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Cinema and Society 2018 Week 5: Art of Truth

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Etienne Augé

on 8 March 2018

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Transcript of Cinema and Society 2018 Week 5: Art of Truth

Cinema becomes entertainment
Cinema becomes an art
Invention of cinema
Zeitgeist?
German expressionism
Poetic Realism
French Movement between the 2 World Wars
Italian neorealism
After WWII, the cinema of the poor, frequently using non-professional actors, focusing on their difficult life conditions
The Greatest Movies Ever Made!?
Art of Truth
Louis Le Prince
Une scène au jardin de Roundhay
(A scene at Garden of Roundhay, 1888)
Birth of cinématographe
Lumière Brothers
Sortie des Usines Lumière à Lyon (1895)
Arroseur et Arrosé
(The Sprinkler Sprinkled, 1895)
Entrée d'un train en gare
de la Ciotat (Arrival of a train at la Ciotat station, 1897)
(Besançon, Auguste 1862-1954/Louis 1864-1948)
Thomas Edison - William Dickson
Kinetoscope, Kinetophone
Newark Athlete
, 1891
Georges Méliès
The Illusionist
1861-1938
Le voyage dans la lune (A trip to the moon, Georges Méliès, France, 1902)
A Trip To Mars
, Thomas Edison, USA, 1910
Children of Paradise
(Les enfants du paradis, Marcel Carné, France, 1945)
Script by Jacques Prévert
(1900-1977)
Auteur theory
Auteur theory: theory of filmmaking in which the director is viewed as the major creative force in a motion picture. Arising in France in the late 1940s, the auteur theory—as it was dubbed by the American film critic Andrew Sarris—was an outgrowth of the cinematic theories of André Bazin and Alexandre Astruc. (Britannica)
Chris Marker
1921-2012
François Truffaut
1932-1984
New wave? (La nouvelle vague)
Lettres de Sibérie, 1957
La Jetée, 1962

400 Blows (Les 400 coups), 1959
Les Cahiers du cinéma
1951-...
Since 1932
Movement in the 50s and 60s
Against the "cinéma de papa" and its literary aspects
Individualistic approach
8 1/2
Sunrise
A partial selection
No, Susan!
Cabaret
Wings of Desire
Barry Lyndon
Stanley Kubrick, UK/USA, 1975
Wim Wenders, Germany, 1987
Bob Fosse, USA, 1972
F.W. Murnau, USA, 1927
The Bicycle Thief
Ladri di biciclette
, Vittorio De Sica, Italy, 1948
Federico Fellini, Italy, 1963
Damien Chazelle, USA, 2014
Bronson
Nicolas Winding Refn, UK, 2008
Matt Ross, USA, 2016
1916
1915
1925
La Haine
Matthieu Kassovitz, France, 1995
Train Scene
Ultimate Song
Cards Scene
Attached to the life of little people, unusual heroes
"Anti-Hollywood" with usually sad endings
Strong importance of script and dialog
Susan Sontag
1933-2004
For some 15 years there were new masterpieces every month. How far away that era seems now. To be sure, there was always a conflict between cinema as an industry and cinema as an art, cinema as routine and cinema as experiment. But the conflict was not such as to make impossible the making of wonderful films, sometimes within and sometimes outside of mainstream cinema. Now the balance has tipped decisively in favor of cinema as an industry. (The Decay of Cinema, The New York Times, 1996)
George Miller, Australia/USA, 2015
"I saw these movies. They had a powerful effect on me. You should see them" Martin Scorsese
1920
1922
1927
Martin Scorsese, USA, 2011
What is a good movie?
Nouvelle nouvelle vague?
Awards
Since 1929
Academy Awards
1933
Geena Davis Inclusion Quotient (GD-IQ)
100 highest grossing (US domestic) live-action films according to The Numbers from the years 2014, 2015, and 2016 analyzed by Google
Recommended movie of the week
USSR
"An experiment, trying to create a universal, international language of film separate from the language of theater or literature."
Dziga Vertov, 1929
Erasmus Magazine, 2015
Hot lunch
Alan Parker, USA, 1980
Can cinema be universal?
Bad tempo
Rankings
If you need more great (contemporary) movies
Trailer
Le Septième Art
Ricciotto Canudo (France/Italy), La Naissance d’un sixième art - Essai sur le cinématographe (1911)
Architecture
Sculpture
Painting
Music
Poetry
Dance
Cinema
Probably a good time to discuss tomorrow's mid-term exam
Who decides if a movie is good or not?
4 questions to choose from
2 questions to answer
Mid-term exam taking place during tutorial time
Provide structured 500-word essays with precise examples
Questions?
Martin McDonagh, USA, 2017
Guilty pleasure?
Something that you shouldn't like, but like anyway.
something pleasurable that induces a usually minor feeling of guilt
(Merriam-Webster)
Guilt: a feeling of deserving blame for offenses
(Merriam-Webster)
Does guilty pleasure really exist in cinema?
Movies I like (but know it will be hard to define as good therefore are guilty pleasure yet on the other hand who says they are bad?)
Tony Scott, USA, 1986
Greg Mottola, USA, 2007
Guillermo del Toro, USA, 2013
Ivan Reitman, USA, 2014
What and who is cinema for?
90 minutes
Week 1 to 4
Read the questions!
7th art
Politics, anyone?
2007
Oh yeah, one more thing: don't use last year's notes, I changed the lectures and it will confuse you.
High Culture vs Pop Culture?
Fritz Lang
Babylonia Crane Shots
U2 - Stay
Zooropa, 1993

Ending
See you tomorrow!
Full transcript