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How to write a paragraph...

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on 29 January 2014

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Transcript of How to write a paragraph...

How to answer a
Short Answer Response

Literary Response requires a careful, critical look at the reading.
Before writing anything, know your assignment—
READ THE PROMPT! What are you being asked to do?
The Prompt
The Prompt is important because you will be expected to include part of the PROMPT in your RESPONSE.
Topic sentence
Usually a mildly controversial
statement--something that you have to
prove. It can be as brief as 3 words!

TS = first sentence of the paragraph.
It shows the main idea.

A Topic Sentence (TS) is the top bun of a hamburger.
Step 1: Topic SENTENCE
Example Topic Sentence (TS)

In the fairy tale “The Three Little Pigs,” the third pig is very wise.

The formula for the TS is this:
TS = Part of the question + your opinion.
Concrete Details
Commentary
CDs can’t be argued with—a CD is evidence that supports your point!

CDs = Support for your TS. (facts, quotes, examples, etc. from text)

Concrete Details (CD) are the meat of the hamburger.

Step 2: CONCRETE DETAILS

2) For example, remembering his mother’s warning about a wolf, he builds his house out of sturdy brick.

Example Concrete Detail (CD)

Key words:
For example...
The author states...
...is seen when...
CMs = your analysis, interpretation, explanation, or insight into how the text proves your claim in your topic sentence.

Commentary Sentences (CM) are the “extras” on the hamburger—the tomato, cheese, lettuce, mayo—they make it delicious!

Step 3: COMMENTARY

3) The wolf is unable to blow down the brick house. 4) This shows that the third pig is smarter than his brothers, who were both eaten by the wolf.

Example Commentary Sentences (2 CMs)

Concluding Sentence
Example:
How would you describe the third pig in the story "The Three Little Pigs?"

Literary Response requires a careful, critical look at the reading.

Before writing anything, know your assignment— READ THE PROMPT! What are you being asked to do?

The Prompt
A CS wraps up the paragraph.
It rephrases the main idea so we
come back full “circle” to the beginning.

A concluding sentence (CS) is the bottom bun of the hamburger.

Step 4: CONCLUDING (Circle) SENTENCE

In conclusion, the third
pig outsmarts not only his
brothers but the “big, bad”
wolf as well.

Example Concluding Sentence (CS)

A combination of aCD and the CMs that explain it is called a CHUNK.

For a literary response writing, we use a combination (or “ratio”) of 1:2.
That means…
for every 1 CD…
you will have 2 CMs.

CHUNKING !!!

TS, CD, CM, CS—Now What?

In the fairy tale “The Three Little Pigs,” the third pig is very wise. For example, remembering his mother’s warning about a wolf, he builds his house out of sturdy brick. The wolf is unable to blow down the brick house. This shows that the third pig is smarter than his brothers, who were both eaten by the wolf. In conclusion, the third pig outsmarts not only his brothers but the “big, bad” wolf as well.

Final Product:
Your Turn
How does Jay Asher's diction contribute to the mood in Thirteen Reasons Why?
Full transcript