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Early 1700's Medicine
Transcript of Early 1700's Medicine
CHRONOLOGY OF MEDICAL/ TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCES. (n.d.). Retrieved April 5, 2013, from http://perfline.com/textbook/local/mvinas_chronol.htm#17TH
Health in the 17th century : Tudors, Stuarts & Greenwich fact files : History of the Queen's House : The Queen’s House : Places : RMG. (n.d.). Retrieved April 5, 2013, from http://www.rmg.co.uk/queens-house/history/fact-files/health-in-the-17th-century
Research The Growth of Hospitals in the 1700s | BookRags.com. (n.d.). Retrieved April 5, 2013, from http://www.bookrags.com/research/the-growth-of-hospitals-in-the-1700-scit-0412/ Medical interventions Early 1700’s Medicine -Amputation knife was used. It was curved because surgeons tended to create a circular cut through the skin and muscle before the bone was cut with a saw. Surgeries Theory of the cause of disease or illness -'The Four Humours'
Blood - which they thought could cause fevers, nosebleed, or even a bad temper - so bleeding cured this.
Yellow Bile - which could cause a dry hacking cough and a nosebleed.
Black Bile - which could cause sadness and depression.
Phlegm - which caused colds.
Like the four earth elements of Air, Fire, Earth and Water, it was thought that the human body would require a balance of these in order to remain healthy.
Facilities -Hospitals were opened in larger cities as industrialization developed. Prevention of Diseases and Illness During the course of the plagues the doctors dressed in a particular way: they wore a bird's beak on the nose containing a perfumed sponge because they believed that smells (miasmas) were the cause of infectious diseases -Circumcision was a ritual in 1700’s. -When removing bladder stones, they used a lithotome. Some surgeons would twist off cancerous tumors if they found any while performing this procedure. -Tobacco smoke enema was used to infuse tobacco smoke into a patients rectum for certain medical purposes such as saving somebody who has drowned. -Speed was important to surgeons and also to the patients because they were the ones who experienced the agony while a surgeon was cutting them open while they were awake. In order to stop bleeding during amputations, a French surgeon by the name of Jean Louis Petit invented a tourniquet. It worked by clamping it onto a patients leg or lower abdomen. This inventions was known as one of the most important surgical advancement before anesthesia was invented. -Many surgeons could amputate at the thigh of a patient in 10 seconds. They would first practice on dead people. -Closing wounds was not much practiced. Stitches were performed occasionally but surgeons preferred to let the wounds or opening heal on their own. They would wrap a special cloth and tape the wounded area. -When women were diagnosed with breast cancer, surgeons would cut off the entire breast off to prevent further spread of the disease. Since there was little medicine available, many surgeries resulted in death. Since their education in germs was not as advanced, there were complications which also resulted in death. -Some women who treated people with herbs and potions were accused of being witches and put to death by hanging or drowning Great Plague of London is a disease caused by the Yersinia pestis bacterium which is usually transmitted through the bite of an infected rat flea. The plague killed 15% of the population. Technology Advancement Anton van Leeuwenhoek used a microscope and discovered red blood cells, bacteria, and protozoa. Oxygen first prepared by the Swedish chemist Scheele, who called it "fire air." Medication Chinese people had been using plants for medicinal purposes for 4500 years and some of these had been brought to Europe. Many domestic plants, such as foxglove and marshmellow, were also used to cure illnesses. Leeches are a type of slug-like worm, used for thousands of years to reduce blood pressure and cleanse the blood. The king gave the 'Royal Touch' in order to drive away king's evils. By Amos and Elvia