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Advanced Textiles

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Fifih Irfawani

on 10 December 2014

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Transcript of Advanced Textiles

ADVANCED TEXTILES
Caner Özgür Emir
Fifih Irfawani

Contents
The Evolution of Textile Industry
Advanced Textiles
Innovation & Technology in Advanced Textiles
Market of Advanced Textiles
The Future of Advanced Textiles
Today's Textile Industry
Advanced Textiles
Technology & Innovation in Advanced Textiles
''Smart textiles are fabrics that have been developed with new technologies that provide added value to the wearer''.





Technology & Innovation in Advanced Textiles
Different methods of categorizing

- Rebeccah Pailes - Friedman, Professor at Pratt Institute as well as an author and researcher on smart textiles and wearable technologies (Forbes 5/07/2014)
Different products
Classic approach:
the manufacturing plants according to the fiber being processed that is cotton, wool, or synthetics.
Modern approach:
the manufacturing plants according to their particular operation such as crocheting and pressing the fibers, spinning, weaving, knitting, knotting, apparel making, etc.
o High performance fibers for ballistic protection
o Non woven fiberglass
o Hybrid composite cloths
o Next generation of geotextiles for industrial applications
Modern techniques, electronics, and innovation - a competitive, low-priced textile industry, offering almost any type of cloth or design a person could desire.
In 2007, DuPont selected its Cooper River plant in Berkeley, South Carolina for a $500 million investment to expand the production of Kevlar® for both military and industrial use. Plans include the construction of a new Kevlar® fiber facility that will ultimately increase global Kevlar® production by more than 25%. This facility is part of a national plan that is the single largest investment in Kevlar® production since its introduction in 1965.
The Evolution of Textile Industry
The Ancient Period
The Medieval Period
The Industrial Revolution
Innovation is the blood of processing the advanced materials.
More innovative companies, institutions will get more competitive advantage in the market.

Core activity is research
Research centers are welcoming input from companies, educational institutions or individuals who are keen to work with them to advance new ideas and technology.

New technologies expand the capabilities of a business, or even create a whole new industry.
References
Textiles were produced on a domestic basis.
Depended on the area and the time they were being made.
Three basic steps in making clothing : spinning, knitting, weaving
A number of new innovations led to the industrialization of the textile industry in Great Britain - Accounted for almost 25% of total export made at that time

John Wyatt and Lewis Paul:
The flying shuttle (1733)
The flyer-and-bobbin system (1738)
The Roller Spinning (1738)

Lewis Paul:
The carding machine (1748)
The spinning jenny (1764).

Richard Arkwright: The water frame (1771)

Edmund Cartwright: The power loom (1784)
Inventions
Lancashire
center of cotton industry
The Future of Advanced Textiles
The evolution of traditional textiles to advanced textiles has changed consumer behaviours and necessary facts to gain economies of scale and advantage in the industry
Due to the use of high technology, cheap labor is no longer comparative advantage, but highly skilled and highly educated workers.
Nanotechnology, polymer science, and biological science amongst others and these multi-disciplinary advances that are applied in advanced textiles will continue to act as a catalyst for future growth.
Huge investment is needed to keep industry marketable.
The earliest known woven textiles of the Near East may be fabrics used to wrap the dead, excavated in Anatolia
Cotton is used by the Indus Valley Civilization in India
Linen bandages were used in the burial custom of mummification in Egypt
Silk production in China
http://sccommerce.com/sites/default/files/document_directory/Advanced_Materials_-_Industry_Growth_and_Change_in_South_Carolina_2008.pdf

http://www.textileschool.com/articles/178/evolution-of-textile-industry

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kevlar

http://www.pasta-project.eu/

http://advancedtextilessource.com/advanced-textile-products/

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S016649721300076X

http://www.marketsandmarkets.com/Market-Reports/protective-clothing-market-1278.html

http://www.ntu.ac.uk/research/document_uploads/134380.pdf

http://smartextiles.co.uk/overview/application/textiles-clothing/

http://investors.dupont.com/files/doc_downloads/2013%20DuPont%20AR.pdf
Market of Advanced Textiles
Automotive industry - the largest and the most diverse market
Tyre cord, hose, drive belt, safety belt, airbags
Interior furnishing
Medical & hygiene
Babies' nappies, feminine hygienes
Military & Safety
Textile and Apparel Establishments in South Carolina, 1990-2007
"Advanced textiles are the culmination of years of research, growth, and innovation in the traditional textile, chemical, and plastics industries."
-South Carolina Department of Commerce, 2008
PLATFORM FOR ADVANCED SMART TEXTILES APPLICATIONS
Research centers do not finance themselves
Key task: position in textile market
Open innovation center
Money has been spending well
YES
1)

There are improvements and new composites
2) Inspiration for industry to invest and to innovate

NO 1)
Many institutes focus on smart textiles & nanotechnology
2) Hard to produce spin offs
Environtmental waste should be concerned more for sustainability
Full transcript