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Boreal Plains

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Shambavi Dhermarasa

on 4 February 2013

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Transcript of Boreal Plains

Climate This ecozone has moist climates with long cold winters and short warm summers. Moisture bearing-winds from the Pacific ocean are blocked from this ecozone due to where the the Rocky Mountains remain (Ecological Framework of Canada). Temperature wise, the daily range in January is from -17.5ºC to -22.5ºC, in July the daily range is from 12.5ºC to 17.5ºC. Most of this ecozone has about 400mm of a precipitation , but the southern boundary has almost 500mm of precipitation (Parks Canada 1). The Boreal Plains is an ecozone of British Columbia, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba. This ecozone is from British Columbia's Peace River- the northwest of the Boreal Plains- to Manitoba's southeast corner (Parks Canada 1).

The ice ages played a big role in the land formation of the Boreal Plains. The continental glaciers flattened the land and left behind glacier deposits, creating small lakes and low-lying valleys. The land formed into gentle, wavy, rolling plains, and under the land lays horizontal layers of sedimentary rocks (Ecological Framework of Canada). Land Forms A climatograph of Calgary Ontario, Alberta(a place in the middle of the Boreal Plains). Human Economic Activities The Boreal Plains have a population of about 700 000 people, with most of the people being young. Only about 40% of its population live in major cities. (Ecological Framework of Canada)

Forestry is a big issue in the Boreal Plains.

A quote by the Global Forest Watch Canada reads,"Forests are very important to Canadian life; it takes up about half of Canada’s landmass. It purifies water, stabilizes soil and it is a place that allows wildlife to occur" (Global Forest Watch Canada 1).

Forestry is done to make room for building roads, oil and gas development, logging and more.

Amongst Manitoba and Saskatchewan, the main provinces of the Boreal Plains, Saskatchewan has had the most recent human caused changes.(Global Forest Watch Canada2) Nevertheless, Manitoba and Saskatchewan do both share human economic activities that they do frequently. Clear-cutting is one of them, they use 1 900 sawmills. Oil and gas development is another one; in the 20th century, petroleum products were desired, and oil and gas reserves were found in Alberta. Another human economical activity is farming, it only took up 10% of the Boreal Plains, but during the last 20 years it has increased by 8%. Agriculture takes up less than 20% of of the farm land, the crops that are mostly grown are: wheat, pasture, and rangeland. Other human economical activities in the Boreal Plains include: mining hunting and tourism.(Ecological Framework of Canada) Identification of a Town with Effects and Predictions

In Alberta, there is an act since 1992 called, "The Environmental Protection and Enhancement Act". This act calls for the protection of air, water, and land. This act ensures that how the land's resources are used are watched closely, so that if they come across an issue, the source of the problem can easily be found and solved. So, this act helps towards sustaining the land's natural resources (The Canadian Encyclopedia).

Forestry negatively effects all of the Boreal Plains, including Wood Buffalo, Alberta. It has topped tourism and fills in the spot of Alberta's third-largest industry. Lots of money is needed to conduct forestry projects. About three quarters of Alberta are forests, and about 67% of that can be used for forestry, which leads to the loss of many trees (The Canadian Encyclopedia). Predictions for the Future:

I predict that in the future, the park will remain the same, as a wildlife reserve, since it is a tourist area, and that the species will even multiply, leading to an extension to the park, making it even bigger. I also think that Wood Buffalo, Alberta will not run out of its natural resources as long as they continue to follow the Environmental Protection and Enhancement Act and fix the problems that they encounter right away. I think that due to forestry, this city may run out of trees, if they don't sustain them, but hopefully, the Environmental Protection and Enhancement Act will help them think of a solution to help them find a way to decrease their clear-cutting and protect their land. The Boreal Plains If you want to learn more about the Wood Buffalo National Park and about the other species that they save, watch this video. "Alberta." The Canadian Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Jan. 2013. Bibliography <http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/articles/alberta>. Websites for Research Notes: "Wood Buffalo National Park." Alberta Canada. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Jan. 2013 <http://travelalberta.com/Places%20to%20Go/Parks/Wood%20Buffalo%20National%20Park.aspx?view=overview>.
"Boreal Plains." Parks Canada. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Jan. 2013 <http://www.pc.gc.ca/apprendre-learn/prof/itm2-crp trc/pdf/ecozone06_e.pdf>. "Recent Anthropogenic Changes within the Boreal Plains." Global Forest Watch Canada. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Jan.2013 <http://www.globalforestwatch.ca/change_analysis/skmb-chg-bkgrdr.pdf>. "Landforms and Climate of the Boreal Plains Ecozone." Ecological Framework of Canada. Environment Canada, n.d. Web. 29 Jan. 2013. <http://ecozones.ca/english/zone/BorealPlains/land.html>. Bibliography Websites for images: "Section 2: Annual Statistics: Canada's Physical Environment." Statistics Canada. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Jan. 2013. <http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/16-201-x/2007000/5212638eng.htm>.
"Wood Buffalo Municipal District, Alberta (Canada)." Wood Buffalo Municipal District, Alberta (Canada). N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Jan. 2013. <http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/ca-ab-wo.html>. The following graph shows how much of Alberta is shared with Wood Buffalo. A town in the Boreal Plains is Wood Buffalo, Alberta.


In Wood Buffalo, Alberta there is a national park called "Wood Buffalo National Park", which is a tourist place. It is a big park and it is even known as the largest park on earth. This national park is a wildlife reserve; it has a beautiful view of nature and animals. It is a national park that helps save the bison species, since the park provides them with a safe habitat. This land is not disturbed in a negative way by human activity, instead it is a place that is enjoyed by humans (Alberta Canada). "About Wood Buffalo." Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Feb. 2013. <http://www.woodbuffalo.ab.ca/living_2227/Newcomers/About-Wood-Buffalo.htm>. Photo:Wood Buffalo's flag
"Humans on The Plains." --- . <http://priyankaakhilan.wordpress.com/2012/11/23/humans-on-the-plains/>.

"Fresh- Soil, Rocks and Wildlife." The Boreal Plains-The Trip of a Lifetime. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Feb. 2013. <http://priyankaakhilan.wordpress.com/> N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Feb. 2013 Photo:The Boreal Plains land. Photo: Tree filled land in the Boreal Plains. Photo: The result of forestry. Photo: Oil and gas found in the layers of bedrock under the Boreal Plains. Photo: Tourists in the Boreal Plains After clear-cutting: t The Ecozones
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