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The Transition of the Roman Republic to the Roman Empire
Transcript of The Transition of the Roman Republic to the Roman Empire
Julius Caesar to Consul Julius Returns
From Being Governor of Gaul (modern day France) on the Night of January 10th 49 B.C. Julius Caesar is
Elected Dictator in 44 B.C. Julius Caesar Dies on March 15 44 B.C. With the help of Crassus and Pompey, Julius Caesar became consul in 59 B.C. After Julius was elected consul these 3 men dominated Rome for ten years. After defeating the tribes of Gaul, Julius
Ceasar decided to return to Italy and the city of Rome. Once he crossed the Rubicon river
with his troops. He marched quickly to
Rome while Pompey and his troops fled as
fast as possible back to Rome. Julius
chased down Pompey and his army
eventually defeating him in Greece,
Asia, Spain, and Egypt The senate had decided to elect Julius
dictator for life. The start of an empire
ruled by one man. Julius had made enemies by succeeding too much, having too much influence, and power. A group of important senators plotted against Julius planning his death. On march 15 of 44 B.C. they carried out with their plan stabbing Julius about 23 times. Their leader, Brutus, delivering the fatal blow, ending Julius' rule forever. Octavian Joined General Mark
Antony and Politician Lepidus The Transition of the Roman Rebublic to the Roman Empire Mark Antony Followed
Cleopatra Back to Egypt and
the Naval Battle of Actium Began
Short After. Mark Antony fell in love with Cleopatra and followed her back to Egypt. Octavian
accused him of trying to rule Rome
from Egypt. A civil war began. It ended
with the naval battle of Actium.
Octavian defeated the combined force of Mark and Cleopatra in the battle of
Actium. The battle ultimately ending
in the suicide of Mark and
Cleopatra. Octavian Ruled as Emperor of Rome From 27 B.C. to A.D. 14. Octavian accepted the title Augustus Caesar (Augustus meaning exalted one). Becoming the emperor of Rome in 27 B.C. until his death in A.D. 14. Augustus' rule was the start of a period of peace in
Rome that lasted 207 years from
27 B.C. to A.D. 180. In 43 B.C. the second triumvirate ruled
for 10 years. After they had purged
Rome of Julius Caesar's enemies
Octavian forced Lepidus to retire.
Mark and Octavian quickly
became rivals. The Roman Republic Before the Empire Rome had a time of expansion and freedom before the Empire. A time where the common person could decide who would rule their home. When the leaders had the senate to vote on the passing of laws. There were 2 consuls so one would not have all the power but to have equal power so no one person would control Rome. No kings or emperors
existed in the Roman Republic. All of this
changed when Julius Caesar becomes a
ruler of Rome.