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Governments in South and East Asia
Transcript of Governments in South and East Asia
Three Branches of Government:
The President is the the chief of state, or ceremonial leader (no political power)
Prime Minister is the head of state and has the most political power
The President appoints the Prime Minister, who is the leader of the majority party in Parliament, the legislative branch.
Established in 1949 by Mao Zedong
Communist State ( Communism - A system of government in which the state plans and controls the economy and a single, often authoritarian party holds power, claiming to make progress toward a higher social order in which all goods are equally shared by the people.)
The highest government appointed leader in China is the President - whose position is mostly ceremonial.
House of the People
(elected by Indian Citizens)
Council of the States
Elected by Lok Sabha Parliament divided
into two houses
China (Continued) The head of government is the Premier who leads the State Council, or Cabinet, which holds the executive power in China.
Right to Vote: Every person over the age of 18.
These rights are meaningless because in Communist China, the actions of the citizens are dictated by the government.
For Example: Although they have the right to vote, they are only allowed to vote for candidates of the communist party. Those elected have very little power. Personal Freedoms: Citizens denied:
The freedom of speech
Freedom of worship
safety from physical harm and political persecution.
Recently, China has begun to realize this injustice and has made efforts to better protect its citizens' personal freedoms.
Japan After WWII, Japan collaborated with Western powers and established a constitutional monarchy with a new constitution.
Government was careful to preserve the traditional empire of Japan while creating a modern system of democracy.
Japan follows a Parliamentary System Japan The emperor is given the highest title of leadership but is actually a ceremonial leader.
Prime Minister is the head of government.
Prime Minister is elected by the Diet, Japan's legislature, and is the leader of the majority party of the House of Representatives (one of the two houses of the Diet).
Citizens elect the members of the House of Representatives.
The other house in the Diet is the House of Councillors. Japan Citizens have:
the right to vote after age 20
freedom of speech
freedom of religion
equal rights for women
UNUSUAL provisions in Constitution is Article 9, which renounces war as a method of solving problems in Japan and prohibits Japan from having a military.
India Rights and Freedoms:
Right to vote over age 18
Freedom of Speech
Freedom of assembly
Freedom of religion
Conserve their language and culture to establish schools to teach about their cultures.