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World Gerography

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Matthew Harmon

on 20 March 2015

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Transcript of World Gerography

World Geography
With Coach Hildebrand
USA
Canada
China
Japan
Russia
San Juan

(All information Curtsey of Coach Hildebrand from His Class)
Paris
Vijayanagar, India
Washington D.C.
Rome
United States: Physical Features

Landforms
U.S. and Canada make up 80% of North America’s landmass
High Mountains
Plateaus- goes up in altitude (hill/mountain) and levels off.
Volcanic Islands
Barrier Islands- islands that have formed by waves and currents depositing sand in shallow water
Piedmont- area near the foot of a mountain
Fall Line- area ships could not sail past due to rocks (many first settlements were created here)

The East and Interior
Appalachian Mountains
Alabama to southeastern Canada
Highest peaks are around 6,000 feet tall
Interior includes: Mississippi River, Great Plains (Canada into Texas) and Great Lakes
Canadian Shield stretches from Hudson bay to Arctic Ocean and Atlantic Ocean
Cannot produce good farmland due to rocky surface on Canadian Shield






The West
Rocky Mountains
Stretch from New Mexico to Canada
Highest Peak reaches 14,000 feet.
Several Different Ranges
Deep Canyons and Desert Basins
Death Valley California lowest and hottest place in the USA
Cascade Ranges includes volcanic mountains (Mt. St. Helens)

Bodies of Water
Mississippi, Missouri, and Ohio Rivers
Used for trade and deposits large amounts of sediment in the Gulf of Mexico
North America has more large lakes than any other continent

(Curtsey of Coach Hildebrand from His Class)
U.S. and Canada Currently

Values of U.S. and Canada
Hard Work + smart= $ucce$$
# of commas in Bank (1,000,000,000,000,000)
Incentives- reward for work using natural resources to their advantages to make a profit

Market Economies
Own/operate and profit from business people who start their own businesses are called Entrepreneurs
Consumers have a Choice in what is purchased. $ for product

Post Industrial Economies
Focus more on services offered and high tech businesses

Agriculture
Commercial farming-profit
Commodities: goods produced for sale
1 Billion Acres of Farmland
Risky Business being a farmer
U.S. and Canada leading the World in production of: Beef, Eggs, Milk, Corn, Wheat
Corn Belt: from Nebraska to Ohio
50% of corn produced used to feed livestock



Manufacturing Industries
Makes up 20% of the economy (higher % in S.C.)
Silicon Valley California: Home to 20 of the World's 100 largest High Tech Companies

Trade and Interdependence
U.S. has a trade deficit- we import more goods than we export
Canada has a trade surplus-export more goods than they import
Outgo- House, Car, Gas, Groceries, Insurance, Student Loans, Pets, Vacation, Children. $ Out
Inflow- Paycheck, Tax Return, Lottery Winnings, Allowance
Inflow-Outgo= + $urplus/ $ucce$$ful
U.S. Inflow-Outgo= -
NAFTA: North American Free Trade Act signed in 1994-removed trade restrictions between Canada, U.S. and Mexico
Outsourcing-setting up plants abroad to produce parts and products for domestic use or sale. Full Time= 40 Hours US, 12-15 hours a day 6 days a week= 90 Hours a week

Russia’s Geography

The Largest Country
Russia used to be the Soviet Union but the Union fell in 1991
Russia then separated into 15 countries
In fact Russia is the largest country in the world 6.6 million square miles

Mountains
The Ural mountains separate Russia from Europe
Southwest Russia contains the Caucasus Mts.
Central Siberian Plateau separates Russia and China these mountains reach the Pacific Ocean temp. drops to -90 degrees
Plains
Western Siberian Plain: stretches to the Artic Ocean… 1 million miles of cold and swampy land

Coasts, Seas, and Lakes
Coastline touches both Arctic and Pacific oceans most of the coastlines are frozen
The Black Sea gives a warm water outlet to the ocean
Caspian Sea: large saltwater lake at the bottom of Russia
Lake Baikal: 20% of the world’s freshwater deepest freshwater lake in the world









Rivers
Rivers throughout Russia are used for
Transportation
Hydroelectricity/irrigation
Siveria has an enormous supply of freshwater
Volga River: Mother River
⅔ of Russia’s water travels down the Volga
Lots of waste is sent through the Volga
Large fishing industry

