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Music Industry

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Ben Elliott

on 4 March 2014

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Transcript of Music Industry

Unit 1: The Music Industry
Hierarchy
Hierarchy Explanation
Here i have created a hierarchy of what i believe to be how the music industry operates.
At the top of the hierarchy is the Artist, without them there will be no music to deal with. Underneath the artist is the recording company. I have placed the recording company in 2nd place because, i believe that they work like an orphanage, wherein they adopt a new upcoming artist and nurture them so they become a strong developed artist. A recording company is without a doubt a prerequisite for any artist to make any development. Below the recording company, is the two societies (PRS and MCPS). I have placed these two societies here because i believe that if an artist has signed up with a major recording company, and they release an album, it will sell well. It's important for an artist to establish a relationship with these societies before they start publishing their songs, so they don't lose money from not collecting their royalties. The two societies are followed by broadcasting. I decided to place broadcasting here because i believe once an artist has established a relationship with the societies it is fine to continue onto promoting their song through broadcasting, since they're are able to collect royalties, from that song. Next on the hierarchy comes the light, sound and scenic hire and transport, which i have placed here because an artist needs a song to perform before they perform. I have placed them along each other because they both rely on each other as well as the fact that they are equally important to the artist. Penultimately, i have placed the booking agencies. I have chosen to place these agencies near the bottom, because i believe that they are not compulsory to an upcoming artist, however they are quite important for a developed artist. And finally i have place artist representation at the bottom. I have done this because in my opinion they are not necessary. Unless you are an upcoming artist whom needs either money or a population boost, i would recommend not going down the route of local and private artist representation.
The Music Industry Universe
Music Industry Flowchart
Share of the Music Industry Pie Chart
Introduction
Production Companies
In this presentation, you will learn the multiple aspects which together create various production companies, across the world.

Production Companies consist of the following areas:
Recording Companies (Major and Independent);
Broadcasting (TV and Radio);
Concert Promoters;
Distribution Companies;

In this presentation I am going to focus on the Major and Independent Recording Companies, I will compare it to Broadcasting, which involves TV and Radio.
Recording Studio
Comparing recording companies to booking agencies and artist representation
These three organizations link together nicely. This is because the modern major recording companies will most likely provide booking agents and artist representations. Therefore, because of this, the only companies which use them are some independent recording companies. They are useful for the independent recording companies because they are both a handy tool for relatively cheap advertising and promotion of an artist, without going into large figures for adverts in various types of media. The knock-on effect here will be that the independent recording companies, booking agencies and artist representation companies will gather a very strong relationship/partnership with one another, though artists who wish to follow these two routes.
Comparing recording companies to light, sound and scenic hire to transport
A recording company would rely on light, sound and scenic hire as well as transport, for when an artist does a performance. Instead of the artist contacting the two companies, the recording studio will contact them and place the orders. This will ensure the best possible result. When a big event, such as Glastonbury occurs, the recoding companies will be rushing to get their best acts to play there, because of the possible promotion possibilities, therefore the recording company will contact the two companies and rely on them to support the artist through the major event, by supplying them with equipment. This also has a knock-on effect, wherein the two companies develop a relationship with the recording company, this may suggest possible future deals between the three companies, provided they leave a good impression.
Links between booking agencies and artist representation
Unlike the previous pairs, there are only a few similarities between booking agencies and artist representation companies. One might be that they both help the artist create a career in music, however they are both unnecessary for the artist to become a successful artist. Together they both link to the recording companies, wherein they both can be accessed through a department in the companies. Finally they're both profit making organizations.
Major
Recording Companies
Comparing recording companies to PRS and MCPS
These two parts of the music industry link together because they both protect and develop the artist. Although they both give feedback to the artist, into whether or not they are doing well, they both portray the feedback in different ways. For example, if an artist release an album, the recording company will be able to tell the artist how much and how they sold that album, whether its through the uses of the internet or shops. Whereas the societies will be able to tell the artist what form the audience brought the song, e.g. sheet music... and if its been published onto any public outlet, e.g. adverts, websites, TV programs, movies and video games. This will have a knock-on effect wherein the recording company and the societies will develop a better partnership with each other, through the artist.
Service Companies
The service companies are responsible for providing the equipment and stage for the artists performances, as well as transport.

