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Al-Anfal Campaign

The Kurdish Genocide

Ivahna Levine

on 29 July 2013

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Transcript of Al-Anfal Campaign

The Kurdish Genocide Al-Anfal Campaign Was a genocidal campaign against the Kurdish people (and other non-Arab populations). Who The Al-anfal campaign was led by Saddam Hussein and headed by Ali Hassan al-Majid in the final stages of Iran-Iraq War. Why is this considered a genocide? Atrocities History The campaign lasted 1986-1989 How it was stopped? Iraq begun to use chemical weapons in 1987 to battle the Kurdish opposition. The Iraqis used chemical weapons and heavy bombardments to slaughter civilian populations. They used mustard gas. Map of Kurdistan Picture of Saddam Hussein Wiped out 90% of Kurdish villages in targeted areas. Destroyed about 4,000 villages (out of 4,655) in Iraqi Kurdistan. The campaign included the use of ground offensives, aerial bombing, systematic destruction of settlements, mass deportation, firing squads, and chemical warfare. An estimated 17,000 people disappeared. The campaign also targeted other communities in Iraq including Assyrians, Shabaks, Iraqi Turkmens, Yazidis, Jews, Mandeans, and many villages belonging to these ethnic groups were also destroyed. Approximately 182,000 Kurds died during the Al-Anfal campaign. Saddam came into power and his people were minorities, so he treated the other tribes and ethnic groups harshly because he wanted to maintain the power of his party and his people. Video Presentation of the Kurdish Genocide Saddam Hussein was sentenced to death by hanging. With his death, all other charges were dropped. In December 2006 Saddam was put on trial for the genocide during Operation Anfal. On 23 June 2007 Ali Hassan al-Majid, and two co-defendants were convicted of genocide and related charges and were also sentenced to death by hanging. Flag of Kurdistan The Iraqis had economic power, and wanted to maintain it. The Iraqis wanted the Kurdish land.
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