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Iranian Revolution 1979 and Persepolis

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Daniela Rojas

on 26 September 2013

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Transcript of Iranian Revolution 1979 and Persepolis

The Islamic Revolution of 1979 and Persepolis
Chaotic and Fractured government
Ayatollah Khomeini returns to throne after 14 years
Revolutionary Courts
Split in Executive Power
Further Tumult
Iranian Hostage Crisis
Decline in presidential support and power
Tensions with the West
Repression of basic rights

Women's Rights

“Ideal Revolutionary Woman”
housewife and mother
respectful to fathers, husbands or brothers
must cover all but the face and hands
stay separate from men in public places
surveyed by "morals police"

During the revolution, women:
Open up job opportunities
Tried to narrow the education gap
Participated in the revolution

Results of Participation(Progressive)
There were only some progressive laws passed in favor of women.
They earned many privileges, yet many of their rights were restricted.
Cultural Change (Traditional)

Modernization (Persia Iran)
World War II
Western invasions
Economic turmoil
Dissatisfaction with the regime

Dialectic Materialism
Marxist principle
Key tenet of communism
Idea that all historical change created by friction between classes


Formation of Islamic Republic

April 1979 referendum transforms Iran into Islamic Republic
New Constitution Drawn up and first president Abolhasan Bani-Sadr is elected.

Fomenting the Revolution
Shah extremely secular ,westernized
the poor were more religious
Shah abused his power
Increased divergence between classes

Who was Secular?
The rich
The well educated

Royals as Cultural Icons
Class Differences and Food
Dastarkhan- traditional way of eating
More inclusive
Representative of the communal nature of food
In accordance with the concept of Taroof
Western way of eating
Dining table
Less inclusive

Rex Cinema Fire
Occurred 1978
Thought it had been set by the Shah
Led to huge protests

Black Friday
September 8th,1978
Shah had declared martial law
people gathered in Jaleh square for a religious protest
many were killed by the military

Khomeini said, "Our movement is but a fragile plant. It needs the blood of martyrs to help it grow into a towering tree.”
Early on western culture influenced clothing choices; now people are very conservative as to what they wear, especially women.
Before rock and pop music was popular among many; today traditional music is the main legal genre
Dancing was common amongst the people; now it is illegal to instruct kids in dancing
Barbies are illegal

Role in the Family
Bonds of the Family
Between Father and Wife
Between Parents and Children

Dress Codes
Reasoning Dressing In a Certain Way
Problems with Women
Values for Women

Iran and Religion
Family Ethics
Family Values
Zoroastrianism: 6th Century BCE

Revealed to Muhammad by God through the angel Gabriel
Accompanied by many Hadiths (“sayings”) that make Sharia law

2 Factions: Sunni (87%) and Shia (11%)
Quran, Qur’an, Koran (Literally, “The Recitation”)

Tradition vs “Modern” Ideals

Tension between Past and Present
Class Conflicts

Modernity vs. Fundamentalism
Full transcript