This sector consists of 3 parts: Facility hire companies; light, sound and scenic hire; and finally transport.

In this presentation I will be focusing on the similarities and differences of light, sound and scenic hire with transport.
Barclays Center - New York
Agencies
Agencies are responsible for starting off an artist on their huge journey into the expansive music industry. They are also responsible for following their artists through their careers, in terms of management, both financially and personally.The agencies sector is made up of four sub-sections: Artist's Representation; Booking Agencies; Personal management; and Financial management.

I am going to focus on Artist Representation and Booking agensies.
Famous music booking agent Benny Medina.
Professional Organisations
These organisations are responsible for protecting the artist's rights, the organisations are a lot like the average workers union.
These organisations are:
Performing Rights Society (PRS)
Mechanical Copyright Protection Society (MCPS)
Musicians Union
Equity
I will be comparing the Performing Rights Society (PRS) with the Mechanical Copyright Protection Society (MCPS).


Countrys worldwide which PRS for Music collect royalties from
The music industry is a large industry made up of 4 different components which essentially work as building blocks. These components are: Production Companies; Service Companies; Professional Organizations; and Agencies. These 4 components can be furthermore broken down into companies and services, which I will explain later on in this presentation.
In this presentation I will use both visual representations and text to compare the different components with each other.

Independent
Recording Companies
Independent recording companies are different to major recording companies, mainly because they are not funded. Plus they are not part of the top 4 major companies. During the 1990's the Independent recoding companies rocketed. And now allot of Independent companies are owned by the major recording companies and are classified as their "Labels".
Here are some examples of Independent recording companies/Major recording companies' Labels: MUTE; 4AD; Captured Tracks; K...

Advantages:
Passion
- Unlike major companies, independent companies get complete control over who they sign, therefore the artist will work with someone who loves their music, which is a huge advantage.
Close Relationships
- Because independent companies hire a small amount of staff, it means that everybody in the company knows each other, which increases the chances of working alongside your friend. Furthermore, being so close allows the artists to contact their peers any time they want.
Artist Friendly Deals
- The larger independent companies follow the major companies lead, by having large mindboggling contracts. However the smaller independent companies settle with what the artist wants, most of the times smaller independent companies don't follow through with multi-album contracts.
Disadvantages:
Funding
-

Unlike the major companies, the smaller independent companies don't have enough money to support their artists in ways such as: Tours, fancy packaging and advertisement. As a consequence the artists usually have to be willing to invest into these luxuries with their own money.
Organisation
- A small minority of independent companies are unorganised. This might be because they simply do not have enough staff to keep on top of everything. Artists can experience unorganisation in aspects such as design.
Size
- Yet again, unlike the major companies, the independent company's size will disadvantage the artists, since they are not able to pay for everything.
Major
Recording Companies cont.
Marketing:
This department is responsible for the marketing plan and the sales for the albums which the artists create. This department helps co-ordinate promotion, sales and publicity departments.
Publicity Department:
These people will spend time,contacting TV, radio, newspaper and magazines, to get the word of their new found talent. Many artists have their independent publishers.
New Media:
This department are responsible for creating the music videos and keeping up to date with the latest online streaming and music sharing concepts.

Advantages:
Funding
- Because of the greater amount of money circulating around the major recording companies, unlike the independent recording companies, the major companies are able to fund the artists in things such like: tours; music video shoots; high quality production; as well as distribution to online music outlets such as iTunes and Spotify.
Connections
- Because of the huge popularity of these major companies, they will have at one point established relationships with other partners in the expansive music industry. The artists will benefit from this in the way that they will receive already established relationships with other key members of the music industry, which will be able to assist them on their way to success.
Size
- In the music industry, size matters! The larger size and popularity of any recording company, whether independent or major, is helpful. Due to the relations of the recording company, manufacturing, advertising and the many other expenses, will be a lot cheaper than if the company were to be a brand new independent company. Henceforth why being bigger is better.

