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Indian Horse Seminar - Chapter 19 - 24

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Rica Cruz

on 24 April 2015

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Transcript of Indian Horse Seminar - Chapter 19 - 24


Failure to do so will result in having to write an in-class essay until your hand bleeds.
Hockey is his Saul-ace
Plot
St. Jerome's
Residential School
Themes
Hockey Rink
- Game Time!
Setting
Students vs St. Jerome's
Conflict
Indian Horse
Seminar: Chapters 19 - 24

By: Tracy C, Rica C, Leizel F, Victoria L, and Juleane T
*Cue training montage music
Plot
The Nighttime Invasions
Symbolism and Rhetorical Devices
Whole-wheat quadriceps
Devices
Saul Indian Horse -
#HockeyIsLyf4Saul
Characters
Hockey Rink
- Overtime!
Setting
White River Arena
- PLAY OFFS
Setting
Power and Fear of Power:
Themes^2
Saul vs Hockey
Conflict
Saul vs Unknown
Conflict (Saul's got enemies, got a lot of enemies)
Students vs Nuns / Priests
Conflict
#God=Bae(?)
Freedom:
Themedom
HAWK-EE (hockey)
Symbols
PUNS
Rhetorical Devices
Works Cited
Emptiness:
"... and then looked at me with eyes as deep and empty as the eyes of a doll." (82)
Hollowness, lifeless
Child-like, symbolic of their youth
Easily manipulated and impressionable

"There was no recognition on her face, no expression except surrender... she raised her chin an inch or so, gazed at me with dark, empty eyes..." (97)
The children had the life sucked out of them in the residential schools
They became numb to their emotions

"His body just disappeared and none of the priests or nuns said anything about him again." (80)
Lack of consideration for human life
Lack of emotion, hollow
Desensitized
GROUND RULES
You can ONLY answer in French.
Any other language is forbidden, and you will be expelled.
Any answer that explores creativity will not be accepted.
You will be forced to stand in a corner for the rest of the day.
(We went these over with Ms. Hickey. These rules are legitimate.)
"We were like stock. That's how we were treated. Fed, watered, made to bear our daily burden and secured at night." (80)
Reverse of the roles
Naomi used to be the matriarch in the band
Nuns and priests are given jurisdiction
Saul's hockey talent
The town team kicking him off

"'... I'm the best they got.'
'I know. That's why they don't want you to play.'" (91)
Saul's ability alters the town team's status quo
Their power as white people enable them to kick Saul off the team

Religion and Difference of Views:
Acceptance and Belonging:
"We brought you here to save you from your heathen way, to bring you to the light of salvation of the one true God. What you have learn here will raise you up, make you worthy, cleanse your body and purify your spirit." (78)
The "views" of the nuns and priests
Irony
The students are given dirty work
The priests and nuns stain their souls with sin

"'God's love... What Sister brings at night. What Father brings. To bless me. To nourish me.'" (82)
Abuse in the name of God, justifying their actions
The impressionability and naivety of these children

"'It's God's game,' he said. 'Where's God now, then?'" (92)
Question of belief
Forcing beliefs on others causes conflict
"There wasn't a nuance that I didn't try to incorporate into what felt like flying, being borne across the skin on great wings. I loved that." (72)
Skating is Saul's symbol of freedom
Flying = bird

"In the spirit of hockey I believed I had found community, a shelter and a haven from everything bleak and ugly in the world." (90)
Makes reference to his past and the residential school
Hockey is his coping mechanism to explore a sense of freedom

"Already I could feel St. Jerome's losing its hold on me... I was being freed. But I was scared too." (97)
Ambivalence
Escape from his cage, freedom to explore
St. Jerome's is also all he has ever known
(I know this is supposed to be about Canadian history, but I thought this would keep people engaged.)
"And in the gathering gloom of those evening we all grew closer. I ceased to be the Zhaunagush. I became Saul Indian Horse, Ojibway kid and hockey player. I became a brother." (86)
Identity
Acceptance by his peers
Second family

"The Kellys would be your legal guardians, Saul. That means you could leave here and go to Manitouwadge, attend a regular school. You'd have a home, Saul. A real home." (95)
Change
Giving home proper home and family
What causes humans to fear power/yearn for it? Do you believe Saul fears power or wants it?
http://www.ctvnews.ca/video?clipId=359747
To lighten the mood:
"To hold him back from nurturing a gift that is divine in nature would be counterproductive to what we set out to achieve." (97)
On the previous chapter of
Indian Horse
.....
A member of Father Leboutilier's hockey team injures himself during practice!!!

