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Big History Project

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Oumaima Ouaissa

on 18 June 2015

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Transcript of Big History Project

ANW
Big History Project
4V2 Calandlyceum
2014-2015

The Big Bang
THE STARS LIGHT UP
New chemical elements
Earth & The Solar System
Life on Earth
Agriculture
Summary
3.8 Billion years ago
LUCA
3.6 billion
2.0 Billion
first eukaryotes
600 million
multicelled organisms
500 million
first fish
350-300 million
eggs
300 million
mamals
250 million
dinosaurs
75 million
primates
4 million
bipedal apes
THE IMPORTANCE OF THE EGG
Unit 1.0 What is Big History?
WHY BECOME BIPEDAL?
Savanna

Lot of grass

Few trees

Sight

Free hands
200 thousand
first humans
Always return to the water
First land animals amfibious
Leathery shell
A piece of sea on land
13,7 biljoen jaar

1e treshold

Het universum

Ruimte, tijd, materie en energie
Hoe begon alles?
Isaac Newton
4,56 Billion years ago
Supernova nearby
Gassy cloud spins
Atoms start to fuse
Sun lights up, 99,99%
Gassy planets, Rocky planets
4,55 - 4,53 Billion year ago
Earth forms
Meteorites
Elements sink/float
Crust & Atmosphere
Forming of the moon
Crust forms again
Sevim
Marte
Bianca
Rik
Ilhame
Gaétan + Anass
Oumaima
1912 Alfred Wegener
Continental drift theory
no explaination
50 years later confirmed
Side-note
Hadean Eon
4,4 - 3,8 Billion years ago
Archean Eon
3,8 - 2,5 Billion years ago
The great oxidation event
2,4 Billion years ago

2.5 million
The Phanerozoic Eon
524 Million years ago
Homo habilis
Hydrothermal vents
First forms of life on Earth
First photosynthesizes
2,8 billion years ago, cyanobacteria produce oxygen
More and more oxygen
Anaerobe creatures go extinct
Oxygen forms ozone layer
Protection
Reduction of greenhouse gases
Earth becomes colder
Snowball Earths
2,4 to 2,2 billion years ago
400 million years ago,
Vascular plants with tissues
300 million years ago, forest
Oxygen level rises more
Greater diversity of life
Atmosphere remains stable
Comets and meteor impacts
Volcanic activity, magma
Oceans of chemically rich waters
Greenhouse gasses
(methane and carbon dioxide)
Acceleration
Het antropocene
Karl Marx
Where did everything come from?
Origin stories
Answering these questions with biology, chemistry, astronomy & history
Begin agriculture

Verandering klimaat

Graan en schapen
Waarom was agriculture zo belangrijk?
Oorsprong steden
Irrigatie
Vraag naar koningen
Antropos

De mens

Globale soort

7 miljard mensen
David Christian
World historian
Bill Gates
University of Oxford
68 years old

Big history is de studie van het leven

1. Alles begon met de Big Bang
2. Sterren ontstonden 200 miljoen jaar hierna
3. Door stervende sterren is chemie ontstaan
4. Door een supernova is ons zonnestelsel ontstaan
5. Wij weten niet precies hoe het leven is ontstaan
6. De mensen zijn de meest krachtige organismen
7. Dankzij agriculture ontstonden steden en netwerken
8. De industriële revolutie is de klap op de vuurpijl

De toekomst is onvoorspelbaar


De moderne revolutie

19e eeuw tot nu

Industriële revolutie

Anthropocene

Karl Marx

Laatste treshold
Homo Sapiens
Multicellular organisms

Asteroid

Ancestors

New threshold
What makes us so different?
Collective learning
Een hemel zonder sterren

Kouder, voornamelijk helium en waterstof en gelijk

Kleine verschillen

Atomen botsen

Stars, galaxies en super galaxies

Maar wat?
Innovaties

Machines

Fossiele brandstoffen

Textielhandel

First humans
Hunters and gatherers

Fish and reptiles

Tools
How did they live?
Jane Goodall
Universum vol met sterren maar...

Helium en waterstof raken op

Super nova

Periodiek systeem

Dmitri Mendeleev

Carl Saga:
' We are made of star-stuff '
Antropologist

Gombe, Tanzania

Tools, meat, violent

Inspiration
Uitbreiding van de mensheid
Stop nomadisch bestaan
Ontwikkeling dieren en planten
Expansion & Interconnection
Wat gebeurde er?
Technologie.
Filosoof

Arbeidersbeweging

Het kapitaal

Het communistisch manifest
Early human

Agriculture

Marco Polo

Ibn Battuta

Collective learning
Marco Polo
Born Venice, 1254

Niccolo Polo

Emperor Kublai Khan
Ibn Battuta
Tangier, 1304

21 years

Ibn Juzay
Full transcript