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Is Canada the Greatest Country To Live In?
Transcript of Is Canada the Greatest Country To Live In?
Canada is a country with a lot of potential. It offers multiculturalism, different landforms, a strong economy and a sustainable future. This project, will expand on the idea "What makes Canada a great country."
Canada has the 11th largest economy in the world, one of the world’s wealthiest nation and a member of the Organization Economic Co-operation and Development( international economic growth organization to stimulate world trade). Canada is expected to continue to see growth in its economic sector as a result of having their major importing countries.
Canada’s main exporting countries are their NAFTA partners (North American Free Trade Agreement) with U.S.A and Mexico. This agreement enables these countries to trade within each other without tariffs (taxes) and trade barriers, better known as free trade. Since NAFTA came into effect, trade and investment levels have increased, bringing economic growth to Canadian communities. In 2008, trade between Canada to the U.S.A have tripled accounting for 74% of Canada’s exports. Canada’s major exports are mineral fuels and oils. Canada relies on their NAFTA partners to provid many resources that aren't gorwn/manufactured in Canada. As mentioned before, Canada has a variety of different landforms containing minerals such as gold, zinc, copper, led and oil (mainly Canada’s primary industries) that many countries depend on.
Industries & Economic Development
Canada has a range of different landform regions in Canada, these include the Canadian Shield, Appalachians, Western Cordillera, Innutian Mountains, Interior Plains, St.Lawrence Lowlands/ Great Lakes and the Lowlands. The movement of Earth’s plates and the resulting folding, faulting and volcanic activity have combined with the forces of erosion and glaciations to create the variety of physical regions in Canada.
Multiculturalism is the foundation to build a healthy and secure community. In 1971, Canada was the first country in the world to adopt multiculturalism as an official policy (The Canadian Multiculturalism Act). Multiculturalism in Canada is the sense of an equal celebration of racial, religious and cultural backgrounds. In Canada, everyone is treated equally and appreciates each others' culture differences. Data from the 2011, National Household Survey states that Canada is a country of "culture mosaic" as seen in people's religious culture backgrounds.
Immigration in Canada
The Canadian Shields also known as the Precambrian Shields acts as the foundation of other landform region. The Shield occupies more than half of Canada (covering most of Nunavut, Quebec, Labrador and a large portion of Saskatchewan). It mainly is rock that was once mountains millions of years ago. Through the process of erosion, water, ice, glaciers from the Ice age and wind the rock has wore down making it flatter. The shield is composed of granite and the earth’s greatest area of exposed Precambrian rock (igneous and metamorphic rock formed about 500 million years ago.
The Appalachia region was formed 300 million years ago. . It is located on Canada’s eastern coast. This region covers New Brunswick, P.E.I, Nova Scotia and a part of Quebec. Layers of sedimentary rock were lifted and folded during the formation of Pangaea (when all the continents were one). Glaciations have also played a big role in the creation of the Appalachian region as well. The climate in the Appalachia is normally cooler than the areas in-land. The cold waters from the south of the Arctic ocean causes the freezing seasons in the area. This means that Appalachia has long winters and short cool summers. In this region, there are many forests surrounding rivers, as there is an abundance of fertile soil. However, there isn’t any fertile soil on land near the mountains, hence there is little to no vegetation found there.
Industries & Economic
Canada as a whole is rapidly growing, many locations that were undeveloped areas are urbanizing into community where families can live. As the country develops it needs to be constructed in a way so that it promotes human interaction and sustainable for future generations. Man provinces/territories have taken responsibility to ensure this for the future.
One great concept that Canada is doing to make a sustainable community are rooftop gardens such as the company "Alternatives" in Montreal. Alternatives have been promoting to reuse unused spaces such as rooftops, terraces and balconies for developing new productive green space. The goal is to simply, make food that are affordable, and save space. This type of production is seen as a way to deal with increasing urbanization, and pollution of urban populations.
This is just one step that Canada has taken towards sustainable communities.
What is Canada doing?
St. Lawrence Lowlands
- Relatively flat land with rounded hills of metamorphic rock
- In the last ice age, glaciers scraped soil away and formed many lakes
- Exposed bed rock because of glaciations
- Smooth hills, forests and lakes, mountains
- Thin acidic soil to support the coniferous forests( trees like fir, pine and spruce)
- rich source of metallic minerals such as iron, nickel, copper, zinc, uranium, gold, silver, platinum and molybdenum
- moose, caribou, wolverines,
- weasels, mink, otters, beaver, grizzlies and black bears
Canada has numerous primary (related with the extraction of raw materials into products), secondary(manufacturing raw materials) and tertiary (service-based industry) industries across Canada.
Primary Industries play a significant role, in regards to Canada’s exports. In 2012, 52% of all exported goods were raw materials. Canada is not leading in its primary industry with its trading partners but because of our oil industries Canada still remains significant.
Canada has a sizable secondary industry accounting for about 30% of Canada’s overall exports. The country is popular for its automobile, seafood and aircraft industry,
Now, Canada is mainly known for its tertiary industry (also known as the service sector) as it employs about three-quarters of Canadians and 78% of GDP. The largest employer in the service-sector is the retail business, employing almost 12% of Canadians. This industry also focuses on its business services, education and health.
With the tertiary-sector Canada’s leading industry it distinguishes Canada as a developed country because of its advanced education and health care system and job opportunities. This makes Canada a socially and economically developed country.
The Immigration has contributed to the many ethnic groups in Canadian communities. Each immigration wave has brought several cultural groups to our nation.
