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CMHR 640: Group Project on Shawshank Redemption

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Ramuniqe Shoker

on 22 November 2014

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Transcript of CMHR 640: Group Project on Shawshank Redemption

Brief Summary
So, what's the problem?
Analysis of Warden Samuel Norton
What Alternatives are there?
Analysis of Andy Dufresne

Set in 1947
Andy Dufresne, a banker, is wrongfully convicted of murdering his wife and lover.
While serving his two consecutive life sentences, he befriends another inmate, Ellis Boyd “Red” Redding, a contraband smuggler.
Andy catches the attention of Warden Samuel Norton when he begins to offer financial advice to the captain of the guards, Byron Hadley.

There are two conflicting leaders with different leadership styles.
Leadership in the film: The Shawshank Redemption (1994)
Team 3:
Amrita Sihota
Beatriz Zaragoza
Denis Wong
Li-Chun Yeh
Melody Wong
Nalaeny Vivek
Ramuniqe Shoker
CMHR 640: Group Project
The Shawshank Redemption (1994)
Identification of a Leadership Problem
What leadership theories apply?
What leadership theories apply?
What Alternatives are there?
Pros & Cons for Warden Samuel Norton
Pros & Cons for Andy Dufresne
What next steps should be taken?
Situational Approach
Guards will achieve a higher performance
Will help bring out employees' skills
Employees would feel more motivated to perform better
Prison guards will feel they are being supported by the warden
Works well for repetitive tasks of prison guards such as checking cells, being on lookout, paperwork, etc.
Partnership Phase
Supportive Leadership
Achievement Oriented Leadership
Provides guards with challenges to help them solve complex problems or situations to prevent them from happening
Will lead to less escape attempts by inmates
Guards will be able to assess the personal leadership differences of each inmate and determine whether they could influence another person easily.

Prisoners will see the warden as weakling
Will not be feared by the prisoners
Orders will not be obeyed by the prisoners
Greater performance of guards because it would reflect the interests of everyone
Influences would be reciprocal with high quality leader-member exchanges
Harmonious relationship in the organization
Improves loyalty, job performance, and willingness to obey supervisor

Role identity conflicts
Guards would be doing more tasks than their scripted roles or jobs

Higher satisfaction of guards
Guards will be more motivated in doing their tasks
Higher performance levels because they have a high need for affiliation since they talk together on duty

Warden Norton will be seen as a weakling by the prisoners and will rebel back
Guards may start to question the warden's orders and disregard them
Guards could become more humane and lenient towards the prisoners
Guards will believe that it is unnecessary to hurt people and may think that using a re-education system to punish prisoners

Difficult to sustain because work setting in a prison can be very complex
Hard to measure performance standards at a prison

Authentic Leadership
Andy could build trusting relationships with other inmates
Can use his own values to try to persuade the inmates that they should do something about how they are treated by the guards and the warden
A full prison riot could be started and later do a full prison escape

It would require him a lot of effort to persuade other inmates because of his introvertedness
He might give the wrong impression of a good moral leader to his followers
Could later be discovered as a deceptive person

Use supportive leadership style
Use more supportive behaviour in response to the gloomy prison workplace to become much more effective
Show more concern to subordinates and be less directive
Rely on followers more to encourge them to take more responsible roles
Clarify goals of his subordinates
Help inmates to face the outside world with a positive attitude
Warden Samuel Norton
Use authentic leadership
Be more vocal of his thoughts
"Get busy living or get busy dying" - Andy
Share his ideas to the other inmates of how to counteract the treatment they are getting from the guards and the warden
Andy Dufresne
Full transcript