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Checks and Balances

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by

Katie Adams

on 22 January 2015

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Transcript of Checks and Balances

Diagram
Checks and Balances
Questions
Do you think the president has too much power? Not enough? Why?
Does a president abuse his power if he vetoes a lot of laws? Why?
How do you think the government keeps the president from vetoing laws he doesn't like instead of ones that don't help the country?

Veto - A constitutional right to reject a decision or proposal made by a law-making body.

Impeachment - The formal process of accusing one of making unlawful actions, the outcome, depending on the country may include the removal of the official from office as well as criminal or civil punishment.

Override - Using ones authority to reject or cancel a view or decision.
What are Checks and Balances?
Checks and Balances are the governments way
of making sure no one branch has too much
power. This system is an important part of the Constitution. Each of the three branches of
government can limit the powers of the others.
This way, no one branch becomes too powerful.
Each branch “checks” the power of the other branches to make sure that the power is “balanced” between them.
Examples of Checks and Balances
Barack Obama now must deal with a Congress completely controlled by Republicans. Some political observers predict that Obama will be using his veto pen a lot more in his last two years in office than he did in the first six. (The White House already has threatened to veto bills authorizing the controversial Keystone XL pipeline and changing the Affordable Care Act’s definition of a full-time worker.)
Vocab
Congress consists of two governing bodies, the Senate
and the House. When both pass a bill, it is sent to the President to sign.
Two bills, H.R. 3808 (Interstate Recognition of Notarization act of 2010) and H J Res 64 (Continuing Appropriations, FY 2010)
were passed by Congress.
As a check and balance, either of the other branches of Government can block the Congress. In these two cases, President Obama vetoed the bills. Congress can try and override the veto. But, they failed. Thus, this is a check of Congress, and bringing back balance.

Example
The Congress and the President signed into law the Affordable Care Act.
Although the law was upheld, a portion of the bill,
the Supreme court substantially limited the law’s expansion of Medicaid.
It said that
Congress had exceeded its constitutional authority
by coercing states into participating in the expansion by threatening them with the loss of existing federal payments.
Thus, this is a check of Congress and the Executive branch, bringing them back in balance.

Example
Wrap Up
Checks and Balances are the governments way of having each branch of government have a fair amount of power. Each branch can "check" another branch to make sure things are "balanced"
By Katie Adams, Preston Boling, Shalom Fausto, and Tori Budzinski
Wrap Up -2
Veto - a constitutional right to reject a decision or proposal made by a law making body
Impeachment - in which an official is accused of unlawful activitites, the outcome may include removal from office and punishment
Override - ones authority to reject a(desicion, view etc...)
Checks and Balances. The Rock, Paper, Scissors of government.
Why was it put in place?
Checks and Balances were put in place because The Framers (Writers of the Constitution with legal training) believed their most important action in preventing the rise of tyranny in America was to divide the key powers of government among the three branches. the Framers carefully constructed a system that provided specific levers of power to allow each of the branches to influence the actions of the others in an orderly and predictable way. Those levers are the system of checks and balances.
Full transcript