From the 1900s to 1910, the majority of Canada’s immigration was from the West. This included U.S.A, Russia, Austria and the majority of Europe. During this time, Canada was giving incentives to any immigrant who would come to Canada such as giving away free land to anybody who claimed it in the Prairies. Additionally, Canada was constructing a railway and needed people to work along the railway, this provided job opportunities to settlers. In 1941 to 1960, it was mainly refugees of war (Poland, Italy, Netherlands, Germany, and Hungary). Canada was the only country to accept refugees who were escaping from the aftermath of World War II. From 1981 to 2000, immigrants settled here because of choice, their home country didn’t provide the best living conditions. Push factors such as over population, little or no education, few job opportunities and health care derived these immigrants from their country.
Free health care
Brings families together (Family Immigrant)
- rich source of metallic minerals such as iron, nickel, copper, zinc, uranium, gold, silver, platinum and molybdenum
- Hydro-Electricity – the Shield surrounds the Hudson Bay that provides many bodies of water which is ideal to generate electricity.
- Fish, camp, hunt, water ski, canoe and horseback riding
- Plateau-like flat topped mountains
- Flat uplands
- Rocky cliffs
- Scattered elevations
- Sugar maple, white pine and eastern hemlock form a rich mixedwood forest
- White and black spruce and balsam fir
- Dry areas are characterized by red oak, red pine and white pine; wet sites by red maple, black ash and eastern white cedar.
- Rock climbing
- Winter activities (sking, snowboarding etc)
The Canadian Cordillera, attached to the American cordillera, stretches from the Rocky Mountains in the east to the Pacific Ocean. The Cordillera mostly lies within British Columbia and Yukon Territories. The great heights and “jagged” of the mountains, indicating that there hasn’t been enough time for the weather and erosion to take place to wear down these mountains. The climate of the Cordillera’s coast is mild, wet and rarely has snow that stays. The interior of the Cordillera is usually colder and dryer with larger amounts of snow. In the summer, it is warmer and there is less rain.
- Many fresh bodies of water (ex. Fraser Rivers)
- Young and large mountains(ex. Rocky Mountains)
- Plateaus, valleys and plains
- Gently rolling upland in its interior plateaus
- igneous and metamorphic rock and contains valuable metals such as copper, zinc and gold
- Coniferous trees like pine
- The abundance of vegetation relies on the height of the mountains, if they are high there will be little or no vegetation however if there’re low mountains there will be coniferous tress scattered everywhere
- Mountain biking
- Horse riding
- Mountain climbing
The Interior Plains is located between the Cordillera and the Canadian Shield. It is found in the Yukon, Northwest Territories, British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba. The Interior Plains is also known as the Prairies because of the flat grasslands in Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba. The climate varies throughout the year and aren’t too harsh. In most areas summers are humid, reaching up to 30˚ however winters can be cold. Many farmers grow crops in the Interior Plains because of its great land and climate.
- Hills, cliffs and low mountains
- Very flat land
- Fertile soil
- Wide river valleys
- Deciduous trees
- Long roots like bluestems
- Porcupine grass
- June grass
- Farming/agriculture(crops such as wheat, barley, oats, potatoes and sugar beets are grown)
- Rodeos, stampedes and agriculture shows for tourism
- oil, natural gas, coal , potash copper, zinc, and uranium
The Great Lakes – St.Lawrence Lowlands covers southern parts of Ontario and Quebec. It was formed when faulting (cracks in the Earth's crust) created a rift valley (a valley created when the part of land between the cracks in the Earth's crust drops down.) It was then flooded by part of the Atlantic Ocean which laid down the sediments that provided this area with fertile soil. The Great Lakes climate is humid, continental climate, meaning that it has dry climate with cold winters and very hot summers. The Great Lakes also raise the temperature in the surrounding areas in winter by storing heat.
- flat rolling lands
- fertile soil
- deciduous and coniferous trees (such as walnut, hemlock, maple and oak)
- many fruits (cherries, grapes and apples) and vegetables (beans and carrots)
- agriculture industry
- mining industry for resources like zinc and lead
- brick and tile manufacturing
- Niagara Falls
- Swimming, hockey, lacrosse, and fishing
Arctic and Hudson Lowlands
Located between the Canadian Shield and the Innutian region is a swampy, lowland plain called the Arctic and Hudson Bay Lowlands. They are made up of a series of islands located in Canada's far north, and have a gently rolling landscape. These regions mainly consist of layers of sedimentary rock resting on top of ancient rocks on the Canadian Shield.
- Swampy forests
- Cotton grass
- Trees (Alder, Birch and willow)
- Mining of lignite, natural gas and limestones
- Fishing (plenty of marine life)
So what makes Canada so great? Well its different landforms have provided many natural resources and tourist attractions that have benefited the economy. Canada's government passed the Federal Sustainable Developed Act, ensuring to canadian citizens that there will be more sustainable practices in the community. In conclusion, Canada has been very successful in its years, therefore yes I do think its a great country!
By: Hamiz Shahid
From immigrant's home country
Immigrating to Canada
Canada's primary Industries
In recent years, Canada has been constructing upwards (upward expansion) rather than outwards (urban sprawl), to minimize the amount of land used. As Canada continues to urbanize, we will need land for different land uses ( recreational, industrial etc.). This means that Canada can provide homes for more people The unused land are being used as a natural attraction/scenery and to increase human interactions such as an outdoor ice rink.
By: Hamiz Shahid