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China's Population Policies
Transcript of China's Population Policies
China's Expanding population
Every year in China the population expands by 14 million, three quarters of Australia's entire population. The current population of China is 12 billion.
2008 was the year of the golden pig in the chinese zodiac, and was believed to be a very lucky year. Because of this many people decided to have children, creating a spike in the population growth.
In 1963, the average number of children per chinese family was 7.5, now however, the average is just one.
Up until the 1970's, China's government regarded the growing population as an advantage, but now they have put some drastic measures in place to stop it increasing.
There are new laws for the one-child policy beginning in early 2014, which is now.
Families will be allowed to have two children, this could end the whole 35 years of a one child policy. However, there are a few exceptions:
Rural families could have children, but only if the first was a girl. But Ethnic minorities in China are allowed more children.
The predictions from the state are that the population will decrease by 8 million people a year from 2023.
Girls V Boys
In most countries in the world, girls and boys are regarded as equal. However in China, it's a different story. Boys are seen as superior, and infanticide (abandoning or killing baby girls) and gender selective abortion is common.
This has far reaching negative consequences. In 2010 the ratio of girls to boys at birth was 118 males to every 100 females. The result is that over 35 million women are "missing", meaning millions of men are destined never to get married, and never have a family.
This increases the risk of violence between men as there would be more competition for female patners.
The authorities have begun to notice this situation, and the government is cracking down on gender selective abortion by requiring that two doctors are present at the ultrasound, and toughening punishments for doctors who allow it to happen.
Advantages/Disadvantages with the policies
Chance of overpopulation is reduced
Less housing is needed
Cheaper childcare for families
It reduces the use of naturual resources
Older people have to rely on only children to support them financially
Millions of men are destined to die single, as the boy girl ratios are uneven
If a family has two children the second child wouldn't have a normal life as it would have to be hidden from the government and not allowed to attend school.
The one child policy was put in place in
1982. The policy ensures there is one child
per family, in an attempt fo slow down the rapid population growth.
Obeying the policy has many advantages such as be allowed benefits of education and healthcare.
Disobeying the policy has drastic consequences including withdrawal of family allowances and medical benefits. Fines may also be used , either just for the family, or for the whole village. if the offending family works for the government, they may be demoted or lose their job entirely.
China's one child policy
has lowered the birth rate of china and has slowed the growth of population, but it will also bring problems to china in the future.
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