Disadvantages:
Popularity Within Company
- Being a new artist of a major company, is essentially like moving sports team. You enter this new team with great intentions and aspirations. To become one of the popular kids in the team you will need to immediately do something amazing on that sports pitch, if not you will become that kid over that who can't play ball, and eventually you will get kicked off the team. This is why it is crucial for an artist to pull something out of the bag as soon as they get signed, otherwise they could end up not being provided with advertising and promotion like the bigger artists and eventually finding themselves getting kicked out of the company.
Unfriendly
- It's a lie when people tell you that all major recording companies are unfair to the artist, but some of them are. The major companies main aim is to make money whether their artist are happy or not. Initially the artists will have to sign a contract to join the company which will "underline" all of the possible future issues. If the company were to breach the artists rights, they need not to worry, since 99% of times the company will have the better lawyers than the artists.
Passion
- Most of the true music lovers work for the major companies. However there are some people who enter the major companies solemnly just for the money, without a care in the world for music. In contrast,the independent companies will have the higher concentration of true music lovers.
Major recording companies, such as Universal Music Group, Sony BMG Music Entertainment and Warner Music, are companies which their only concern is that over the money and success they will get out of the artists. Unlike independent recording companies, major companies have a very large amount of money to play with, usually around £250,000,000. This ensures that they can support their artists, through funds and promoting them to the world. It also allows them to sign a large amount of artists as well as support a variety of different medias like movies and video games. Major companies spend a large sum of money of promotion through publications on the Radio, TV, Music videos, Shop displays ect.
Major record companies are made up of a hierarchy of components which together create the major companies they are.

A & R (Artist and Repertoire):
A&R is the skeleton of every Major record company, who focuses mainly on discovering new musical talent for the company to sign on. A&R usually take the form of a group of scouts who go to small venues like pubs, local concerts ect, to search for potential future stars. However A&R also works with the artist with producing their music and advising them against wrong creative moves. They also help motivate their artists.
Promotion:
The main aim for this department of the company is to make sure that the artist's song gets played on the radio and music channels. Major record companies believe that for them to be successful the songs which they produce need to be played on the radio. This department also focuses on creating a positive attitude towards their artists throughout the public.
Artist Development:
This department is responsible for the planning of the future careers of the artists. Recently these departments have been focusing on heavily promoting the artist's in their early careers opposed to a longer-term plan.
Comparing the Two Types of Recording Companies
Major
Independent
Funding

Connections

Size

Organisation
Passion

Close Relationships

Artist Friendly Deals

Popularity Within Company
Broadcasting
The music industry is made up of many structures which are constructed with various building blocks. An example of one of a building block is Broadcasting. Broadcasting incorporations are responsible for giving their artists their royalties (agreed money), after their song is played anywhere, these incorporation tend to be non-profitable. People who wish to make a profit by including an artist's song will have to pay a royalty fee, which will allow them to play the artist's song, an example of some outlets are radio stations, TV programs, websites, restaurants and nightclubs.
There are 5 different ways an artist can claim money through their royalties:
If they were to do a concert or a live performance.
Sales of a printed versions of their music, e.g. sheet music, tabs, etc.
If anyone were to copy the artist's music (cover), they would need a license. The right to copy the artist's music (CD's and Tapes).
Using the music in the background of any profit making scheme.
Synchronisation fees, to put the artist's music onto TV programs, adverts, Movies, Video game, etc .

Examples of the incorporations are: BMI, ASCAP and SESAC.

