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The Evolution of Fashion - Eighteenth Century

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zeenia Akram

on 6 December 2012

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Transcript of The Evolution of Fashion - Eighteenth Century

Timeline Types of Clothing Worn 0 + - = 9 8 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 c In the 18th century women wore 4 types/layers of clothing; undergarments, foundation garments, daily garments, and outer garments. For undergarments women wore over the knee stockings, drawers, and chemise. For foundation garments, women wore kerchiefs, pumps and corsets. For daily garments, women wore gowns and caps. For outer garments, women usually wore shawls, reticules, brogans and earnings. In the 18th century men wore Banyans, Breeches, Coats, clocks, Cravats, great Coats, hats, hunting shirts, leggings, Monmouth Caps, Neck Handkerchiefs, neglige Caps, Shirts, shoes, Stockings and Suits. For undergarments men wore trousers, under drawers, and waistcoats. Men also commonly wore wigs that were commonly made of horse, goat, or yak hair. Looking Through the Eighteenth Century 1760 •In 1733 Flying shuttle invented by John Kay was an improvement to looms that enabled weavers to weave faster. 1730 1740 •In 1742 Cotton mills were first opened in England. •Machine made lace available. •Spinning Jenny was invented, the first machine
to improve upon the spinning wheel. •Water frame invented it was the first powered textile machine. 1770 • In 1779 Crompton invented the spinning mule that allowed for greater control over the weaving process. •Tailors in Paris begin to use fabric left over from orders to make items of clothing to be sold ready to wear to the man with cash that the item fit.

•Cotton was introduced into the United States from the West Indies.

•England had developed various manufacturing processes and weaving machines that were kept secret. 1790 • A model of the sewing machine was made. • The cotton gin was developed and with the availability of raw materials and technology.


• Clothing to protect the body was formed from two major sources, animal hides and textiles. -main changes or inventions 1780 The cotton gin is a machine that was invented in the 18th century which helps to clean cotton plants it also helped clean cotton in bigger quantities which means, the fabric was made in a bigger quantity. The spinning jenny is a hand-powered multiple spinning machine invented in the 18th century which made it possible to spin more than one ball of yarn or thread. The invention allowed a faster process of making yarns and threads that also means that fashions can be made in a faster process.
The power loom was a steam-powered and mechanically operated invention in the 18th century which operated to allow the process of combining threads to make cloth. This invention affected the production of fashion because, it made the process of combining the threads much easier. Cotton Gins The Spinning Jenny Power Loom The Sewing Machine Needle Instructions on how to use a sewing needle in a machine was invented in the 18th century. This invention had a big influence on the production of fashion because, it described how to use a needle in a machine, which is faster, easier, and more accurate than hand needles. The Sewing Machine The sewing machine was invented 18th century invention that sews and stitches cloths. The sewing machine had a massive influence on fashion production because; it allowed the making of garments at a faster and easier pace. The sewing machine also gave people the option to produce many new and different types of stitches in a more accurate manner. Measuring tape The measuring tape is an 18th century invention that allowed the measuring of chest, waist, and hips easily. From then on, the idea of sizes was developed. This invention greatly affected the production of fashion because, it added a whole new dynamic to the proportion of the clothes. Since then on, different sizes were made to fit different body shapes and sizes became a regular part of the production and selling of clothes. Inventions to Produce Fabric Inventions to Produce Garments The Influences of Inventions of the Fashion Industry Richard Arkwright patented the invention of the spinning frame and put it into use.The spinning frame is a machine used to spin thread or yarn from fibers. This produced thread which was both uniform and strong and made the production of clothes much easier.

Arkwright used water power to drive the spinning frame. This invention was called a water frame. He created one of the first factories that was built to have machinery rather than just bringing workers together. This reduced the amount of human labour needed and produced large amounts of thread.

Steam engines were also used. Arkwright built the first steam powered textile factory. This factory produced big quantities of yarn very quickly and efficiently. Development of Factories
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