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The Plantation of Munster
Transcript of The Plantation of Munster
Munster Plantation: The Desmond Rebellion The Munster Plantation The failures of the
plantation: RESULTS OF PLANTATION Only 4000 settlers arrived.
Undertakers rented and hired Gaelic Irish.
The estates were too big for anyone to defend properly. The successes of the
plantation: Set up new towns.
The development of industries like timber, fishing and mining. Enforcing
the Munster Plantation Elizabeth confiscated all the land belonging to the Earl of Desmond and any lord who had fought along with him.
This amounted to half a million acres.
She than began to plant settlers in what was The Plantation of Munster. half a million acres
of land The 577,000 acres of land confiscated in Munster was divided into
6,000 and 4,000 acre estates.
Each estate was given to a man called an Undertaker in return he agreed:
-To bring in English families as servants and tenants.
-To pay for soldiers and arms to protect them.
-Not to employ Gaelic irish as servants or to rent land to them.
-To follow the protestant religion. Planning the Plantation continued ... When adventurers started arrived in Munster the Fitzgerald's of Desmond became worried. They were afraid they would lose most of their land and have to follow English laws. A skirmish between planters and natives. In 1558, Queen Mary died.
Elizabeth her sister, became Queen
Queen Elizabeth I ruled for 45 years until her death in 1603.
Queen Elizabeth I oversaw the Plantation of Munster. The Fitzgerald's of Desmond and the Munster Plantation Adventurers began to arrive in Elizabeth's reign of Ireland. For hundreds of years the Fitzgerald’s had run Munster without interference from England.
But now Elizabeth I, wanted them to accept judges who would enforce the common law in their territories. Queen Elizabeth I and the
Plantation of Munster In 1579 they started a rebellion against Queen Elizabeth. She sent an army of 8,000 men into Ireland to defeat the Fitzgerald's. The war between Elizabeth and the Fitzgerald's lasted 4 years resulting in the death of thousands including the Earl of Desmond,farming land and crops were destroyed and the Fitzgerald's were totally defeated. The Fitzgerald’s of Desmond were the most powerful Anglo-Norman family in Munster.
The Earl of Desmond was their leader.
He ruled a territory that stretched from Dingle to Waterford.
The Fitzgerald’s did not get on with Queen Elizabeth. There were several reasons for this:
Elizabeth was a Protestant who wanted all her subjects to be Protestants too. But the Fitzgeralds were Catholics.
English and Welsh men who hoped to get Irish land.
Some claimed that some land in Munster should belong to them because they were descended from Norman lords who once lived in Ireland. Key Word Alert:
Adventurer Question Time?? 1. Give two reasons why the Desmond Rebellions occurred?
2. Explain the term Plantation as used in Irish history.
3. How many acres of land were planted in the Munster Plantation?
4. What was an Undertaker?
5. What duties did these Undertakers have in the Plantation of Munster?
6. Name three Plantation towns in Munster.
7. Were the effects of the Plantations of Munster all negative? Explain your answer
The Plantation In Action Plantation towns began to develop as settlers feared attacks from the natives
Tallow, Co Waterford
Mallow and Bandon, Co Cork
Tralee, Co Kerry were all set up as 'plantation towns'
Settlers brought with them new farming methods, they set up small industries (barrel making and fisheries)
Forests were cleared, and timber used to make charcoal
Exports rose rapidly ( timber, iron ore, fish and farm produce)