Links between Recording Companies and Broadcasting Incorporation
There is one major link between these to corporations, and that is that they are the first stepping stones for the artist rely on to start making money out of their music. In context, once the artist has written and performed a few songs, they will need to go to a recording company, who will then sign the artist, and provide them with all the essential things that the artist will need to become successful (Promotion, advertising, accountancy, design, etc). Once the artist has become successful and starts to sell their music. They will then, through the recording companies, contact a broadcasting incorporation who will then provide the artist with their royalties, every time their song is played.
Circle of Royalty Fees
Artist
Recording Company
Broadcasting Incorporation
Outlet which has used the artist's music
Broadcasting Incorporation
Recording Company
= Pays
= Communicates with
Light, Sound and Scenic Hire Companies
Light, sound and scenery hire companies allow the artist to hire equipment to use for performances and recordings. This equipment would be things such as: lighting; PA; speakers; the stage; and any props the artist intends on using.
Examples of light, sound and scenic hire are: Cloud One, Peak Hire ltd, etc.
Comparing Advantages and Disadvantages
Disadvantages
Renting
- Over time, renting equipment and staging will become expensive, therefore by purchasing all of the equipment, you will not have to repetitively rent it out.
Unknown People
- The artist would be working alongside people who they don't know.
Unreliability
- Hiring equipment is unreliable, you are not curtain that it will work, plus it may not be delivered on time.
Advantages
Renting
- The artist will not need to spend a lot of money on buying the equipment if they were only use the rental services a few times, instead they will just hire it.
Assembling
- Instead of buying the stage in separate pieces and then assembling later, the artist is able to purchase the stage as a whole and have other people assemble it.
Professionalism
- When you are renting lights, you will also have the option to rent a technician to set it up, this will mean that it will be set up professionally.
Storage
- The artist will not need to find somewhere to store the equipment.
Transport
Transporting companies are in charge of transporting the equipment, stages, instruments and most importantly the artists to the venues of gigs and festivals. Transport companies come in various different types and sizes, some only offer transport for the crew, others only offer transport for the equipment and some do both. Transport plays an essential part of this massive jigsaw puzzle called the music industry, in fact without transport, the music industry wouldn't be half the size it is today.
Transport links into the previous topic, light, sound and scenic hire. I think this because the transport companies work hand in hand with the hire companies to get the equipment, instruments and stages to the locations which the artist wishes. If one of the companies fail to complete their duty, the other company also loses out, they both rely on each other a lot.
Example of transport companies are: Band Bus, Studio Moves and Panache.
Comparing advantages to the disadvantages
Disadvantages
Cost
- Alike light, sound and scenic hire, after a while of hiring transport, it will start to become expensive.
Unreliability
- A few of the smaller transport companies are unreliable and the expensive equipment could arrive broken, late or not at all.
Advantages
Avoid buying transport
- By hiring transport it will save money in comparison to if the artist were to buy the transport separately.
Luxury
- The transport companies will provide a higher level of luxury than if the artist were to buy their own automobile.
Insurance
- Professional transport companies will have insurance, in case they break anything, therefore if something is broken i can be replaced with the compensation money.
Advantages
Disadvantages
Short term renting costs

Assembling

Professionalism

Storage


Long term renting costs

Unknown people

Unreliability
In conclusion, light, sound and scenic hire companies are only worthwhile if the artist were planning to do a tour with not many venues. However it would be worthwhile if the artist could afford it, because there are more advantages than disadvantages, e.g professionalism, assembling and storage.
Advantages
Disadvantages
Avoid buying transport

Luxury

Insurance
Cost

Unreliability
To conclude, transport is essential, unfortunately the artist will not have a choice in the matter, whether they have the uses the services or not. If the artist has enough disposable money, I would suggest buying the best they can find, otherwise they may have to risk hiring a cheaper alternative.
Comparing Light, Sound and Scenic hire with Transport
Both light, sound and scenic hire and transport rely on each other immensely. This is because they both need to work well to support each others businesses. In context, an artist would hire some instruments for a gig they are doing, by contacting one of the sound hire companies. The artist would then expect the hire company to transport the instruments to the venue of the gig. So, the hire company will get in contact with a transport company to arrange transportation for said instruments. This is how both the companies support each other. To sum up, the light, sound and scenic hire companies supply the equipment, and the transport companies transport the equipment as well as the crew.
An example of this partnership would be if the artist is partaking on an international tour, where the artist tours from Tokyo to Rome and then to Copenhagen. When they travel over from Tokyo to perform in Rome, the stage in Rome will be halfway through construction, where the stage in Tokyo will be in the middle of deconstruction. Simultaneously, when the artist is traveling to Rome, the stage in Copenhagen will start being built. This is why the hiring company needs to distribute their equipment quickly and the transport companies have to be reliable and on time.
Performing Rights Society (PRS)
Performing rights society, are organisations which are run by groups of people who work to enforce that the artists royalties are paid out to the artists, whenever their song is played publicly, e.g. on the radio or on TV. These society's are non-profit organisations, therefore they're not a business. Performing rights societies help over 100,000 people, claim their royalties.
Advantages
Upholds the artist's rights
- Artist's have the right to collect royalties from the songs, whenever they're played publicly.
Linked with Recording Companies
- These societies are linked with all of the major recording companies and most of the independent companies, therefore all of the issues can be sorted out with people that you know.
Disadvantages
Smaller Independent Companies
- A small minority of the smaller independent companies won't have staff which focus on the accounting of the artists, therefore they're not able to work alongside the Performing Rights Society, so the artist will have to sort out their royalties by themselves.
Comparing the advantages to the disadvantages
Advantages
Disadvantages
Upholds the artist's rights

