karnal, Muru-Ami, Macho Dancer, Sibak, Bulaklak ng Maynila, Bagong Buwan, Gumapang Ka sa Lusak, Jaguar, Nasaan Ka Man, and the Flor Conteplacion Story
Other Notable Films
Touted as the "Second Golden Age of Philippine Cinema," the 1970s was a period when a significant number of Filipino avant-garde filmmakers surfaced. This age of censorship ironically pushed the making of quality and very emotional films as the growing social unrest fueled freedom of expression through arts.
Films from the 1970s to the mid-1980s mostly showcased resistance to the dictatorial regime and they were openly stated through images of torture, incarceration, struggle, and oppression.
Phil. Republic II
"New Society Movement"
insisted the imposition of the ideology, such as a new sense of discipline, uprightness and love of country, of the "New Society" in local film content.
Board of Censors for Motion Pictures (BCMP)
Established to control film content by insisting on some forms of censorship.
One of it's initial rules promulgated is the stipulated submission of a finished script prior to the start of filming.
Negative - Suppressed freedom of expression
Positive - The process of submission of finished script improved the screenplay writing system in mainstream cinema. This gave way to literary artists to enter film making.
Effects on Film Making
Board of Review for Motion Pictures and Television
Movie and Television Review and
Created to supervise, regulate, and grant, deny or cancel, permits for the importation, exportation, production, copying, distribution, sale, lease, exhibition, and/or television broadcast of all motion pictures, television programs and publicity materials
Lupon sa Pagrerepaso at Pag-uuri ng
Sine at Telebisyon
Philippine government agency
responsible for the classification and
review of television programs,
movies and home videos.
Manunuri ng Pelikulang Pilipino
An elite group of local film critics that was formed on 1976.
The Manunuri hands out the Gawad Urian Awards to Filipino films adjudged as the best in the country.
Experimental Cinema of the Philippines
Was a government-owned corporation of the Republic of the Philippines primarily known as a production company. Led by Imee Marcos and Charo Santos-Concio.
Hold the Manila International Film Festival, to manage the Manila Film Center, administer a film rating and classification system and to establish and operate the National Film Archive.It was also mandated to provide financial assistance to select motion pictures through a film fund.
Driven by his passion to pursue dreams, he ran away from Daet, Camarines Norte and took a bus to Manila. He roamed the streets, taking on menial tasks as a waiter during the day and asking his town mates to accommodate him during the night until he collapsed one day in Avenida out of hunger.
He was accepted at University of the Philippines-Diliman as an AB English Major but never got his diploma from U.P. where, ironically enough, he later taught script writing at its College of Mass Communication.
Notable Literary Artists
A journalist, poet, translator,
university lecturer, screenwriter,
and show business specialist
Screenplays: Bayan Ko: Kapit sa Patalim,
Sister Stella L, Orapronobis
Lacaba was recognized for his coverage of the First Quarter Storm, an anti-Marcos movement, in 1970. During Martial Law, Lacaba fought President
Ferdinand Marcos and his US-backed military dictatorship.
Similarity Amongst Literary Artists:
Works dealt with more serious topics
following the chaos of the Marcos
Novelist who wrote the screen plays:
Dekada '70, Bata, Bata, Pa'no Ka Ginawa?,
and ‘GAPÔ exposing injustices and
chronicling women activism during the
is known as one of the greatest film directors of
the Philippines who was openly gay and many
of his films incorporated LGBT themes into
their often dramatic storylines.
Brocka directed over forty films.
In 1986 was appointed by President CoryAquino
to the 1986 Constitutional Commission to draft
a new constitution for the country but eventually resigned.
On May 21, 1991, Brocka met an untimely death
in a car accident in Quezon City, Metro Manila.
1974 Film Starring Christopher De Leon, Hilda Koronel, Lolita Rodriguez and Eddie Garcia.
was an acclaimed Filipino film, stage and television director. He was also an actor and screenwriter. Noted for his melodramas, particularly with feminist and moral issues, two of his films City After Dark (1980) and Himala (1982), are often cited as one of the greatest Filipino films of all time.
Studied in University of the
Philippines where he finished
his Bachelor of Arts degree in
English in 1959
National Artist for Cinema,
2001) for his debut film
Pagdating sa Dulo (1971)
which critics consider as one
of the best debut works of a first-time feature film director
Celso Ad Castillo
is regarded as one of the greatest film
directors of the Philippines. Some of his works are Pagputi ng Uwak, Pag-itim ng Tagak (1978), Nympha and Burlesk Queen. His films features daring works
that portray revolt, labor unionism, social ostracism, and class division. He died on November 26, 2012 due to a heart attack.
Mike de Leon
A filmmaker from the famous clan known as one of the owners of the Big Four studios: LVN Pictures. He was also known as a scion of one of the oligarch families who bitterly opposed the dictatorship regime of then Philippine president Ferdinand Marcos. His first major full-length work was Itim (1976), which was voted by the Gawad Urian Awards as one of the "Ten Outstanding Films of the Decade: 1970-1979." The film also de Leon the Best Director Award during the 1978 Asian Film Festival held in Sydney, Australia.
Some of his works are:
Kakabakaba Ka Ba? / Does Your Heart Beat Faster? (1980), Kisapmata / Blink of an Eye (1981), Batch ’81 (1982), Bilanggo sa Dilim / Prisoner of the Dark (1986)
Bayaning Third World / Third World Hero (2000)
Ganito Kami Noon... Paano Kayo Ngayon? (1976)
Filipino romantic musical drama set in the Spanish colonization era. It is One of the "Best Films of the 1970's," as billed by the Manunuri. It is directed by Eddie Romero. It bagged a number of awards at the 1977 Gawad Urian and the 1977 FAMAS including Best Picture and Best Film honors. It also won the 1976 Festival Prize for Best Film at the 1976 Metro Manila Film Festival.
Minsa'y isang gamu-gamo
Directed by Lupita Concio. It is the story of a young woman who wanted to go to America despite a brutal murder carried out by American soldiers on Filipino nationals that had been kept quiet until a tragedy struck their family and changed her whole perspective about America. The film openly criticized the American military presence in the Philippines. The film won five awards at the 25th FAMAS Awards including the best Picture, director and screenplay.
The film, set during the Japanese Occupation of the Philippines, tells the story of Rosario (Nora Aunor), a young school teacher engaged to be married to Crispin (Bembol Roco). Crispin leaves Rosario to fight the Japanese as a guerilla, and in his absence a Japanese-Filipino officer named Masugi (Christopher de Leon) rapes her.
Masugi later returns to Rosario apologizing for his act, bearing gifts of canned food and rice which Rosario at first refuses. Matters are complicated when Rosario's father Mang Andoy (Mario Escudero) is arrested by the Japanese and Rosario reveals to Masugi that she is pregnant. Rosario must make a choice: accept Masugi's proposal to make her his wife (saving her father and ensuring a safe and stable life for her child), or reject him and with him the baby they have conceived together.
Tatlong Taong Walang Diyos by Mario O'Hara
by Kidlat Tahimi, One of the most prominent names in the Filipino film industry, he has garnered various accolades locally and internationally, including a Plaridel honorarium for Independent Cinema.
described as the Era of Guided
Media and the Rise of the