Who shall take his place?
None other than Saul Indian Horse!

Saul shows off his super cool skills and scores a goal!

THE CROWD GOES WILD!!!!!
"I was a small boy with outsized skates, and in the world that hockey created I found a new home" (72).
After losing his home and family, he finds a new one in hockey
New path in life
Brings him happiness and freedom

White River Arena
Symbols
PLOT
"I was a small boy with outsized skates, and in the world that hockey had created I found a new home." (72)
Through hockey, Saul finds consolation while he is at St. Jerome's
Finds a new home in his world of hockey
"The goalie flung up his glove hand but it was too late. The puck skimmed into the top corner of the net." (76)
First goal
Hard working, practice makes perfect, and determined


- Sister Ignacia and Father Quinney protest at first, but then finally allow Saul to play hockey.
"When I hit the ice I left all of that behind me. I stepped onto the ice and Saul Indian Horse, the abandoned Ojibway kid, clutched in the frozen arms of his dead grandmother, ceased to exist." (83)
Saul moves forward with his life
Letting go of his past???
Becoming a new person

- Saul plays town team in the White River arena. They seem to be outmatched, but they win with the help of Saul's visions and skill.
Saul Indian Horse (2)
*insert nice subtitle about Saul growing as a person plus having friends*
"I became Saul Indian Horse, Ojibway kid and hockey player. I became a brother." (86)
Saul accepting his life and growing as a person
New chapter of his life
"Already I could feel St. Jerome's losing its hold on me. I was almost fourteen. I was being freed. But I was scared too... And I'd be leaving Father Leboutilier behind." (97)
FREEDOM, FINALLY.
Finally, leaving behind the horrid place of St. Jerome's
Bittersweet moment in his life
"Get'cha, get'cha, get'cha, get'cha head in the game (repeat 3x)"
- Zac Efron, 2006
- Winter ends, but Saul still trains. He runs with Father Leboutilier and trains with his fellow hockey players.
Father Leboutilier (2)
"I ceased to be the Zhaunagush. I became Saul Indian Horse, Ojibway kid and hockey player." (86)
They bond and form a community
Leaves his old self behind and becomes stronger
- Winter's back and they have another town game. He joins a midget team. Superstar player Saul wins more games and gains attention.
When will this nightmare end?!?!
"This is your first game. So play it for fun. Play it to learn. Play it as a team and you can't lose." (75)
Considerate, level-headed and understanding
"When he coached us or watched the televised games, he lost the solemn priestly facade and became a boy again, licking his lips in anticipation. His relish was infectious." (83)
Easy going which attracts the boys to him
Escape from the harsh priests and nuns

" He'd wait until I had scraped the ice clean and done my warm-ups, then lace up his own skates and join me." (83)
Supportive and encouraging
"We brought you here to save you from your heathen ways" (78).


Using Christianity to strip them of their cultural identity
Denouncing their ways
Beatings, harsh treatments, cruel punishments
Physical and mental torture
Exploit them with hard labour
Conform or be punished (no voice)
Father Leboutilier
-
n.
a tru sav (extraordinary
person)
"We spent an hour in the classroom each day to learn rudimentary arithmetic and English that would secure manual labour when we 'graduated' from the school" (79).
"I was a small boy with outsized skates, and in the world that hockey had created I found a new home." (72)
Saul found a sense of belonging
A feeling of freedom
Distracting /being away from all the losses and pain
A new thing to focus on in his life/gives him power&motivation
indicate a way to get out from everything??
"But I knew that loneliness would be dispelled by the sheen of the rink in the sunlight..."(73)
"That's what makes you so extraordinary. You have that spirit within you." (84)
A lot of faith in Saul
Believes in him and sees potential
"I thought we were sent to offer counsel, and the means to a better life?... he will have the benefit of a good home and good schooling. We will have achieved our mission." (96)
Way with words
Persuasive
Chance to leave
Favouritism?
How does one even graduate from this school?
"But perhaps what terrified us the most were the nighttime invasions." (81)
Hockey Encounters
Rape, sexual abuse, molesting little children
Forcing them to believe it's "God's love" (82).
Children become empty, hollow, lifeless, desensitized
Loss of innocence
Dead inside
Town Teams
"'The Indian school brought their mascot!' 'Is he a squirt? Nah. he's a dribble!'" (74-75)
"Thirteen's good for an Indian." (89)
People are discriminating and prejudice
Racist
Levi Deiter
SAUL
Setting
"Our midget team is competitive and we could use him." (88)
Accepting and only looks at Saul as a skilled hockey player
"He had his hands stuffed in his pockets and he didn't look me in the eye... I could see tears in his eyes..." (90)
Pressured by other teammate's parents
Ashamed to let him go
A way to reconnect to Saul's born talents (culture) and the nature.
"I could see. I could see what they were going to do before they did it." (75)
"My vision grew even sharper the more I played." (84)
They tell him he cannot play anymore
Taking away his home AGAIN
"They think it's their game" (92).
Evil in St. Jerome's (aka Priests and Nuns)
"He has a God-given gift for it, Sister." (72)
Man of reason
Justifies things in God's name
"There we sat dully in ourselves while Father Quinney said a mass in Latin. At the end he pronounced the greatness of the Catholic god." (78)
Devoted Catholic
Sister Ignacia
"Sister Ignacia was vehement in her disgust with the idea." (95)
"Surrending him to the influence of a soulless game is not what we were directed to do here." (96)
Against everything that she thinks isn't in God's name
Uptight and strict
Father Quinney
Setting
Where do they find these Priests and Nuns tho'
The Children
"The girls were kept busy in the kitchen, where they baked bread... or in the sewing rooms... The boys mucked out the stalls of the cows and horses, hoed the fields, harvested the vegetables or worked in the carpentry shop..." (79)
Treated as child labourers
No real education
"We were like stock. That's how we were treated. Fed, watered, made to bear our daily burden and secured at night." (80)
Child abuse
Sexual harassment
Harsh treatment towards children
"I'd never been offered a choice before." (97)
Had no voice
Either obey orders or be punished