Linked with recording companies
Smaller recording companies
Summarising the advantages and disadvantages, it is clear that there are far more advantages to the performing rights society, than disadvantages. Therefore, there is no reason why an artist should not claim their royalties, unless they morally disagree with collecting them. The performing rights society links strongly to the major recording companies wherein, they are both involved in collecting and enforcing the artist's royalties.
Mechanical Copyright Protection Society (MCPS)
Like the preforming rights society, the mechanical copyright protection society, focuses on ensuring that the artist gets paid their royalties . However instead of ensuring that they get paid every time their song is played in public, the MCPS ensure that the artists get paid their royalties every time their song is reproduced, for example every time the song is produced on CD, or brought online, via iTunes, Spotify and so on. These societies also work alongside the recording companies to help the artist. These organisations are non-profit and work with over 17,000 artists, to claim their royalties.
Comparison between the advantages and the disadvantages
Disadvantages
Advantages
Upholds the artist's rights
- Artist's have the right to collect royalties from the songs, whenever they're reproduced or brought.
Linked with Recording Companies
- These societies are linked with all of the major recording companies and most of the independent companies, therefore all of the issues can be sorted out with people that you know.
Smaller Independent Companies
- A small minority of the smaller independent companies won't have staff which focus on the accounting of the artists, therefore the artist will have to separately have to figure out their entitled royalties, with the societies.
Disadvantages
Upholds the artist's rights

Linked with recording companies
Smaller recording companies
Advantages
Because the mechanical copyright protection society is so alike the preforming rights society, the advantages and disadvantages are the same.
Links between Performing Rights Society and Mechanical Copyright Production Society
Both PRS and MCPD are extremely similar, i think this because they both operate around ensuring that the artist gets their entitled royalties, whether its through reproducing the songs or through when it's been played publicly. However the service that the MCPD's offer can also be offered by the PRS organizations. Therefore, most artists are associated with just a PRS instead of both.
Booking Agencies
An artists main job is to make and play music, not to constantly be arranging gigs and performances for them to go on. This is why some of the more famous artists hire booking agents. Booking agents are responsible for arranging performances for their artists whether it be at a local pub or at Wemberly arena. Booking agents can either work independently or for a major recording company.
Comparison between the advantages and the disadvantages
Disadvantages
Cost
- Booking agents charge a lot of money for their services, as an attempt to stop booking agents taking advantage of the artists some states In USA have capped 20% as the maximum amount booking agents can charge the artists for their work.
Smaller Independent Recording Companies
- Unfortunately some smaller independent recording companies do not have booking agents as staff. Therefore the artists will have to hire an independent booking agent, which might cost more.
Advantages
Saves time
- Having a booking agent will allow the artist to spend more time perfecting their music. Whilst the agent looks for possible performances.
Through the Recording Company
- Booking agents work for either a major recording company or for themselves. If you are part of a major recording company you will be able to contact a booking agent through your company. Also if you're an upcoming artist, it would be better if you were to choose a booking agent from a major company, since you might have a chance of getting into the major company through your booking agent.
Disadvantages
Save time

