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Russian Speakers

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Rachel Cetuk

on 7 March 2013

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Transcript of Russian Speakers

Grammar in English L2 Pronunciation in English L2 Russian Linguistics By: Veronica, Brittany, & Rachel Written Language Videos Translations from Russian to English:
I feel myself well/
I am agree/
I want that you do something/
Reduces use of present simple:
Russian omits the verb "to be" in the present simple form.
There are no articles in Russian. Resources Monk, Bruce & Burak, Alexander. Russian Speakers. Cambridge University Press (2001).

http:.//esl.fis.edu.grammar/langdiff/russian.htm Rhythm and Stress Russian vs. English Word Meaning Differences in Phonology Examples: Perfect Tense vs. Perfectice Aspect L2 Literacy English rhythm and stress patterns are hard for Russian because they vary just as English ones do.
Russian speakers tend to lose the stresses in long English words such as "competition" and "compatibility."
Sentence rhythm poses problems because Russian speakers often put stress on words such as "like," "as," "can," "must," and "have" instead of pronouncing them in their 'weak' forms.
Russian speakers may emphasize certain words that English native speakers would not.
Ex: He's as strong as an ox./ She has three brothers.
In this example, Russian speakers would emphasize the words "has" and "as."
Problems arise for Russian speakers when they ask questions with falling rather than rising intonation. Some native English speakers might interpret this as rude. The Russian Language has nearly 200 million speakers, it is greatly influenced by Greek, Latin, French, German, and English and is the sixth official of the United Nations. English has a fixed word order and meaning and is expressed through the addition of words.
Russian conveys meaning through changes in the composition of words by inflections or the addition of prefixes and suffixes. Due to the differences of Russian and English phonologies it is very difficult for Russians to acquire native-speaker-like standards of pronunciation and intonation.
Russian consists of 5 vowel sounds, with no differentiation between short and long vowels.
English has 12 vowel sounds (5 long, 7 short), plus 8 diphthongs. Synthetic Language: majority of grammatical forms are created through changes in the structure of words. (Prefixes, suffixes, and inflectional endings that indicates conjunction, person, number, gender, and tense.)
No real fixed word order. Largely Phonemic Word pronunciation can be predicted by its spelling, and the spelling can be predicted by pronunciation.
No auxiliary verbs (do, have, will)
No phrasal verbs (verb + article/preposition)
Prepositions are limited in Russian, compared to English.
Nouns have grammatical gender
No articles in Russian
No question tags Auxiliary examples: (omit aux in negatives and questions)
I do not like it. = I no like it.
Do you like football? > Yes, I like.
Question tags:
You like her, doesn't it?
Is many people in room, isn't it?
Did you see him, didn't you?
Have you seen my book? > I put her on the table. The Russian Alphabet Russian Alphabet-Cyrillic Alphabet
33 letters
21 consonants
10 vowels
2 symbols (to indicate whether a preceding consonant in a word is "hard" or "soft." Other Factors Word Order:
English is a strict word order unlike Russian. Usually the errors are common in English question word orders and the use of auxiliary verbs.
Misuse of "what" and "that:"
In Russian there is one word that indicates both meanings of "what" and "that" depending on the context.
The car what I wanted to buy is blue. (The car I want to buy is blue)
It is amazing, what he spoke French. (It was amazing, that he spoke French.)
Double Negatives:
The Russian language uses double negatives while in the English language it can only be used in specific sittuations. English uses Perfect Tense:
Present Perfect, Past Perfect, and Future Perfect
Russian uses Perspective Aspect, which indicates whether or not the action is completed.

The perfect aspect is used for single events where the event has been fully completed.
I bought a coffee,
I went home. https://unco.blackboard.com/ Difficulties The most significant vowel difficulty for Russians is the sound in her/cur.
This sound causes difficulties in words beginning with /w/, such as were/work/worth.
Discriminating between the sounds in sat/set or sit/seat also causes difficulties.
Russian has a similar number of consonants to English , but their sounds do not fully overlap.
The /ð/ sound does not exist in Russian, so the words "thin," "then," and "clothes" are difficult.
The /w/ and /v/ sounds are also troublesome making "west" being pronounced "vest" and vice versa.
The "ng" sound at the end of words often ends up as "sin" or "thinkin." All children in Russian secondary schools are required to learn a language. Of all the languages learned, English is the most commonly taught in schools and learned among students. Attitudes towards learning English are typically positive as Russian citizens are generally experienced language learners.
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