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Why Is There Misery in the World?-Soc. 101
Transcript of Why Is There Misery in the World?-Soc. 101
How Would you Define Misery?
How can you define 'misery?'
Durkheim cautioned, "if we are to understand social matters, then we need to understand social causes" (Charon, 153).
Merton's Anomie (Strain) Theory
Individuals who feel frustrated and angry because they cannot achieve social goals for success.
Destructive Social Conflict
Develop Alternative ways of Doing (Ontology)?
Why Is There Misery in the World?
Society as an important Source of Human Problems
How would you define "Misery?"
1. How do we understand human misery?
2. How does social inequality play into human misery?
3. The significance of social forces and social problems?
4. What mechanism define what is a social problem?
A. Where does Human Misery Come From?
I. Discursive fields Explaining Human Misery.
1) Did the Devil make me do it?
b) Political/ Economic
1) Individual responsibility, cost-
1) It is part of the natural process.
II. Sociological Perspective
a) Human misery flows from society
"And now, I think, the meaning of the evolution of civilization is no longer obscure to us. It must present the struggle between Eros and Death (Thantos), between the instinct of life and the instinct of destruction, as it works itself out in an species" Freud, Civilization and Its Discontents, 82).
Sociological Explanation of Misery
Sociologists look to "social inequality" (Charon, 153).
8 Sources of 'Misery'
I. Social Inequality
Inequality brings misery. It brings misery because people want to succeed, and at the same token, social inequality promotes the exploitation of others.
1. Social Inequality 5. Exploitation
2. Poverty 6. Lack of Self-Worth
3. Crime 7. Stress
4. Bad Jobs 8. Institutions
Stress, Crime, & Bad Jobs
1. Pressure to Succeed
2. Bad Jobs (Underemployed/
3. Likelihood to Commit Crime
1. Conformist-Follows Societal Norms & Expectations.
2. Ritualist-Automatically follows Norms &
Expectations, as a means to an end.
3. Innovator-Accepts societal Expectations but creates
alternative to achieve those goals.
4. Retreatist-Rejects societal Norms & Expectations
5. Rebellious-Rejects and substitutes new goals and
World War I.
World War II.
Suicide of his friend.
How does modernization impact social cohesion?
System of power
Promote Alternative ways of Learning (Epistemology)?
Understanding Values and Morals (Axiology)?
Durkheim's Model of Suicide
1. Egoistic-Weak social
2. Altruistic-Strong Social
3. Anomic-No Regulation.
4. Fatalistic-Too Much