Through the recording company
Cost

Smaller recording companies
Advantages
In my opinion, I don't think booking agents are crucial to an artists success. I believe this because, if the artist knows enough people who own possible performance venues, they can book performances through them. However, I do appreciate that not everybody know everyone, so with that in mind I would suggest a booking agent to any major artist and upcoming artist. On the other hand, if you are an artist which has a tight budget I would suggest against a booking agent until you a confident enough in the music industry.
Artist Representation
Artist representation companies, such as dgmusic, are companies which advertise musicians to hire for events such as weddings and parties. These companies help artist to start off their careers in music.
Comparison between the advantages and disadvantages
Disadvantages
Competition
- There is a large number of artists who follow this route, therefore the chances of someone picking a curtain artist is slim.
Not a stable career
- An artist will not be able to create a proper stable career by working for companies such as these.
Advantages
Its free for artists
- If you're an artist who wants to advertise yourself, into playing in local and private events, it's free.
Popularity boost
- A novice artist will be able to sign up to these companies, provided they are good enough, and start to build up there popularity and profit.
Advantages
Disadvantages
Free for artist

Popularity boost
Competition

Not a stable career
Once again, I believe that artist representation is not another prerequisite for an artist to be successful. I think this because, artist representation only provides the artist with an opportunity to advertise themselves for local and private events. In my opinion, if I were to be an upcoming artist, I would not contact artist representation because I think that, playing in the local and private events will distract me from achieving a successful career in the music industry as an artist.
Artist
Recording Company
Performing Rights Society
Mechanical Copyright Protection Society
Broadcasting
Light, Sound and Scenic Hire
Transport
Booking Agencies
Artist Representation
Ben Elliott
Bibliography
I used the following websites to help myself create this presentation:
Recording Companies:
http://entertainment.howstuffworks.com/record-label1.htm
http://musicians.about.com/od/musicindustrybasics/g/BigFour.htm
http://hs.riverdale.k12.or.us/~hfinnert/exhib_06/davidp/paper4.html
http://voices.yahoo.com/major-independent-record-labels-8043040.html?cat=35
Company quotes referenced on slide.
PRS and MCPS:
http://www.prsformusic.com/Pages/default.aspx
http://www.cityshowcase.co.uk/links/show/mcps-mechanical-copyright-protection-society
Broadcasting:
http://www.bmi.com/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Broadcast_Music,_Inc.
Light, Sound and Scenic Hire and Transport:
http://www.peakhire.co.uk/
http://www.cloudone.net/hire.aspx
http://stagelightingservices.com/
http://www.freewebs.com/band-bus/
http://www.panache-chauffeur.com/index.php?page=music-industry
http://www.studiomoves.co.uk/
Booking Agencies and Artist Representation:
http://www.dgmusic.co.uk/
http://entertainment.howstuffworks.com/booking-agent1.htm
The two types of recording companies are like ice creams in an ice cream van, wherein major is chocolate favored and independent is vanilla flavored. Now, the artist/child will choose the ice cream which is their favored flavor, whether it be chocolate or vanilla, this is down to their personal taste. The same works for recording companies where it is mostly down to what the artist wants to do with their music. However in my opinion everybody knows that chocolate ice cream is the better option.
Quotes from Recording Companies
EMI Music:
"EMI Music is one of the world’s leading music companies, home to some of the most successful and best known recording artists. Through our own companies and network of licensees, we are able to serve our artists, consumers and partners all over the world. EMI Music brings artists and fans together by driving action and creating value wherever music is experienced."
"Artists on EMI labels include Lily Allen, Bat For Lashes, The Beatles, Beastie Boys, Luke Bryan, Coldplay, Depeche Mode, Gorillaz, David Guetta, Iron Maiden, Norah Jones, Lady Antebellum, Massive Attack, Kylie Minogue, Katy Perry, Pink Floyd, Corinne Bailey Rae, Sir Simon Rattle, Snoop Dogg, Tinie Tempah, Thirty Seconds To Mars, KT Tunstall and Keith Urban as well as international artists"
"EMI Music provides EMI’s roster of artists – as well as independent labels and artists – with a global menu of commercial services and seamless access to an expanding range of revenue streams and business models, including digital and physical distribution, sales, press and promotion, marketing, licensing, synch, brand partnerships, live recordings and merchandising."
[http://www.emimusic.com/about/#]
Warner Music Group:
"With its broad roster of new stars and legendary artists, Warner Music Group is home to a collection of the best-known record labels in the music industry including Asylum, Atlantic, Big Beat, East West, Elektra, Fueled By Ramen, Nonesuch, Parlophone, Reprise, Rhino, Roadrunner, Rykodisc, Sire, Warner Bros., Warner Classics, Warner Music Nashville and Word, as well as Warner/Chappell Music, one of the world's leading music publishers, with a catalog of more than one million copyrights worldwide."
