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1970s: Culture Wars

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Jarod Roll

on 16 November 2016

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Transcript of 1970s: Culture Wars

1970s: Culture Wars

HIS 106
Dr. Roll
post-1960s 'culture war':
--New Deal coalition torn apart
--Sunbelt, "country" ethic (even though mostly suburban)
--new urban ethic defined by African American cultural creations: soul, funk, rap
--Examples: Merle Haggard; Gil Scott-Heron
Sunbelt conservatism:
--'law and order'
--'white flight'
backlash: Boston busing riots, 1974
Women's Movement
1970: ERA passes House of Rep.
1972: Title IX of Education Amendment of Civil Rights Act, outlaws gender discrimination in any aspect of federally funded education
1973: Roe v. Wade established right to abortion (1966: California under Gov. Ronald Reagan legalized abortion)
1974: gender discrimination in credit illegal
1976: military academies opened to women
1978: discrimination against pregnant workers illegal
Stonewall Inn uprising, 1969
--first Gay Pride Parade, 1969
--Gay Liberation Front
--first openly gay person elected to public office (MA, 1972)
American Indian Movement, 1969
Nixon appealed to 'silent majority' but did not abandon basis of New Deal state; in fact, expanded it:
--Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), 1970
--Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), 1971
Phyllis Schlafly, Stop ERA
Carter beset by problems on all sides:
--distrust of government (Vietnam, Nixon, Sixties)
--economic crisis: inflation, stagnation, deindustrialization
--politics of cultural division ('law and order' vs. rights)
rise of evangelical Christians
--1976, the "Year of the Evangelicals"
--suburban mega-churches
--Jimmy Carter, first 'born again' President

had been growing since start of Cold War:
--Billy Graham, 1949
--In God We trust on $ in 1950s
--"under God" in Pledge of Allegiance in 1950s
but also rise of spiritualism more broadly
Private, Christian schools:
--new form of segregation
--ex. Madison-Ridgeland Academy, est. 1969
Carter struggled to deal with problems:
--increased spending on public works
--but also cut capital gains taxes
--National Energy Act of 1978: new mileage standards, solar energy investment, incentives for conservation

Iranian Revolution, 1978-79
--new oil crisis
--US embassy hostage crisis, Tehran
--failed rescue attempt

Carter wins 1976 election over moderate Republican Ford, who defeated more conservative Reagan in primary
Full transcript