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Burns (First, Second and Third Degree)

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by

Erin Whatley

on 2 October 2012

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Transcript of Burns (First, Second and Third Degree)

First, Second and Third degree Burns First Degree Burns Second Degree Burns Third Degree Burns Burn (bûrn): described as injuries to tissues caused by heat friction, electricity, radiation, or chemicals. partial-thickness wounds are where the epithelial elements remain intact or first degree burns. A deep thermal burn is a deep partial-thickness wound that may have the white, waxy appearance of a full-thickness burn, this is a second degree burn. Full-Thickness wounds are where all of the epithelial elements and those lining the sweat glands, hair follicles, and sebaceous glands are destroyed or a third degree burn. People who are more prone to burns have a lighter complexion that would burn easier in the sun, but anybody can get a chemical burn or burn from a hot object if exposed and are not carefeul. First degree burns only affect the outer layer of the skin, the epidermis, and cause mild pain and swelling but no blisters.
Causes include: sun burn or a flash burn which is a sudden, brief burst of heat.
Symptoms include: redness, dry skin, peeling skin and painful to touch skin. This burn may last only 48 to 72 hours. A mild sunburn is a good example of a first degree burn. Any part of the body can be affected.
Treatment Options: Run cool water over the burned area. If the burn is sun related you can use Aloe Vera or soothing burn creme on the affected area. You can also take a small dose of Aspirin to ease the pain
Preventative measures: wear sunscreen when going to areas of high sun concentration, do not stay in the sun for an extended period of time. Make sure to be careful when dealing with hot objects.
In a second degree burn, the epidermis and part of the dermis layer. This kind of burn is classified as superficial or deep burn
Causes of second degree burns are: scald injuries, flames, skin that briefly comes in contact with a hot object, a more severe sunburn, chemicals or electricity.
Symptoms include: Blisters, deep redness, burned area may appear red and shiny, irregular discoloration of the burned area.
Treatment options: Remove any clothes or jewelry from the burned area. Place the burnt area under cold running water. keep the affected part raised to reduce swelling this is necessary. Wash smaller burns with antiseptic cleanser. You can apply soothing burn ointment. Cover the burn with gauze. Leave the bandage on for 24 hours. Medicines such as ibuprofen, or aspirin can be taken to relieve some pain. You should probably go to the hospital if you have a deep partial layer burn or a chemical burn. A superficial second degree burn can be treated at home following the steps above. Again, any part of the body can be affected.
Preventative measures: Be extremely careful around harsh chemicals and hot objects, wear sunscreen when going out in the sun, do not fall asleep in the sun. A third-degree burn is a full thickness burn. This type of burn destroys the epidermis and the dermis also sometimes involving the subcutaneous tissue. This causes permanent tissue damage and possible damage to muscle or bone.
Causes of Third degree burns: Scalding liquid, skin that comes in contact with a hot object for an extended period of time, flames of a fire, an electrical source or a chemical source
Symptoms: Leathery/dry skin, black/white/yellow skin, swelling, lack of pain because of damaged nerve cells.
Treatment options: Treatment will depend on the severity of the burn which is determined by the amount of area that has been affected. the dead skin and tissue can be removed from the burned area this procedure can be done in a special bathtub in the hospital or as a surgical procedure. IV fluids containing electrolytes and antibiotics might have to be put into the body or taken by mouth. skin grafting may be required to close the wounded area. Also functional or cosmetic reconstruction may be required if the burn is severe.
Preventative measures: The only real prevention to a third degree burn is to be extremely cautious around harsh chemicals and flames and take preventative and accurate safety measures.
Interview with Abby Davanzo Abby suffered from second and third degree burns on her calf after having a seizure on her curling iron, she did not feel any pain due to severe nerve damaged. This is the evolution of her burn as it is healing over a few months. Interesting Facts Most common burns under five years of age: Playing with matches, cigarette lighters, fires in fireplaces, and bonfires. Also scalding liquids, bathtub scalds are common with lack of supervision or child abuse. Greatest number of young burn patients are infants and toddlers burned by scalding liquids.
Most common burns between five and ten years of age: Male children are at an increased risk with fire play and risk taking behaviors. female children most likely get burns in the kitchen or bathroom.
Most common burns of adolescence: Usually involves gasoline, or other flammable products, like fireworks. Also climbing utility poles or antennas.
"First Aid for Burns." Treating First-, Second-, and Third-degree Burns. Familyeducation, 2000. Web. 02 Oct. 2012. <http://life.familyeducation.com/wounds-and-injuries/first-aid/48249.html>.
Bose, Debopriya. "Second Degree Burn Treatment." Buzzle.com. Buzzle.com, 14 Mar. 2012. Web. 02 Oct. 2012. <http://www.buzzle.com/articles/second-degree-burn-treatment.html>.
"Facts About Burn Injury - Burns - Health Library - Children's Hospital of The King's Daughters." Facts About Burn Injury - Burns - Health Library - Children's Hospital of The King's Daughters. Children's Hospital of The King's Daughters, 2012. Web. 02 Oct. 2012. <http://www.chkd.org/healthlibrary/content.aspx?pageid=P01743>.
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