"WMG comprises an array of businesses aimed at helping artists achieve long-term creative and financial success while providing consumers with the highest-quality music content available. WMG is engaged in the recorded music business (including artist services) and the music publishing business, and is a leading company in national and international repertoire that operates through numerous international affiliates and licensees in more than 50 countries. "
[http://www.wmg.com/]
MUTE:
"Mute was founded by Daniel Miller in 1978, and since then has signed and developed some of the world’s most influential recording artists – including Depeche Mode, Nick Cave & The Bad Seeds, Yazoo, Goldfrapp, Erasure, Moby and Richard Hawley – and become home to a crop of emerging talent and recent signings such as Josh T. Pearson, Big Deal, Beth Jeans Houghton and S.C.U.M."
"Whilst maintaining a firmly eclectic roster, from the earliest days of The Normal, Fad Gadget and DAF through to the techno era with artists such as Plastikman / Richie Hawtin and Speedy J, and to the present day with hybrid electronic artists such as Yeasayer and S.C.U.M, the label has always been a champion of electronic music."
[http://mute.com/about]
Captured Tracks:
"With the signing of Craft Spells, Blouse, Soft Metals, DIIV, Widowspeak, MINKS, Dignan Porch and Heavenly Beat in 2010-11, the label had gained a roster of homegrown talent consisting entirely of bands with whom the label had secured prior to any release beyond a lone 7″. With the exception of Thieves Like Us (as of now, the last signing contrary), the label has since stopped signing acts who have prior significant releases. As a result, the label was able to focus on only developing new talent and to expand it’s series of reissues, including The Wake, The Cleaners From Venus, Medicine, The Monochrome Set and “The Shoegaze Archives” series."
[http://www.capturedtracks.com/info/]
Independent Recording Companies
Major Recording Companies
Broadcasting companies quotes
BMI:
"BMI was founded in 1939 by forward-thinkers who wanted to represent songwriters in emerging genres, like jazz, blues and country, and protect the public performances of their music. Operating on a non-profit-making basis, BMI is now the largest music rights organization in the U.S. and is still nurturing new talent and new music."
"BMI is the bridge between songwriters and the businesses and organizations that want to play their music publicly. As a global leader in music rights management, BMI serves as an advocate for the value of music, representing more than 8.5 million musical works created and owned by more than 600,000 songwriters, composers and music publishers."
"BMI supports its songwriters, composers and publishers by taking care of an important aspect of their careers – getting paid. BMI supports businesses and organizations that play music publicly by offering blanket music licenses that permit them to play more than 8.5 million musical works. Both relationships save each time and money."
[http://www.bmi.com/about]
ASCAP:
"We are the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers (ASCAP), a membership association of more than 480,000 US composers, songwriters, lyricists and music publishers of every kind of music. Through agreements with affiliated international societies, we also represent hundreds of thousands of music creators worldwide. We are the only US performing rights organization created and controlled by composers, songwriters and music publishers, with a Board of Directors elected by and from our membership."
"We protect the rights of ASCAP members by licensing and distributing royalties for the non-dramatic public performances of their copyrighted works. Our licensees encompass all who want to perform copyrighted music publicly. We make giving and obtaining permission to perform music simple for both creators and music users."
"We’re also committed to nurturing music makers throughout their careers. Visit our Career Development page for more information on our roster of workshops, award programs, grants and showcases open to ASCAP members."
"ASCAP is home to the greatest names in American music, past and present — from Duke Ellington to Katy Perry, from George Gershwin to Jay-Z, from Leonard Bernstein to Beyoncé, from Marc Anthony to Alan Jackson, from Henry Mancini to Hans Zimmer — as well as many thousands of writers in the earlier stages of their careers across the entire musical spectrum."
[http://www.ascap.com/about/]
Companies Quotes
Cloud One:
"The Cloud One Group have been established for more than 25 years' and have built a longstanding reputation for excellence by continually improving its level of delivery, service and inventory. Cloud One specialise in all aspects of live and corporate events at all levels and have also earned an enviable reputation for the design, sale and installation of bespoke sound, lighting and AV systems."
"From a village fete to an outdoor music festival.
From a seminar room to an arena sized conference.
From a school hall to a multi venue leisure complex installation."
[http://www.cloudone.net/about-us.aspx]
Peak Hire ltd.:
"We provide skilled technical support for productions, concerts, shows, theatres, conferences, festivals, outdoor events, tours, corporate parties, balls, exhibitions, bands, commercial ventures and the entertainment industry, throughout the UK and Europe, from our base in Cheltenham."

