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Transcript of Sustainable Development
Do you think that the lifestyle of the inhabitants of your town or city reflects behavior that is in line with the concept of sustainable development?
In your opinion, what should be improved?
The original definition of sustainable development is usually considered to be:
"Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs."
Having defined sustainable development, we look in turn to Maracaibo. A few characteristics:
Which brings us back to the question...
Does Maracuchos' lifestyle reflect behavior in line with the concept of sustainable development?
For the sake of this presentation, we will base ourselves on the Venn diagram involving a balance on economic, social, and environmental sustainability, showing sustainable development at the confluence of all three constituent parts.
All three parts are interlinked and interconnected, so the parameters measured will be:
Social: Equity, diversity and
Environmental: Guaranteeing resources for future generations
Economic: Corporate social responsibility and fair trade.
With a Metropolitan area of 1,393 km2 (538sq mi), Maracaibo, ZU is the second largest city in Venezuela, with a population ranking in 2.561.038 people, and it's the source of 70% of its oil reserves.
'Maracuchos', (people from Maracaibo) are very folkloric, almost picturesque, with a very strong sense of regionalism.
Climate in Maracaibo, a tropical city, is very hot and humid all year long, with a year high of 40 degrees Celsius, 33 annual mean.
A viable natural
The town sits on Lake Maracaibo, the largest fresh water lake in South America, which acts as a major port for oil exportation.
The largest indigenous group in Venezuela, the Wayuú tribe, represents close to 11% of the entire population of the Zulia state, with some over 100.000 residing in Maracaibo.
Bruntland Report for the World Commission on Environment and Development (1992)
What should be improved?
The Constitution of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela has been recognized as one of the most advanced ones in Latin America in the matter of social rights and equity for all races.
The administrative and judicial systems set in place in order to guarantee the application of said rights are absolutely corrupted and collapsed.
The Maracaibo area bears one of the highest per capita levels of electrical energy consumption in Latin America, due to the permanent usage of centralized HVAC systems to make closed spaces bearable/enjoyable.
An abundance of natural resources combined with a lack of citizen culture carry as a consequence a mentality of overspending, with little to no attention to recycling commodities of any kind.
Oil from the Maracaibo basin roughly amounts for 60% of the country’s GDP. Economists say that the Maracaibo region and Venezuela are classic examples of the so-called Dutch Disease.
Economic dependence on a single highly priced commodity causes an absence of sustainable conscience about proper resource handling and priorities.
A subsidy of gas amounting for “over $1.5 billion dollars annually when compared with the cost of production”, means that a liter of water costs more than a liter of gas in Venezuela.
Consequently, by all aspects,
Maracuchos' lifestyle does
in line with the concept of sustainable development
The development of programs and projects focusing on alternatives to higher education, such as technical education, and the improvement of social infrastructure should be first topic on a social sustainability agenda.
The Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) and Banco de Desarrollo de America Latina (Formerly known as CAF) offer programs aiming to strengthen technical and technological higher education in order to meet the new demands of the productive sector.
Maracaibo must pursue the generation and recovery of an educational infrastructure that will meet new teaching requirements and will enable the population to entirely develop their capabilities.
Once again, following the basis of quality education as a foundation for the development of society, people in Maracaibo must be taught to contribute to the preservation of their natural habitat by following a livelihood based on conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity.
Biotrade and green markets with biodiversity products and services must be promoted, in markets such as food, cosmetics, fashion, and tourism.
The implementation of sustainable architecture in order to reduce energy usage, applied in different countries in Latin America and the world. Architects are already making their mark in proposals headed towards environmental urbanism, or green building.
Diversifying the economic activities in Maracaibo requires making them economically attractive, environmentally sound and socially responsible, through fair trade policies and agreements.
On bolstering a diversity of domestic commodities and services in order to open the market, standards of organizations such as the Fairtrade Foundation must be followed and enforced to legislate and review prices and economic policies.
The development of a modern public transportation infrastructure, and the normalization of gas prices to neighboring countries’, while increasing car maintenance costs, would promote the use of a better, cleaner public transportation system.
Whether the problems to achieve sustainable development are social, environmental or economic, it all comes down to a basic element that must be strengthened:
A well educated society translates into:
Higher rates of innovation
Higher overall productivity
Ability to introduce new and better production methods
Faster introduction of new, sustainable technology
Consequently, Maracuchos' lifestyle does
reflect behavior in line with
Social Sustainable Development.
Accordingly, Maracuchos' lifestyle does
reflect behavior in line with
Environmental Sustainable Development.
Therefore, Maracuchos' lifestyle does
reflect behavior in line with
Economic Sustainable Development.
In regards to the Maracaibo Lake, oil company operators have always been blamed for the current contamination.
The most recent problem caused by contamination is the rapid growth of a plant called water lentil (duckweed).
Let's take a look at the parameters we mentioned earlier...
Regarding civic culture, a lack of education, respect and voluntary consideration towards the environment and fellow human being is notably present.
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