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APUSH- Supreme Court Cases: Roe v. Wade
Transcript of APUSH- Supreme Court Cases: Roe v. Wade
Roe vs. Wade (1973)
Significance Of The Roe v. Wade Case
Final Decision Of The Supreme Court
Facts About The Roe v. Wade Case
was a citizen of Texas that was
with her third child and
wanted to have an abortion
state laws made abortion illegal
On Abortion, Right to Privacy & Personal Liberty
This Supreme Court Case was argued starting from
December 13, 1971
. It was reargued
October 11, 1972
. The final decision was made on
January 22, 1973
Northern Region of Texas
1. The Roe v. Wade case caused all state laws that limited a women's access to abortions during the first trimester of pregnancy to become invalidated.
(Basically, woman could now abort past three months!)
Roe won 7 to 2
. The court declared that the prohibition of abortion was unclear and breaks the terms stated in the law.
Abortion violated the guarantee of personal liberty and the right to privacy
that was guaranteed in the 1st, 4th, 5th, 9th, and 14th Amendments.
These Amendment promised that
people still have other rights not stated in the Constitution
people have equal protection under the law
made abortion legal in the state
and slowly spread throughout the US.
She then decided to
refer to attorneys Linda Coffee and Sarah Weddington
. Using the name
, she sued.
She argued that the state of Texas was
violating her right to privacy.
Not only were they
prohibiting the abortion
, but also telling her what to do with her own body.
It was argued that
abortion was murder
and that there was an irresistible
state interest requiring them to protect the life of the unborn child.
2. Abortion was restricted by State laws during the second trimester ONLY for the purpose of protecting the health of the pregnant woman.
(So, ONLY if the abortion could case harm to the woman, she was not allowed to have the abortion!)
3. Roe v. Wade legalized abortion in the United States. Previously, abortions had not been legal at all in many states and were limited by law in others.
(After that case was finalized, all women in the US could have abortions!)
Connections Of The Case
A constitutional principle related to this case is
people have the right to peacefully ask the government to change a problem or to make a new law
two cases on abortion set the stage for Roe
. They both fought for the right to give abortions to both married and single women.
Griswold v. Connecticut (1965)
(Eisenstadt v. Baird, 1972).
Warren E. Burger
William O. Douglas
William J. Brennan, Jr.
Lewis F. Powell, Jr.
Her friends advised her to ask for legal abortion by falsely claiming that she had been raped since
Texas law only allowed abortion if the victim was raped or had incest
. This failed because there were no police reports that documented the rape.
She then tried to get an
, but the
the unauthorized cite had been shut down by the police.
The use of these cites by women tended to
result in death of both mother and child since it was not regulated
in the case was Dallas County District Attorney
Henry Wade. He represented the State of Texas.