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Cinema and Society 2018 Week 5: Art of Truth
Transcript of Cinema and Society 2018 Week 5: Art of Truth
Cinema becomes an art
Invention of cinema
French Movement between the 2 World Wars
After WWII, the cinema of the poor, frequently using non-professional actors, focusing on their difficult life conditions
The Greatest Movies Ever Made!?
Art of Truth
Louis Le Prince
Une scène au jardin de Roundhay
(A scene at Garden of Roundhay, 1888)
Birth of cinématographe
Sortie des Usines Lumière à Lyon (1895)
Arroseur et Arrosé
(The Sprinkler Sprinkled, 1895)
Entrée d'un train en gare
de la Ciotat (Arrival of a train at la Ciotat station, 1897)
(Besançon, Auguste 1862-1954/Louis 1864-1948)
Thomas Edison - William Dickson
Le voyage dans la lune (A trip to the moon, Georges Méliès, France, 1902)
A Trip To Mars
, Thomas Edison, USA, 1910
Children of Paradise
(Les enfants du paradis, Marcel Carné, France, 1945)
Script by Jacques Prévert
Auteur theory: theory of filmmaking in which the director is viewed as the major creative force in a motion picture. Arising in France in the late 1940s, the auteur theory—as it was dubbed by the American film critic Andrew Sarris—was an outgrowth of the cinematic theories of André Bazin and Alexandre Astruc. (Britannica)
New wave? (La nouvelle vague)
Lettres de Sibérie, 1957
La Jetée, 1962
400 Blows (Les 400 coups), 1959
Les Cahiers du cinéma
Movement in the 50s and 60s
Against the "cinéma de papa" and its literary aspects
A partial selection
Wings of Desire
Stanley Kubrick, UK/USA, 1975
Wim Wenders, Germany, 1987
Bob Fosse, USA, 1972
F.W. Murnau, USA, 1927
The Bicycle Thief
Ladri di biciclette
, Vittorio De Sica, Italy, 1948
Federico Fellini, Italy, 1963
Damien Chazelle, USA, 2014
Nicolas Winding Refn, UK, 2008
Matt Ross, USA, 2016
Matthieu Kassovitz, France, 1995
Attached to the life of little people, unusual heroes
"Anti-Hollywood" with usually sad endings
Strong importance of script and dialog
For some 15 years there were new masterpieces every month. How far away that era seems now. To be sure, there was always a conflict between cinema as an industry and cinema as an art, cinema as routine and cinema as experiment. But the conflict was not such as to make impossible the making of wonderful films, sometimes within and sometimes outside of mainstream cinema. Now the balance has tipped decisively in favor of cinema as an industry. (The Decay of Cinema, The New York Times, 1996)
George Miller, Australia/USA, 2015
"I saw these movies. They had a powerful effect on me. You should see them" Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese, USA, 2011
What is a good movie?
Nouvelle nouvelle vague?
Geena Davis Inclusion Quotient (GD-IQ)
100 highest grossing (US domestic) live-action films according to The Numbers from the years 2014, 2015, and 2016 analyzed by Google
Recommended movie of the week
"An experiment, trying to create a universal, international language of film separate from the language of theater or literature."
Dziga Vertov, 1929
Erasmus Magazine, 2015
Alan Parker, USA, 1980
Can cinema be universal?
If you need more great (contemporary) movies
Le Septième Art
Ricciotto Canudo (France/Italy), La Naissance d’un sixième art - Essai sur le cinématographe (1911)
Probably a good time to discuss tomorrow's mid-term exam
Who decides if a movie is good or not?
4 questions to choose from
2 questions to answer
Mid-term exam taking place during tutorial time
Provide structured 500-word essays with precise examples
Martin McDonagh, USA, 2017
Something that you shouldn't like, but like anyway.
something pleasurable that induces a usually minor feeling of guilt
Guilt: a feeling of deserving blame for offenses
Does guilty pleasure really exist in cinema?
Movies I like (but know it will be hard to define as good therefore are guilty pleasure yet on the other hand who says they are bad?)
Tony Scott, USA, 1986
Greg Mottola, USA, 2007
Guillermo del Toro, USA, 2013
Ivan Reitman, USA, 2014
What and who is cinema for?
Week 1 to 4
Read the questions!
Oh yeah, one more thing: don't use last year's notes, I changed the lectures and it will confuse you.
High Culture vs Pop Culture?
Babylonia Crane Shots
U2 - Stay
See you tomorrow!