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Galileo-Laurel & Olivia
Transcript of Galileo-Laurel & Olivia
Galileo was born in Pisa, Italy, on the 15th of February, 1564. He was the first of 6 children born to Vincenzo Galilei and Giulia di Cosimo Ammannati.
Galileo had a good amount of siblings, five to be exact. Two brothers, Michelangolo and Benedetto. As well as three sisters, Giulia and Virginia and Livia, whom his daughters are named after. His father, Vincenzo Galilei was also an Italian lutenist, composer, and music theorist. Galileo's brother, Michelagnolo was similar to his dad. He learned how to play the lute at a young age and became an Italian composer and lutenist.
Found why objects float
Had three children with Marina Gamba, but never married possibly because of financial problems
Sent daughters Virginia and Livia to a convent because he was worried they wouldn't marry well
After his son's birth was recognized, he became a successful musician
His nickname is the "Father of Modern Science"
Was under house arrest by the Catholic Church
Humanism, Secularism, & Individualism
In 1574, his family moved to Florence where he started his formal education at the Camaldolese monastery in Valambrosa. In 1583, he entered the University of Pisa to study medicine. With his high intelegance and talent, his quickly learned a love for mathematics and physics. While at the University, he was exposed to the way of thinking that the earth was the center of the universe. At first he supported these ideas, which were supported by the church, but eventually became more aware, and decided to look towards the sky with his telescope.
At his time at the university, he was on track to become a professor there, but due to his financial situation, he had to leave before he could get a degree.
Galileo found many things, such as the earth is not the center of the universe. He tested many theories about gravity that involved dropping different items from the Leaning Tower of Pisa. He made the laws of acceleration based on the law of parabolic fall, which states that bodies fall at the surface of the earth at a constant rate. Not just bodies obeyed this rule. He also, following in the scientist Copernicus, found that the earth was not the center of the universe, and actually revolved around the sun along with other planets.
He also made one of the first telescopes, which he modeled after one made by a Dutch eyeglass maker. At first he used this telescope to sell to Venetian merchants to use for spotting ships, but later he made a fateful decision to turn the telescope up to the skies, and soon after published a small book called
The Starry Messenger.
In his book, he stated his findings, which included that the moon was not flat and smooth, but in fact, was a sphere and had craters and mountains. He also found out that Venus had phases like the moon, proving that it rotated around the sun. He also discovered that Jupiter had moons of it's own, that revolved around Jupiter, not the earth. The findings supported the Copernican theory, which stated that the earth was not the center of the universe.
Galileo died on January 8th, 1642, in Arcetri, Italy. The cause of Galileo's death was from a fever and heart palpitations. He is currently buried in Santa Croce, Florence, Italy.
Galileo reflected the 3 main ideas of the Renaissance while he was shaping the way we think of science, and astronomy today. He showed humanism because he was focused on the teachings of science, and astronomy which are the teachings of the ancient Greeks and Romans. He reflects secularism while he was going against what the church taught, and thought of non-spiritual theories. Galileo showed individualism by doing things on his own without a collaborator, and showed the power of an individual.