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Top Ten Events of 1919

A timeline of most important to least important events occurring in the year 1919.
by

Kaitlyn Calogero

on 4 January 2013

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Transcript of Top Ten Events of 1919

Treaty of Versailles Women's Suffrage In June, 1919, Senate finally ratified the 19th Amendment which gave women everywhere the ability to vote. The Senate ratifies the 18th Amendment which makes the selling, buying, and production of alcohol illegal. This was a focal point of life in the 1920's. The Red Summer Top Ten Events of 1919 The Paris Peace Conference begins in 1919 and is heavily discussed by the Big Four, with Wilson's voice being ignored. Eventually, the U.S. does not ratify it when it is signed on June 28th, 1919, as the only thing the US obtained was the League of Nations which they did not want. Various racial tensions broke out, especially during the summer of 1919. Riots broke out, particular harsh ones in Texas, DC, and Chicago. Steel Strike In 1919, around 365,000 steel workers went on strike. Many related this to the Bolsheviks, afraid that they were behind it. Seattle General Strike 35,000 shipyard workers walk out on their jobs, and the strike has to be broken up with military assistance. Boston Police
Strike More than 1,000 policemen go on strike, and eventually all strikers are fired. Wilson Wins Nobel Peace
Prize For his efforts in Paris, Wilson wins the Nobel Peace Prize. Black Sox Scandal A theory emerges saying that several White Sox players were allegedly paid by gamblers to lose the World Series. States Ratify
Prohibition The US became incredibly afraid of Communism in 1919 due to the Bolsheviks', a small Communist party starting in the US, rise in power. Part of the Red Scare included several bombs being sent to various political leaders. The Red Scare Person of the Year: Woodrow Wilson
The year 1919 was a tremendous year for politics, with the results of War World I now affecting countries everywhere. President Woodrow Wilson, who had helped lead the Allied Powers to victory, now had to tie things up and make peace between the nations. Through the writing of the Fourteen Points, Wilson attempted to bring about what he felt were the most essential changes to the world. Unfortunately, this failed, and the US never ratified the Treaty of Versailles due to the loss of the many points they wanted added to it.

Wilson, though he had failed at the Paris Peace Conference, changed everything. First of all, the Fourteen Points brought about the end of the war and gave spirit to America and various other countries. Though the rest of the Big Four saw him as a joke, Wilson changed the course of American history. The majority of his points were never added in and Germany was held completely accountable for the cause of the war and had to pay serious war reparations. This eventually led to the rise of Hitler and World War II. Along with this, Wilson was the executive power who ratified the 18th and 19th Amendments, which sparked the ideals of the “Roaring Twenties.” He, along with Congress, is the one who enfranchised women everywhere. He also prohibited alcohol, which was a huge factor in society in the 1920’s- it launched the illegal use of alcohol. Prohibition was not harshly enforced, and therefore was not a hard law to break if one had the means to get alcohol. As the executive power, he basically set up the tone and mood of the 1920’s. He too won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1919 for his efforts in the Paris Peace Conference and remained president up until the election of 1920.

Hence, Wilson is the “person of the year,” as the most influential person throughout the year. Though he failed in some aspects, such as with the Treaty of Versailles, he overall made the most affect that lead to the future of the United States of America. His lasting impression is still here today, and was definitely there throughout the 1920’s. The #1 Event of 1919

The #1 event of 1919 was the Paris Peace Conference/ Treaty of Versailles situation as a whole. At the end of World War I, the “Big Four” nations met and devised an alleged treaty together: Woodrow Wilson from the United States, Premier Vittorio Orlando from Italy, Premier Georges Clemenceau from France, and Prime Minister David Lloyd George from Great Britain. The Conference, which started January 18, 1919, created one of the biggest failures in United States and World History. The Paris Conference created the Treaty of Versailles, in which Germany had to pay major war reparations and take full responsibility regarding the cause of the Great War. The Treaty of Versailles also includes Wilson’s most cherished League of Nations. Wilson was willing to give up almost all of his Fourteen Points in order to include and create the League of Nations.

The Treaty of Versailles, when it came to ratification, was ratified by every nation involved except for the most important, the United States. Many people in general, specifically Republicans, did not like the Treaty and its terms. More specifically, senators like Henry Cabot Lodge did not in any way want to ratify the League of Nations as is. People hated Article X of the League, which morally bound the United States to aid any member victimized by external aggression. When it came time for ratification, Lodge tacked on “Fourteen Reservations” to the League of Nations. This angered Wilson, and he told all of his fellow Democrat senators not to ratify the Treaty. Therefore, when it came time for ratification not once, but twice, it ultimately was rejected. This was a disgrace to Woodrow Wilson because the one thing he desperately wanted, the League of Nations, was vetoed in the United States.

This is the #1 Event for the year of 1919 for many reasons. This marked one of the hugest failures in history. This event showed how Wilson ultimately failed in accomplishing what he wanted from the outcome of World War I. This one event changed future history, too. The failure of the League of Nations and the Treaty of Versailles ultimately set the scene for World War II. Since one of the major world powers did not ratify the Treaty of Versailles, the League fell apart. Without the United States involved, the League could not survive. This one event foreshadows another world war that is not far away, therefore making it the most important event in 1919. In addition, the fact that the United States did not ratify the Treaty of Versailles isolates the United Stated from other world powers. This marks another “new age” in American History in which United States citizens support isolationism and do not want to get involved with international affairs. All in all, the Paris Conference and failure of the Treaty of Versailles is the #1 event in the year of 1919. Fun and Interesting Facts About 1919

1919 was a year full of many important events. It was such a momentous year that many not-so-important, but interesting things were left out of the Top 10 list. First, on January 9, 1919, the beloved and cherished Theodore Roosevelt died. Roosevelt was 60 when he passed, and the nation mourned collectively. His death marked the unofficial end of the Progressive Era and the Progressive party. Sure, the Progressive party lived on for a few more years, but it did not even make a dent in legislation compared to Roosevelt’s contributions to the party. 1919 was also the year that President Woodrow Wilson suffered from a severe stroke while campaigning to pass the League of Nations. This event marks the decline in health of the most important man in America at the time. Wilson never fully recovers from the stroke, foreshadowing his death.

Entertainment-wise, 1919 was a year for firsts. In 1919, sports started to become a “big business”. This was the year that horse Man-O-War made his first-ever debut in the races. Why is this important? Because Man-O-War is considered to be the greatest race horse in history. Man-O-War won every single race he was entered in except for one- the Sanford Memorial Stakes, which was in 1919. People admired and loved this horse. This one horse shows how sports started to become a huge business in 1919. 1919 was also the year that Babe Ruth became a prominent baseball player. People all over the nation admired him. This year he crushed the single-season home-run record at that time, with 29 home runs. This was something the people raved over. Another interesting sports event in 1919 is Jack Dempsey becoming the heavyweight champion of the world. Sports stars like Babe Ruth and Jack Dempsey were now admired and idolized all over the nation, marking the beginning of a new era.

Some interesting miscellaneous facts about 1919 include Oregon putting a one cent per gallon tax on gasoline, marking the first state to impose a tax on gasoline. This starts a trend for the rest of the states. In addition, this was the year that Felix the Cat, the first-ever animated cartoon character, was created. This is a monumental event in the world of entertainment! In 1919, Eugene V. Debs, renowned socialist, goes to the Atlanta Federal Penitentiary in Atlanta, Georgia due to the fact that he spoke out against the draft during World War I. This is a prime example of the execution of the Espionage and Sedition Acts during this time period. The Supreme Court also upholds the Espionage and Sedition Acts this year through the case Schenck v. US. In this Supreme Court case, it was established that a person’s first amendment right to freedom of speech is limited, specifically when what a person says presents a “clear and present danger” to surrounding citizens. Overall, 1919 was a momentous year for the United States in many different ways. It foreshadows what more is to come in future years! The Big Four Police officers breaking up steel strike Chicago White Sox Women protesting alcohol
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