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Figurative Language: Metaphor and Simile

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Ashley Sheaff

on 11 October 2013

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Transcript of Figurative Language: Metaphor and Simile

Figurative Language: Metaphor and Simile
What is Figurative Language?
Figurative Language: uses
figures of speech
(a phrase that says one thing and means another). Should not be taken literally only.

Example:
When I wake up in the morning, I feel like I’m walking through fog.

We will study the Figurative Language of
Similes and Metaphors
Simile and Metaphor in Everyday Life
Digging Deeper: Simile and Metaphor
Simile: uses “like” or “as” to make a comparison between two unlike things

Metaphor: comparison is not expressed with like or as, but is created when a figurative term is substituted or identified with the literal term
Activity #1
Metaphor and Simile in "Dream Deferred"
Complete the following tasks/questions with your partner, and be prepared to share your answers with the class:
Circle the similes. How many can you count?
Underline the one metaphor.
Looking at the figurative language, what do you think "deferred" means?
Knowing Langston Hughes was an African American poet during the Harlem Renaissance, when African Americans faced discrimination in the realms of education, courts of law, careers, and many more, what kind of “dream” could the speaker be referring to, and why? (use evidence – figurative language – from the text).
Activity #2
Create your own Figurative Language
What did we learn?
Comparison
: the relation of two different things

Figurative Language
: language that says one thing and means another, cannot be taken literally

Simile
: a comparison between two things; expressed with "like" or "as"

Metaphor
: comparison is not expressed, but created when a figurative term is substituted for or identified with the literal term
What are metaphors and similes?
Definition: figures of speech that are used as a means to
compare
things that are essentially unlike.
The captain barked
orders at his crew.
Riding on a crowded bus is like being packed in a can of sardines.
Why are Similes and Metaphors important?
They are a part of our everyday lives in conversation, movies, music, and advertisements.
Everyday Speech...
"My best friend is good as gold"
"You can't have your cake and eat it too."
"Track is my favorite sport, so winning the race was just icing on the cake."
"My grandma tells me I'm cute as a button."
In Movies...
"Annie Hall" 1977

A relationship is like a shark.
Life is like a box of chocolates.


In Music...
In advertisement...
Music: Drake’s song “Forever”
Lyrics:
Last name Ever, first name Greatest
Like a sprained ankle boy, I ain’t nothin to play with
Music: Weezer's song
"Say It Ain't So"
Lyrics:
Say it ain't so,
My love is a life-taker.
Music: Kanye West's song
"Lost in the World"
Lyrics:
You're my devil, you're my angel
You're my heaven, you're my hell
You're my now, you're my forever
You're my freedom, you're my jail
You're my lies, you're my truth
You're my war, you're my truce
You're my questions, you're my proof

Think back to our original examples:
Which one is the metaphor, and which one is the simile?
The captain barked
orders at his crew.
Riding on a crowded bus is like being packed in a can of sardines
Create your own simile and metaphor. Write your examples on your handout. This will be collected.

1. Simile: Write a simile that compares reading poetry to something.
2. Metaphor: Write a metaphor that compares a family member to something.
"Forrest Gump" 1994
The computer is compared to an in-person support staff.
The child is compared to a loudspeaker.
1. To find the similarities and differences between two objects or ideas.
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