Father Leboutilier
vs Sister Ignacia / Father Quinney
Lenny Mink and Angelique Lynx Leg
"St. Jerome's was hell on earth." (78)
SAUL'S SAVIOR
What does this mean? Why is it, "their game?"
What do you think was the real reason they banned Saul from playing?
-SAUL LEAVES!!! FREEDOM! He leaves school to start his new life, with the Kellys and their hockey team, the Moose.
Chance to start anew
New beginnings


"There wasn't a funeral. There never was for kids who died. His body just disappeared and none of the priests or nuns said anything about him again." (80)
"'God's love,' she said again, and then looked to me with eyes as deep and empty as the eyes of a doll. 'What Sister brings at night. What Father brings. To bless me. To nourish me." (82)
Treated as objects
Rape
Saul
<--
-Fred Kelly, also Ojibway native, wants Saul to play hockey and live with him.
-Father Quinney offers Saul the choice to leave so he can nurture his divine gift.
Everyone is obligated to participate at least twice during our seminar.
JUST KIDDING!
Priest and nuns are the representatives of God, but why do they feel empowered to abuse it?
Fred Kelly
But if we were convincing enough and had authority, how would that have made you feel?
http://www.cowanauctions.com/auctions/item.aspx?id=63083
http://www.clker.com/clipart-spot-light.html
http://blogs.houstonpress.com/rocks/2010/08/so_whats_up_with_kanyes_power.php
http://clubpenguin.wikia.com/wiki/File:Hockey_Stick_Pin.PNG
http://clubpenguin.wikia.com/wiki/File:Hockey_Stick_Pin.PNG
http://knowyourmeme.com/memes/based-god
"We'd only ever played outdoors and the heat in the dressing rooms made the air feel heaving in our lungs...We were used to suiting up in the full chill...We were used to allowing...the rush of the blood to our muscles, gradual warming from the effort...In the arena, the yellow lights were above us instead of clouds. There was glass above the boards and behind the nets instead of chicken wire." (74)
http://motor-kid.com/cartoon-hockey-stick-png.html
http://galleryhip.com/top-hat-clipart.html
h ttp://img3.wikia.nocookie.net/__cb20120409185348/mlp/images/3/30/HappyStudio_Snowflake.png
The place where Saul has his 1st game and proves his capability to everyone
Fell in love with the games
http://clubpenguin.wikia.com/wiki/File:Sun_Pin.PNG
Suffocating
Huge differences between the rink they used to play and the rink the white people used to play
Differences in the living ways and styles (stripped from the rituals)
Similar to how the white man stripped the Aboriginals of their culture
http://clubpenguin.wikia.com/wiki/File:Hockey_Stick_from_a_Player_Card.PNG
"Our life depends on the life of Mother Earth. If Mother Earth gets sick, so shall we. So, we must keep Mother Earth, including all her people, healthy... if we do anything that shows disrespect – then we are going to become sick, too." (Scarboro Missions)
http://birthday-kid.com/birthday-confetti-png.htm
https://www.scarboromissions.ca/Golden_rule/meditation_exercises.php
https://www.scarboromissions.ca/Golden_rule/meditation_exercises.php
http://www.commonsenseevaluation.com/tag/eagles/

