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Transcript of HafenCity Hamburg
Master Program in Urban Planning
& Landscape Architecture 10/2012 Principles of Regional & Urban Planning
Instructor : Dr. Lubna Shaheen HafenCity Hamburg
The link Between Urbanity and Ecological Sustainability HafenCity chronology
Stage of development
Management of development
References General planning basis Introduction Hamburg Overview
History Agenda Introduction From Germany to HafenCity Agenda the port of Hamburg is the second largest port in Europe Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg, Federal States,1.8 Million people, the second largest city in Germany, Situated on the river Elbe. Introduction Hamburg - overview 10% from area of city is Green spaces , Alster lakes The study of climate change and environmental challenges, Renewable energy (wind energy, sun energy, full cell ,hydrogen ) The City of bridges,(2500) Introduction hamburg Hamburg - overview Large companies ( wind energy).
Renewable energy research centers. Reduce CO2 40% -2010 80%- 2050 integrated and participative planning strategy and a strong commitment towards a “green” vision“ “ European Green Capital 2011“ Hamburg - overview Introduction Introduction “A new downtown is growing (11 years ago).
currently Europe’s largest inner-city development project
Is a blueprint for the development of a European city on the waterfront.
It is located on the Elbe river island.
50 projects are completed and another 37 under construction or in theplanning stage HafenCity- Overview Introduction HafenCity- ESSENTIAL FACTS & FIGURES part of the free port.
but with the decreased economic importance of free ports in an era of European Union free trade, the Hamburg free port was reduced in size Introduction HafenCity- occasion for the plan Introduction General planning basis:
1) -Masterplan 2000
2) -Masterplan revision for eastern HafenCity 2010 1997: Announcement of HafenCity project.
1999: Masterplan competition, winner: Kees Christiaanse / ASTOC2000: Senate passes resolution on Masterplan The foundation of hafencity:
the masterplan hafencity- early the project The future district will be made up of western, central and eastern sections, divided up into ten neighborhoods In the mainly completed west, HafenCity is already a lively place; the center is under construction and preparations for the start of building in the eastern section are under way. The masterplan 2000 The masterplan 2000/ Structural concept The masterplan 2000/ urban planning concept The masterplan 2000 SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF TYPE AND SCALE OF UTILIZATION The masterplan 2000/ OPEN SPACE CONCEPT The masterplan 2000/ FLOOD PROTECTION CONCEPT The masterplan 2000/ Traffic concept Stage of development Thank you for your attention The masterplan 2010 / Maps 6. History of city effect in it’s future “planning”.
7. Some of master plan elements
* land-use * infrastructure *open space
* Population density ……etc
8. The redeveloping project include various elements
9. Management of development very important in planning process.
10. The importance of control and supervision. At the end…….. Lessons Learned:
1. Master plan must be flexible framework.
2. Each city has its identity.
3. City is integrated system of various elements complement each other.
4. how is sustainable strategies increase the project efficient (usage of competition).
5. City is an integral part of a larger system At the end…….. the tidal variation as an opportunity , that characteristics of the duel parallel infrastructure system creates its own problem.
the separate levels of pedestrian walkways around the canal and quay that block lines of sight , breaking continuity within development and create unwelcoming spaces.
the double storied open bridge (illicit activity) Evaluation (Challenges) Subjected to varied criticism and praise , HafenCity is realizing both successes in planning elements and continued challenges that must be resolved to create a rich urban development. Evaluation ( Conclusion) Data
facts Hamburg GmbH since (1997).
is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Free and Hanseatic
the Hamburg Senate.
the Hamburg Land Commission.
by the Ministry of Urban Development and Environment
Juries for urban planning, open space and architectural competitions (private developers, architect and the chief planning office from the BSU.
the district council.
HafenCity Hamburg GmbH and several politicians (from Mitte district or the city parliament). Management of development Hafen City Chronology www.HafenCity.com
www.green-change.com References 11. Financial Management.
12. Distribute planning task into phases.
13. Importance Thinking in the third dimension Urban design .
14. Importance of open space ,green area in planning area.
15. importance of the connection between the existing system and new one.
16. Increase incentives increase the attraction of the project.
17. The importance of publishing (HafenCity.com) and documentation for planning projects. At the end…….. Is HafenCity causing gentrification?
strong monotonous perimeter can be perceived as intimidating or unwelcoming especially when coupled with existing canal
Describe The development as hard and sometimes cold hardscape in comparison to green spaces.
the push for a sustainable development neglected issues of inviting natural landscape design ( lacking trees or other such natural elements for visitor to enjoy (poor soil) Evaluation (Challenges) Stage of development Hafen City Chronology STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT IN HAFENCITY
1997: Announcement of HafenCity project
1999: Masterplan competition, winner: Kees Christiaanse / ASTOC2000
2000: Work on infrastructure, site clearance and company relocation begins
2003: Construction of buildings (Am Sandtorkai / Dalmannkai) begins
2007: Construction begins in central Überseequartier area
2007: Construction of U4 subway begins
2009: Overall completion of first Masterplan for eastern HafenCity 2011
presented and discussed
2010: Completion of Am Sandtorpark / Grasbrook
2012: U4 subway starts running; construction of Am Lohsepark quarter begins
2013: Completion of Elbarkaden and HafenCity University
2014: Baakenhafen neighborhood through the many bridges provide physical connection , the historic-looking buildings that line the northern part of the development create strong monotonous Evaluation (Challenges) Development phases Hafencity quarters 5) More green and high sustainability standards.
- more Squares, small and large“Central
Park” of HafenCity .
- public spaces : 24 to 26 hectares .
- the public waterfront : 10 to 10.5km. Masterplan revision for eastern HafenCity 2010 General planning basis Hafencity quarters Eastern districts get their own profile:
* BaakenHafen : a place to live & for leisure.
* Oberhafen : creative and cultural uses.
* Elbbrücken as a metropolitan location for
business & housing. Masterplan revision for eastern HafenCity 2010 General planning basis The eastern neighborhoods are :
Not as spatially compact
Not as well integrated into the existing city.
traffic also poses special challenges for noise protection.
create special identities for the eastern neighborhoods Masterplan revision for eastern HafenCity 2010 General planning basis * More green and high sustainability standards.
-the innovative heat supply concept ,
- The extension of the U4 subway line to Elbbrücken station
- Excellent road infrastructure Masterplan revision for eastern HafenCity 2010 General planning basis
2010 Land area overall increases from 123 to 126 hectares (partially filling).
the total number of homes in HafenCity from 5,500 to 6,000
Additional primary and secondary schools as well as child daycare facilities (place for families to live)
The number of potential jobs also rises from 40,000 - 45,000 Masterplan revision for eastern HafenCity 2010 General planning basis The masterplan 2000/ Sections Hafencity quarters the whole area will be raised to between 8 and 9m above sea level. The concept of building on artificial compacted mounds (warfts) Brownfield development
Climate-adjustable flood protection
Sustainable urban structure adapted to climate
Efficient use of ground surfaces
Sustainable thermal energy supply Success: