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Infection Control and Standard Precautions

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Jessica Moss

on 5 June 2015

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Transcript of Infection Control and Standard Precautions





Prevent transmission of pathogens by applying proper infection control practices to interfere with the spread of microorganisms.

Infection Control and Standard Precautions
Are single celled parasitic organisms with the ability to move

Are microorganisms that can only live in cells. They contain DNA or RNA and are surrounded by a protein capsule. Some viruses have an envelope coating that protects them from being attacked by the immune system. Examples of viruses include: common cold, herpes, influenza, HIV, measles, etc.
Are intracellular parasites that need to be in living cells to reproduce.
Are parasitic worms, pin worms, flatworms, roundworms, or tapeworms.
Fungi- Plant- like organisms that cause disease. Some are beneficial to mankind. They obtain food from living organisms. Fungi is mostly found in individuals with weak immune systems. Examples of fungi include: ringworm, athlete’s foot, etc.
pin worm
Stages of the
Incubation stage- is the time interval between entry of an infectious agent into the host and the onset of symptoms. (the patient is typically infectious to others during this period).

Prodromal stage- Is the time interval from the onset of nonspecific symptoms until specific symptoms begin to appear.
Illness stage- Is the time period when the patient is manifesting specific signs and symptoms of an infectious process.
Convalescent stage- Is the period of time from the beginning of disappearance of acute symptoms until the patient returns to normal.
Infectious Process

One- celled microorganisms that are very complex. They can live in temperatures above boiling and freezing temperatures that could freeze your blood. Examples of bacteria include: Staphylococcus, streptococcus, E. coli, salmonella, etc.


Standard Precautions
Appropriate hand hygiene
choose appropriate PPE as needed: gloves, gown, mask, eye protection (face shield, goggles)
Barrier protective equipment: if splash, splatter, or sprays can be reasonably anticipated
Proper environmental cleaning and disinfection
Proper Handling of Linen
Adherence to Blood borne Pathogens Standards
Safe injection practices
Proper use and handling of patient care equipment
Proper patient placement
Respiratory Hygiene/Cough Etiquette

Standard Precautions
are guidelines to be used during routine patient care and cleaning duties. Standard precautions combine the major features of universal precautions and body substance isolation. Universal precautions help control contamination from blood borne viruses such as HIV and Hepatitis virus
Chain of Infection
The chain of infection describes the elements of an infectious process. Knowledge about the chain of infection facilitates control or prevention of disease by breaking the links in the chain.
Describe six types of pathogenic micoorganisms
Venecia Corner
Explain the infectious process and the chain of infection
Gloria Goodman
Describe methods to break the chain of infection
Davionica Brownlee
Describe the stages of infection
Jazmine Martin
Explain standard precautions
Jessica Moss
Define the key
words that relate to
this chapter and

Sharde' Blassingame Marquise Harrison Alena Mcneill
Ronique Peters
Learning Objectives
Full transcript