"'Saul, Fred lived here at the school for eight years. So did his wife, Martha... Fred wants you to go live with him and his family and play hockey for the Moose..." (95)
Change can happen
Opportunity to leave
Freedom
http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0377092/
"The game loves you, he'd said, and right here, right then, I loved it back." (77)
"They would start with the swish of slippered feet along the floorboards or the hems of the cassocks and gowns as the predators hurried through the dorms... In the daylight, we would look at each other blankly, so that we would not cause any further shame." (81)
http://cdn.shopify.com/s/files/1/0181/4369/products/FREEEDOM_TIE_UP-1_large.png?v=1380379711
Indian Residential Schools Commemoration Project
. Anishinabek Nation, n.d. Web. 28 Mar. 2015.
<http://www.anishinabek.ca/irscp/irscp-about-residential.asp>

Interfaith Commentaries on the Golden Rule.
Scarboro Missions — A Society of Canadian Catholics, Priests, and
Laity Dedicated to the Mission of Jesus Christ. Scarboro Missions, n.d. Web. 31 Mar. 2015. <https://www.scarboromissions.ca/Golden_rule/interfaith_commentaries.php>.

Wagamese, Richard.
Indian Horse: A Novel.
Vancouver, BC: Douglas & McIntyre, 2012. Print.

Woodard, Stephanie. "Indian Residential Schools | Here to Help." Here to Help | Here to Help. N.p., 28 July 2011.
Web. 29 Mar. 2015. <http://www.heretohelp.bc.ca/visions/trauma-and-victimization-vol3/indian-residential-schools>.


PLOT
INHUMANE and SUFFERING place
Kids do all kinds of harsh work & only learn a little
Tortured humiliating punishments---threatened and damaged the kids both physically and psychologically
Vivid imagery
Never explicitly states that it is rape
Reader infers
Creates a darker atmosphere
Creates an empathetic link towards the students
Symbolic of stripping the students of their innocence and making them lifeless, empty humans
you thirsty victoria?
"They called it a school, but it was never that. Most
of our days were spent in labour... We spent an hour
in the classroom each day..." (79)
As opposed to students in the typical connotation of a school environment, students at the residential school are mainly put to work.
The school is comparable to a labour camp.
The priorities of the school represent the intention for the students to not be able to rise in the social hierarchy, and to only be able to work menial jobs.
http://www.navajotimes.com/news/2014/0414/040314boarding.php#.VRtcA0KaJFI
"Hey Father...Good joke. Holey sweaters!" (87)
METAPHOR
no isn't it so funny that there's a glass of water in water hahahahahahha
glass of cup
"St. Jerome's was hell on earth." (78)
cup of glass
Describes the living environment of the school
It's also ironic, because it's a Christian school
Should be more like heaven
Kelly could be like JESUS
He suffered through residential school, like Saul, and saves him from damnation (the school)
"But perhaps what terrified us most were the nighttime invasions. They would start with the swish of slippered feet along the floorboards... as the predators hurried through the dorms... ad then the rustling sounds that tattooed themselves onto our brains, the cries of distress, the sounds of skin sliding against skin and the low adult growls were born of a hunger none of us could ever understand" (81)
DESPERATE
Absolute obedience seems as the only way to survive
;)
"St. Jerome's was hell on earth."(78)
"We stood in lines waiting our turn at the toilets---a dozen of them for a hundred and twenty boys." (78)
"
"They called it a school, but it was never that. Most of our days were spent in labour....There were no grades or examinations. The only test was our ability to endure." (79)
The students are being raped by the Nuns and Priests during nighttime invasions.
Although the children recognize that they are being traumatized, no one is attempting to stop them out of their own personal fears.
"We lived under constant threat. If it wasn't the direct physical threat of beatings, the Iron Sister...it was the dire threat of purgatory, hell and the everlasting agony their religion promised for the unclean, the heathen, the unsaved." (80)
"There wasn't a nuance that I didn't try to incorporate into what felt like flying, being borne across the sky on great wings. I loved that. I was a small boy with outsized skates, and in the world that hockey had created I found a new home." (72)
Gliding away from all the troubles at St. Jerome's
Escaping reality
Crystalline that helps him transform into the person he is now
Saving grace
Self-realization
The Iron Sister was "hell" in the hell (the most worst place in the school).
The cold, dead place with no sign of living
No one had ever come out from the Iron Sister with the full completeness in the body and the mind

