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Biotechnology

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Hannah Martin

on 10 February 2014

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Transcript of Biotechnology

Biotechnology is the process in which organisms, cells, and their molecules are altered to attain it's intended benefits. As well as, the use of biological processes for the genetic manipulation of microorganisms for the production of antibiotics, hormones, etc.
Biotechnology
Biotechnology
1. Biotechnology has an important impact on individuals by making it possible to intervene earlier in a disease through new medicine, lifestyle changes, better nutrition, and other approaches. For example, diagnostic tests.

2. Biotechnology also helps individuals because scientists can determine what genetic factors contribute to wellness or disease.

Society is impacted by biotechnology because it changes the quality of life in our world. For example, Industrial Biotechnology can help generate a new “greener” economy with a plethora of new jobs.

Biotechnology Impacts Society by:

Solving the world food shortage (agriculture and livestock)

Helps with discovery of new medicines

Solving crimes with DNA and forensic testing
For a crop to be categorized as a “genetically modified crop”, targeted changes have had to been made to the seed’s genetic material, or DNA, resulting in a "better" variety.

Examples of genetically modified crops are:
soybeans
corn
cotton
Gene Therapy is a treatment with the goal of altering your genes to stop diseases in a cell or cells.

Gene Therapy is simply replacing faulty genes with new ones to get rid of or cure the genetic disease.

Gene Therapy has had poor results due to technical difficulties transferring healthy genes into the cells.
Gene Therapy
DNA Sequencing is ordering the four nitrogenous bases.

Adenine, Thymine, Cytosine, and Guanine are the four nitrogenous bases that make-up DNA.

"You can actually know the genetic makeup of an entire organism just by knowing those four bases, what order they occur in and where they occur on a chromosome." (Allen Moore, N.D)
What Impact Does Biotechnology Have on the Individual, Society and the Environment?
Examples of the Impact of Biotechnology
How is Biotechnology Used to Improve the Quality of Human Life?
DNA Sequences
Genetically Modified Crops
Individual
Society
by: Hannah, Jamie, Delma, Lindsay, and Victoria
Environment
Livestock and Medicine
Plasmid Insertions to Produce Insulin
Human Growth Hormone
What Influence Do Ethics Have on Research and Use of Biotechnology?
Pros and Cons of Using DNA Technology
Bioethics and Genetic Research
Human Genome Project
Bibliography (APA Sixth)
1. For the public environment, biotechnology makes us have the ability to find ways to use our garbage to create new needed products.

2. Agricultural biotechnology will help us to use our lands more efficiently (no loss of crops and money).

3. For the natural/physical environment, by 2030, the WWF (World Wildlife) estimates that biotechnology “has the potential to save the planet up to 2 billion tons of CO2 emissions per year.” (Enhanced Learning,nd)

4. Biotechnology will aid in the removal of
pollution from our soil, water, and air.
Copyright: http://krishiworld.com/biotechnology-in-agriculture-part1/
Copyright: http://www.princeton.edu/sgs/areas/biotechnology/
1.Farmers have began to use biotechnology to improve the natural levels of livestock they produce."Various biotechnology methods are used in improving the breeding stock of animals",states the International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-iotech Applications. For instance,these include embryo transfer, and in-vitro fertilization.

2.Biotechnology has been successful in treating diseases, usually by providing medicines. Additionally,medicine has been far more efficient than traditional methods of curing the needy due to the usage of biotechnology.
Copyright: dna2life.com
Plasmids are small rings of DNA within a bacteria cell."Foreign genes can be inserted into plasmids using genetic engineering technology," states Michael J. Gregory, Ph.D.

For example, the gene for human growth hormone is put in plasmids and taken up by bacteria. The transformed bacteria produces human insulin.Diabetics do not use their insulin protein correctly.Insulin protein helps control how much sugar is their bloodstream.Plasmid Insertions that produce insulin are important for diabetics because it helps control how much sugar is in their bloodstream.
1.A human growth hormone is a peptide- hormone,made up of proteins.Human growth hormone is used to treat dwarfism,or the abnormally low stature.This growth hormone was a product of biotechnology.

2.Although there are numerous advantages to the human growth hormone,there are people who take abuse of it. For instance, they use it for sports purpuses.
Pros
of Using DNA Technology

Finger printing is the best scientific way to identify someone.

DNA technology have convicted 15 death-row mates and 200 sexual predators.
Cons
of Using DNA Technology

The finger prints are only dependable if the lab equipment is clean.

DNA technology can be inconclusive and time consuming.
Copyright: http://www.vetmed.ucdavis.edu/students/local-assets/images/spotlight_images/livestock_student.jpg
Biotechnology: Answers to Common Questions. (2014, February 7). Retrieved from Cooperative Extension: http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/foodsci/ext/pubs/biotech.html

Carroll, T. (2011, October 29). What is Gene Therapy? Retrieved from European Society of Gene and Cell Therapy : http://www.esgct.eu/useful-information/introduction-to-gene-therapy.aspx

Center, G. S. (2014, January 6). What is Gene Therapy? Retrieved from Learn.Genetics: http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/genetherapy/gtintro/

Compass, G. (2008, December 22). GM Crops . Retrieved from GMO Compass: http://www.gmo-compass.org/eng/grocery_shopping/crops/

K, P. (n.d.). Biotechnology for the Livestock Industry. Retrieved from ISAAA: https://www.isaaa.org/resources/publications/pocketk/40/default.asp