"We stock a hire inventory of sound, lighting, rigging, power, set and stage equipment. Our staff have vast experience and expertise, and our number one priority is quality of service. From your initial contact with us, throughout planning, implementation and delivery of the job, our approach to client requirements is professional and friendly."
[http://www.peakhire.co.uk/about-us/]
Company Quotes
Panache:
"Panache Chauffeur Hire operates a high class, bespoke chauffeur service for discerning clients throughout London, Surrey and the South East. With a large affiliate network we can always provide cars to meet your needs whatever they may be, including multiple cars, Range Rover, Rolls Royce and Bentley Chauffeur Driven Car Hire."
[http://www.panache-chauffeur.com/index.php?page=about-us]
Company Quotes
PRS for Music:
"We are a society of songwriters, composers and music publishers. We license organisations to play, perform or make available copyright music on behalf of our members and overseas societies, and distribute the resulting royalties to them fairly and efficiently. We promote and protect the value of copyright."
"Achieving fair value for copyright music in the face of changing technology and legislation. Forging international alliances to enable cost-effective and transparent copyright administration around the world. Striving to increase distributions to members and improve the service we offer."
[http://www.prsformusic.com/aboutus/ourmission/Pages/default.aspx]
Company Quotes
PRS for Music:
"The money that MCPS distributes to its members and affiliated societies (often known as "royalties") comes from the licensing of works in the MCPS repertoire for use in audio and audio-visual media. This includes such diverse things as commercially available records and CDs, music DVDs, feature films, TV commercials, videos, musical novelty toys and greetings cards, among many others."
[http://www.prsformusic.com/creators/memberresources/MCPSroyalties/mcpsprinciples/Pages/MCPSdistributionprinciples.aspx]
Company Quotes
Coda Agency:
"Coda Music Agency takes a strategic and global approach towards sustainable success for our artists."
"Our approach is team-oriented, working with others to achieve great results. In all we do we remember that we work for The Artist."
"Our accumulated knowledge, relationships and contacts across the industry and the world allow us to launch, sustain and enhance an Artist’s career."
[http://www.codaagency.com/about_us]
The Agency Group ltd.:

"The Agency Group – the world’s leading independent talent booking agency – is a career-building, taste-making, Artist development powerhouse. Covering a wide variety of musical genres – from rock, metal, reggae, folk, adult contemporary, R&B, hip hop, classical, indie, jazz, punk, pop, theatrical etc – our continuing success is built on identifying nascent Talent, breaking new acts, nurturing them and developing those acts into global and sustainable successes."

"Representing a deep and impressive roster of over 2,000 musicians, speakers and authors, The Agency Group is responsible for driving the successful careers of many of the most recognizable and trailblazing names in the entertainment industry, including, The Black Keys, Deep Purple, Guns N’ Roses, Muse, Paramore, Nickelback, Wiz Khalifa, The Kills, Gotye, Macklemore & Ryan Lewis, A$AP Rocky, Tegan and Sara, RUSH and many, many more."
[http://www.theagencygroup.com/about-us/]
Company Quotes
DG Music:
"DG Music specialises in the supply of professional musicians for public performances, private events and education. We are committed to providing the highest level of musicianship at all times and we actively encourage the production of live music in both the public and private sectors."
[http://www.dgmusic.co.uk/info/about-dg-music/]
[http://www.sloane.co.uk/music-guide/universe-of-music.html]
http://www.planetoftunes.com/industry/industry_structure.htm
http://www.bized.co.uk/current/research/2003_04/011203.htm
Full transcript