Other punishments they received in the residential schools:
"'God's love,' Angelique Lynx Leg whispered one day... 'What Sister brings at night. What Father brings. To bless me. To nourish me.'" (82)
Some children are too naive to understand that they are being taking advantage of.
They are lead to believe that their treatment is normal and God given.
St. GERMS Continues...
"It was shaped like a shoebox, long and flat with a small grille in the door. I could see that it wasn't high enough to allow even the smallest child to stand, or even kneel. I walked toward it, and the iron was cold to my touch." (80)
"'Yeah. But there it feels like they want more than that.' 'Like what, Saul? 'I don't know. I guess that's what scares me.'" (88)
Setting
St. GERMS Continues...
"I was being freed. But I was scared too, and I moved through those dim hallways with some regret. This was the only place I'd known for the past five years, And I'd be leaving Father Leboutilier behind." (97)
Saul questions what the White River competitive hockey team wants from him.
He fears that he will not rise to the teams expectations or that they want something from him that he cannot give.
Kids were totally avoided and forbidden from their culture and traditions
They could be easily called to do anything that was humiliating in order to satisfy the pleasure of the priests and nuns.
Saul is finally granted freedom from St. Jerome's Residential School, but is still concerned about the future.
He is saddened by the fact that he is leaving Father Leboutilier, who supported him and was his friend throughout his struggle at the school.
"When your innocence is stripped from you, when your people are denigrated, when the family you came from is denounced and your tribal ways and rituals are pronounced backward, primitive, savage, you come to yourself as less than human." (81)


Electrical shock
Withholding of medical attention
Force-feeding of own vomit when sick
Needles inserted into tongues for speaking their language
"'It's because I'm Indian, isn't it?'" (91)
Eventually, destroyed the children
(Skating on the rink away from his woes)
Saul found salvation and a sense of belonging off reserve by playing hockey with the White River team.
Saul was released from the team after claims that the other parents wanted their children to play more, however Saul recognized the prejudice towards him.
The experience of playing with boys at the same level was taken away from Saul.
"'... we were sent to cleave the savage from them' 'I thought we were sent to offer counsel and the mean to a better life?'" (96)
Father Leboutilier and Sister Ignacia have contrasting views on the purpose of residential schools.
Sister Ignacia insists on an environment where students are trapped within the school property and that fear is necessary.
Sister Ignacia often brings Father Quinney into discussion, but he often sides with Father Leboutilier within reason.
St. Jerome's did not serve the needs of the students.
Students were forced to conform to a routine.
http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-eK6J1hvtywI/UFY8i_zMt7I/AAAAAAAAB50/zpU2MTp1w3Y/s1600/dec1963.
http://www.firstnationswriter.com/images/photos/iceskateLARGE.
https://www.taftschool.org/about/images/rink.
"'His thighs were like loaves of bread. Huge." (85)
SIMILE
Simile
Hyperbole
Description of the thighs of Yvan Cournoyer, the fastest hockey player, Father Leboutilier had ever seen.
The comparison was used as motivation for Saul to build his own body during the off season to achieve a similar physique.
"We'd only ever played outdoors and the heat in the dressing rooms made the air feel heaving in our lungs...We were used to suiting up in the full chill...We were used to allowing...the rush of the blood to our muscles, gradual warming from the effort...In the arena, the yellow lights were above us instead of clouds. There was glass above the boards and behind the nets instead of chicken wire." (74)
"Or maybe the drink had taken them over as easily as hockey had claimed me." (73)

colonialism
the zhanagush were "imprisoned“ from the nature定安and in their own way of life and the thought of the world
shortsighted
poor condition that the kids in the residential school had (deep contrast)
Both consume their lives
Takes away a little of the pain
Makes them forget about their sadness and loneliness, temporarily
http://faithfulprovisions.com/the-key-to-my-perfect-loaf-of-bread/
http://barrie.ctvnews.ca/polopoly_fs/1.1065771.1361280778!/httpImage/image.jpeg_gen/derivatives/landscape_960/image.
http://westcoastnativenews.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/Indian-Residential-School.
http://i.huffpost.com/gen/1415194/images/o-RESIDENTIAL-SCHOOL-facebook.
http://blog.saskurbex.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/10/img_3600.
Testimonies
Howard Wanna, 60
"Worst of all, I had no one to turn to, not even God, because God’s representative on earth was the one hurting me."
“The child-molesters would come and go, as the Church rotated them among the Indian missions. We children stood by each other as best we could, but for a child, it was a disturbing, sickening place to be. I have often wondered, where did the nuns and priests learn those things?"
Sherwyn Zephier, 54
Hockey Rink
Full transcript