Medical, N. (n.d.). Growth Hormones - What are Growth Hormones? Retrieved from News Medical: http://www.news-medical.net/health/Growth-Hormones-What-are-Growth-Hormones.aspx

Michigan, T. U. (n.d.). How do we Sequence DNA? Retrieved from The University of Michigan DNA Sequencing Core : http://seqcore.brcf.med.umich.edu/doc/educ/dnapr/sequencing.html

More, E. (2004). Recombinant DNA: Example Using Insulin . Retrieved from Explore More: Genetic Engineering : http://www.iptv.org/exploremore/ge/what/insulin.cfm

O’Mathúna, D. P. (2007, April). Bioethics and biotechnology . Retrieved from Cytotechnology: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2267612/#!po=4.16667

Organization, B. I. (n.d.). Biotechnology's Impact on Society . Retrieved from Access Excellence: Resource Center : http://www.accessexcellence.org/RC/AB/IE/Biotechnologys_Impact.php

Phelan, J. (n.d.). DNA is an individual identifier: the uses and abuses of DNA fingerprinting. Retrieved from What is Life?: A Guide to Biology : http://ebooks.bfwpub.com/phelanphys2e.php

Phelan, J. (n.d.). Gene therapy: biotechnology can help diagnose and prevent diseases, but has had limited success in curing them. Retrieved from What is Life? A Guide to Biology : http://ebooks.bfwpub.com/phelanphys2e.php

ProCon.org. (2008, August 19). Has DNA Testing Led to Significant Improvements in the Criminal Justice System? Retrieved from ProCon.org: http://deathpenalty.procon.org/view.answers.php?questionID=001189

The importance of the Human Genome Project is that it uses information from DNA to invent cures and treatments that can destroy diseases that can afflict humankind.

Staff, M. C. (2013, January 5). Tests and Procedures: Gene Therapy. Retrieved from Mayo Clinic : http://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/gene-therapy/basics/definition/prc-20014778

Biotechnology: Answers to Common Questions. (2014, February 7). Retrieved from Cooperative Extension: http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/foodsci/ext/pubs/biotech.html

Waikato, T. U. (2010, February 1). Impacts of Biotechnology on Society . Retrieved from Biotechnology Learning Hub: http://www.biotechlearn.org.nz/themes/what_is_biotechnology/impacts_of_biotechnology_on_society

Carroll, T. (2011, October 29). What is Gene Therapy? Retrieved from European Society of Gene and Cell Therapy : http://www.esgct.eu/useful-information/introduction-to-gene-therapy.aspx

Center, G. S. (2014, January 6). What is Gene Therapy? Retrieved from Learn.Genetics: http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/genetherapy/gtintro/

Compass, G. (2008, December 22). GM Crops . Retrieved from GMO Compass: http://www.gmo-compass.org/eng/grocery_shopping/crops/

K, P. (n.d.). Biotechnology for the Livestock Industry. Retrieved from ISAAA: https://www.isaaa.org/resources/publications/pocketk/40/default.asp

Medical, N. (n.d.). Growth Hormones - What are Growth Hormones? Retrieved from News Medical: http://www.news-medical.net/health/Growth-Hormones-What-are-Growth-Hormones.aspx

Michigan, T. U. (n.d.). How do we Sequence DNA? Retrieved from The University of Michigan DNA Sequencing Core : http://seqcore.brcf.med.umich.edu/doc/educ/dnapr/sequencing.html

More, E. (2004). Recombinant DNA: Example Using Insulin . Retrieved from Explore More: Genetic Engineering : http://www.iptv.org/exploremore/ge/what/insulin.cfm

O’Mathúna, D. P. (2007, April). Bioethics and biotechnology . Retrieved from Cytotechnology: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2267612/#!po=4.16667

Organization, B. I. (n.d.). Biotechnology's Impact on Society . Retrieved from Access Excellence: Resource Center : http://www.accessexcellence.org/RC/AB/IE/Biotechnologys_Impact.php

Phelan, J. (n.d.). DNA is an individual identifier: the uses and abuses of DNA fingerprinting. Retrieved from What is Life?: A Guide to Biology : http://ebooks.bfwpub.com/phelanphys2e.php

Phelan, J. (n.d.). Gene therapy: biotechnology can help diagnose and prevent diseases, but has had limited success in curing them. Retrieved from What is Life? A Guide to Biology : http://ebooks.bfwpub.com/phelanphys2e.php

ProCon.org. (2008, August 19). Has DNA Testing Led to Significant Improvements in the Criminal Justice System? Retrieved from ProCon.org: http://deathpenalty.procon.org/view.answers.php?questionID=001189

Staff, M. C. (2013, January 5). Tests and Procedures: Gene Therapy. Retrieved from Mayo Clinic : http://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/gene-therapy/basics/definition/prc-20014778

Suny, C. (n.d.). Biotechnology. Retrieved from Clintoncc Suny: http://faculty.clintoncc.suny.edu/faculty/michael.gregory/files/bio%20100/bio%20100%20lectures/biotechnology/biotechn.htm

Vakana, E. (2011, March 22). Genetically Modified Food for Thought. Retrieved from Helix: Connecting Science to You: http://helix.northwestern.edu/article/genetically-modified-food-thought
Bibliography (APA Sixth)
Genetics testing are for diseases to see if this person has the gene of the disease (has to run in the family). Bioethics researching is for philosophical implications of certain biological and medical procedures.
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