Natural Resources
Russia has large amounts of Mineral resources
Large amounts of petroleum
Leading producer of Hydroelectricity
Very Difficult to get these products to market due to cold and large distances
Leads the world in Production of Dry Natural Gas
Very little farming can take place due to Permafrost
Large fishing industries but these are declining due to dams, pollution and lack of desire for Caviar

East Asia

The Countries
China
Mongolia
North Korea
South Korea
Japan

The Major Landscapes
The only area that covers more land area are Canada and Russia
These countries have a major resource in port cities on the Pacific Ocean
Many islands cause the ocean to crunch together into smaller bodies of water
Thousands of small mountainous islands grouped together in this are known as the archipelago

The Ring of Fire
A group of volcanoes that are east of China in the Pacific Ocean
These are caused by plate movement under the surface
Japan feels up to 1,000 small quakes a year
Tsunami- a huge tidal wave that gets higher and higher as it approaches land




Other Major Landforms
Mount Fuji
Taklamakan and the Gobi Deserts
This area goes up in elevation the further West from the coast you go

Natural Resources
Many Minerals can be mined from the area including: Coal, iron ore, tin, tungsten and gold
Only 10% of China’s land is suitable for farming
Fishing industry is very important (squid)
Exporting of goods especially electronics and automobiles

History and Government
Dynasty- ruling families that took power in the 1600’s B.C. in China
In 200’s B.C. the dynasty ordered the great wall to be built to keep out nomads
Han and Tang dynasties sent traders and missionaries all over East Asia
Ming Dynasty- in the 1400’s sent the first Chinese explorer (Zheng He)
Qing Dynasty- 1600’s to early 1900’s

Shogun and Samurai
Shoguns- military leaders backed by Samurai in Japan until the 1800’s
Samurai- professional warriors who were hired to protect the land
These warriors followed the code of Bushido and were highly trained
A Samurai warrior was noticed by his peers for having 2 swords not just 1


East Asia

The Countries
China
Mongolia
North Korea
South Korea
Japan

The Major Landscapes
The only area that covers more land area are Canada and Russia
These countries have a major resource in port cities on the Pacific Ocean
Many islands cause the ocean to crunch together into smaller bodies of water
Thousands of small mountainous islands grouped together in this are known as the archipelago

The Ring of Fire
A group of volcanoes that are east of China in the Pacific Ocean
These are caused by plate movement under the surface
Japan feels up to 1,000 small quakes a year
Tsunami- a huge tidal wave that gets higher and higher as it approaches land




Other Major Landforms
Mount Fuji
Taklamakan and the Gobi Deserts
This area goes up in elevation the further West from the coast you go

Natural Resources
Many Minerals can be mined from the area including: Coal, iron ore, tin, tungsten and gold
Only 10% of China’s land is suitable for farming
Fishing industry is very important (squid)
Exporting of goods especially electronics and automobiles

History and Government
Dynasty- ruling families that took power in the 1600’s B.C. in China
In 200’s B.C. the dynasty ordered the great wall to be built to keep out nomads
Han and Tang dynasties sent traders and missionaries all over East Asia
Ming Dynasty- in the 1400’s sent the first Chinese explorer (Zheng He)
Qing Dynasty- 1600’s to early 1900’s

Shogun and Samurai
Shoguns- military leaders backed by Samurai in Japan until the 1800’s
Samurai- professional warriors who were hired to protect the land
These warriors followed the code of Bushido and were highly trained
A Samurai warrior was noticed by his peers for having 2 swords not just 1


Paris-France/ Paris is the capital and most populous city of France. Situated on the Seine River, in the north of the country, it is in the centre of the Île-de-France region, also known as the région parisienne
Rome-Italy/Rome is a city and special comune in Italy. Rome is the capital of Italy and also of the omonymous metropolitan city and of the region of Lazio.

Washington D.C.-USA/Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington, "the District", or simply D.C., is the capital of the United States.

Vijayanagar, India, ( Sanskrit: “City of Victory”) great ruined city in southern India and also the name of the empire ruled first from that city and later from Penukonda (in Anantapur district, Andhra Pradesh) between 1336 and about 1614. The site of the city, on the Tungabhadra River, is now partly occupied by the village of Hampi in eastern Karnataka state.
The History of San Juan, Puerto Rico San Juan has come full circle: early on, it was an important center for shipping and commerce, but with the rise of mainland cities it diminished, becoming a sleepy but charming backwater city. Today, it is once again a bustling commercial and economic center with a long and fascinating history.
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